This research project material is available: EFFECT OF COMMUNITY POLICING AND CRIME PREVENTION.
Crime causes economic, health, well being, psychological effects on victims and society at larg. Crime is a serious social problem that directly reduces the quality of the life of individuals and the community (O‘Block et al., 1991:8). Beside, the police are the most visible institution devoted in fighting crime twenty four hour a day and seven days a week. In support of this idea, Morgan states, the primary function of police is concerned with preventing crime and catching criminals (Morgan 1996:1). So the primary function of police is to prevent and detect crime.
The role of community policing in crime prevention is positively received by 75.83 percent respondents and most of replied as crime reduced in Bahil Adarash sub city. The most common challenges in the implementation of community policing crime prevention in Bahil Adarash sub city were; peoples who hides criminals, presence of many illegal chate chewing and other drug use houses, the existence of abundant local and modern liquor houses, anarchic situation in the night clubs, corrupt police officials, insufficient number and lack of trained police force, rural urban migrat
However, the police without the lively involvement of the community face difficulty in tackling crime. Palmiotto (2000) further strengthens the idea by saying, ‘the police cannot succeed in solving or preventing crime without the assistance of the community’. Thus to prevent crime successfully there must be community partnership and involvement.
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