Majority of people with particular reference to the elite will be
wondering why the inadequate human resources on the performance of
government establishments. A research supply will sound like asking an
obvious question what are the causes of the inadequate human resources
on the performance of government establishments. Given some answers to
the above question I will start by first emphasizing the importance of
human resources in every economy. Trended French described human
resources as consisting of all individuals who are engaged in any of the
organizational activities regardless of their level.
Human resources from above mean men and women working for an
organization irrespective of the post they are holding. However, this
went further to emphasize that there was no demarcation for men and
women working for the organization that does not belong to human
resources of the organization. Therefore, the human resources of the
government establishment e.g. ministry ranges from the commissioner down
to the messengers.
Meanwhile, all activities in the organization depend on human
resources either public or private organization. Therefore, any
establishment aiming at achieving its goal must ensure not only
maintaining constant and adequate supply of human resources but also
ensuring that they are adequately motivated.
From the above, we can clearly understand that the goals of the
establishment cannot be achieved only by providing and ensuring adequate
supply of human resources. This is because the human resources that are
not motivated will not be answering human resources of the
establishment without giving their best.
Perhaps, commendations must be made to the University of
Nigeria, Nsukka for making Industrial Training as one of the
requirements for the Award of Diploma Certificate in the institution.
This was because during my sister’s industrial attachment work
with the board of Internal Revenue Enugu. That the effect of inadequate
human resources on the performance of Government establishments was
identified. I was always visiting her at the office on daily bases and I
shared her experiences. Then the identified problem was taken to
Caritas University Enugu to be approved for further research (BSc.
Project). This was how the research topic came about.
Moreover, some of us are not opportune to go into some
establishments being it private or government establishments but may
doubt that there are no inadequacy in human resources on the performance
of government establishments. This research topic was chosen out of
This was because my information handled a competent schedule of duty, which my sister was supposed not to do as a student.
Furthermore, surprise came upon her when she was asked to cover
the schedule of two (2) persons at a time which was due to inadequate
human resources on the establishment, from the above mentioned reasons,
the aims of finding some ways of minimizing the effect of inadequate
human resources on the performance of government establishment and
possibly to make suggestions on how to eliminate the problem of
inadequate human resources confronting government establishments.
Finally, this research will therefore, be a contribution towards
finding some of the causes and effects of inadequate human resources on
the performance of government establishments. Also, some suggestions
will be made on how best to remedy the problem.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
The scope of this research project was to identify the effect of
inadequate human resources on the performance of government
establishments. What are existing problems? As the case therefore, some
of the problems to be observed in the establishments such as;
· Poor Management
· Lack of adequate remuneration
· Lack of training/motivation
· Miss appropriation and diversion of fun.
· Lack of proper perception of the government vision and mission by the administrators., rigid government policy
· None employment of professionals
· Too much to do and little time to do it.
· Findings the human resources strength of the government
establishment in Enugu state, with particular reference to the ministry
of finance and Economic planning, Enugu.
· Finding some causes and the effect of inadequate human resources in the ministry.
· Finding out how and who are supposed to build up the human resources of the government establishment.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE SUTDY
Smith and Brown were of the opinion that goal setting as at
the heart of the performance appraisal process of organization gives
meaning and relevance to appraisal and development activities. The
objectives of this research will be as follows:
a. Letting government to know that the human resources
performance in Enugu State is inadequate. Therefore when the government
Department concerned got informed, the objective of this study will be
achieved. This effect will be that they will make immediate arrangement
to recruit more people in the ministry.
b. To identify the levels in which the inadequacies were
existing. This will enable the government department concerned to know
exactly the levels where their recruitment/promotion exercise will focus
for quicker action.
c. Finally, to identify how to tackle the poor management
lack of training and who is supposed to build up the government human
resources inadequate. Government as referred above is every body.
Therefore, effort needs to be made to identify. The segment of
government that is vested with the task.
The effects of identifying how and who will advice government on some
of the causes and effects of inadequate human resources on the
performance of government establishments. This was because it is only
when the causes of a particular problem are identified that some
remedial solutions should be embarking on:
· Immediate recruitment of more human resources.
· Workers should enjoy remuneration employment of qualified staff.
· Promotion should be done when due constant training and
development of Civil Servant while in Service in other to Corp with
· Establishing of an assessment centres.
· Government should pass good legislature favouring the
employees. In other to have better form of mind to enhance productivity
as well as efficiency.
Finally if all these been looked into it will improve the inadequate
human resources performance in government establishments because
objective is not only to identify problems, but it is aimed at finding
solutions to them.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY:
According to this research work, it will be of benefit to the government establishments in the following ways:
The significance of the effect of inadequate human resources on the performance of government establishment.
It will cover the followings:
· The findings of the study stand as a source of ready information from the establishment.
· Recommendation would be a source of information to various
organizations on their effort to improve on their human resources
· To rebrand inadequate human resources in other to enhance
their attitudinal change in exercising their duties in government
establishments. The cause of this unemployment in Nigeria includes
mismanagement of available of human resources. Even though there was
employment, still we still experience inadequacies in human resources
due to the people employed are not qualified to take up the Job because
they were employed on the bases of godfathers.
· However, some authors were of opinion that the reasons for
inadequate performance in Government establishments were because those
employed are lacking the skills needed.
When this research identifies the level of were the inadequacy
shortages are existing, we can advise the government. The advice the
government to start recruiting more human resources and looking into
numerous problem confronting the civil servants like:
· Lack of motivation
· Low salary
· No housing scheme and scholarship award. For civil servant children.
· Rigid government policy on civil servant.
· No health insurance. Then the result will be eliminating the
effect of inadequate human resources in government establishments.
· Minimizing the inadequacies and the suffering of the little
employees already in service, the result will be that the duties
formerly undertaken by only one employee will then be shared among other
employees to reduce cumbersome work load.
Finally, is getting government useful information and guide in the
area of utilizing its human resources in the best possible ways. Leonard
R. Sayless and George Syrauss said that management must provide orderly
pathways down ward as well as up ward and seek to minimize the
personnel and organizational disruption associated with cut back in
employment. That is, disruption in any organizational activity will be
completely eliminated when government starts managing her human
resources which include: planning, organizing, staffing, coordinating,
directing, reporting and budgeting for her human resources.
These are things to find out:
· What are the ractionel behind ineffectiveness
and the experience in those government establishments over the years?
· What aspect of the resources are you to diagnose in the cause of this research.
· What can you say is the effect (problem) identifiable in this establishment?
· What are the penacial cares, remedy or solutions to the problems?
· What are your tentative or sub-mission in this regard.
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
1. Does poor financial incentive contribute to inadequate human resources performance?
2. What is the major cause of the inadequacy?
3. In what level do you think these inadequacies?
4. In what area do these inadequate have effect?
5. What prevent government from employing more human resources?
6. What then should government to increase her human resources?
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope is to look into the effect of inadequate human resources in
respect of the performance of government establishment in Enugu.
The sources of human resources as well as causes effect and solution
to inadequate human resources and on the performance of government
establishment and also to give recommendation and suggest remedies to
the poor performance of Enugu state government with particular reference
to ministry of finance.
1.7 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The research is focused on the effect of inadequate resources on the
performance of government establishments (Ministry of Finance and
Economic Planning Enugu). Due to certain problems that emanated from
experience encountered insufficient data, high cost of transportation,
difficulties in getting exeat permit from the school authority.
a. Lack of Information: success of research
depends on the availability of information or data. In this research
because of the bureaucracy in the government establishments, their
officials at times refuse to release certain information this
contributed in limiting the scope of the research work.
b. Finance: Covering the whole 5 departments
of the ministry would have given more understanding of the topic. But
due to lack of finance it was limited to (2) two departments the
personnel and statistics Departments.
c. Time also stood as constraints to the researcher in
traveling to other ministries but it was limited to only to departments
in Enugu state.
1.7 DEFINATION OF TERMS:
Floppo (1986:10) defined human resources as the planning organizing
directing and controlling of the procurement development compensation,
integration and maintenance of people for the purpose of contributing to
the organizational goals.
The word effectiveness, efficiency is the means that some one or
something being in a state well without waste it is the ability to apply
the best methods and principles in the doing of a thing or reaching a
decision it is the ability to follow the best and shortest route to a
Efficiency can be defined as fitness or power to accomplish or
success in accomplishing the purpose intended by oxford dictionary.
According to the same dictionary effectiveness is the ability or
power to have noticeable or desired effect. Maurice Odo defined it as a
effect of the means employed.
R.B.N. Owele in a class lecture “says that effectiveness
relate to production output which are intended to yield desired output
from these definition the researcher regards effectiveness as the
extends to which achievement has been made of set objectives
The oxford advanced learner dictionary says that to be effective
means to have a noticeable or desired effect it means to produce desired
Dr. Maurice Odo says that efficiency is the means to end.
He wants further to say that specific issue with the intention of
achieving the set down goals.
Manpower can be defined as the number of workers needed or
available to do or perform a particular job at any period of time.
This the amount of production in relation to the labour employed it
is the quantity of output resulting from a given level of resource
Motivation has been defined as the inner drive that causes one to act
or person inner state that energies sustain and direct behavior to
satisfy a person’s needs (Milkovich and Glueck 1995)
According to Donald (1992), motivation is the act of stimulating
someone to action by creating state environment in which their
motivation can be unleashed and through providing a reason or incentive
for people to produce more therefore employee motivation can cause one
to abandon one’s goal for the goal of an organization motivation is the
key factor that gingers or energies an individual or group of
individuals towards the achievement of any pre-stage goals.
To train as according to Oxford advanced learner dictionary is to
give teaching and practice in order to bring to a desired stand and
behavior efficiency or physical condition, training therefore is the act
of teaching in the industrial or business concept. It is the act of
level of the expectations of their employer.
The sources of human resources in government establishments and as
well as problem associated to inadequate human resources and to give
some recommendation and suggest solution to the performance of Enugu
state government with a particular reference to the ministry of