In this research work, the researcher intended to have a
general discussion with local government as my background. But lack of space may not allow me for
detailed discussion and analysis. However, all essentials
part of the impact of local government administration in economic and social
development in Nigeria are discussed. In chapter one, I discussed the
background, the problem, purpose of the study, scope, some research question
and research hypothesis, significance, and some definition of terms. In chapter
two, contains review of related literature, local government, social and
economic development process, characteristic of rural area and the history of
local government in Nigeria. Furthermore, chapter three contains research
design, area of the study, population and sample size, instrument for data
collection validation of instrument, reliability of instrument and method of
data collection and method of data analysis. And chapter four, contains
presentation and analysis of data, testing of hypothesis and summary of result.
Finally chapter five, contains discussion of result findings, conclusion,
implication of the research findings, recommendation, limitation and suggestion
for further research.
Background of the study
Statement of the problem
Objectives of the study
Significance of the study
Scope of the Study
Limitation of the Study
Definition of Term
Review of related literature
Local government administration
Social and economic development process
Characteristics of rural areas
The history of local government in Nigeria
Mobilization For Communal Development
revenue generation in the local
Research Design and Methodology
Population of the Study
Sampling Selection for the Study
Instrument for Data Collection
Validation of the instrument
Reliability of the instrument
Method of Data Analysis
Data presentation and analysis
Presentation and Analysis of Data
Discussion of Results
Discussion, Recommendation and Conclusion
Summary of Result
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
study is a modest attempt at a lucid explication of the impact of local
government in Nigeria.
local government system has witnessed tremendous transformation since the
introductions of the 1988 civil service reforms and its application at the
local government administration one of the changes introduced to strengthen the
local government is the direct payment of their statutory allocations which was
increased from 15% to 20%. In addition
local government auditor was established in each state government to ensure
proper utilization of financial resources at the local level to check any
misappropriation of public funds. Also
all local government now has a common structure which distinguish them from
government at any level has some stand and roles such as the maintenance of law
and order, the promotion of economic and social development. They are left with considerable freedom to
act as they see fit for the interest of the local community.
the point of view the government as agents of development are will place to
help the rural areas to develop. These
can be done by investing in social and economic infrastructure such as roads,
bridges, hospitals, schools, electrification and telecommunication. The other essential duties inherited from the
Native Authorities include rural and the urban water supplies markets and
libraries. We generally regard the
convenience list as including those extra amenities which make for a better life
in the community, other than those life in the community, other than those
which are concerned with fighting discuss e.g. bus and lorry parks. The regulation of handcarts on the streets,
community and recreation centers, parks and open spaces, grazing areas and fuel
plantations, the naming of streets and the numbering of buildings. These are recognized as automatically the
responsibility of the local government.
They also help in the service of park control and supply of water,
electricity and gas, the provision of road and water transport, and any other
trading undertaking that the state government specifically authorizes.
local government also take care for a specifically health orientation and
supplying of drugs, a midwifery service, to arrange for health visiting and
home nursing to provide facilities for vaccination and immunization.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
government is expected to become more meaningful in facilitating social and
economic development at the grassroots level.
Central to the achievement of these objectives is the financial
viability of this tier of government.
This point has been subtly underscored by “Dasuki panel” on local
government administration, when it observed inter alia that a good number of
local government roles could not be performed at all, due to a variety of
reasons principal among which are:
Inadequate financial capacity
Lack of necessary technical manpower, and
erosion of functions particularly in the revenue yielding areas by state
government – thus reducing the revenue base of the local government.
demonstrates that success or failure of local government depends among other
things, on their revenue base, the fiscal resources available and the way these
resources are utilized. However, central
to the above is the ability of the local government to generate substantial
financial resources which is one of the tripartite goals of every local
government in Nigeria more importantly, one is inclined to think that this is
the point that can give an impact in breaking the vicious cycle of poverty of
NSUKKA local government. The researcher
wants to identify the reasons for the vicarious cycle, and proffer a solution
to the above problems.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
study seeks to look at the contribution of local government development of rural
areas in Nigeria using NSUKKA local government area of ENUGU state.
research also aimed at identifying different factors militating the
effectiveness of local government and solutions to those problems identified
and it will be offered at the completion of the research work.
the study makes a modest attempt to fulfill this purpose in the social and
economic development of the effective delivery of service to the respective
local populations scattered all over the country. It also make a recommendations on making
local government an effective third level of government, the development and
management of the human resources of local governments and the development of
the financial resources of local government.
The overall thrust of the recommendation is on how to ensure faithful
implementation of local government.
local governments have any role to play in the economic development of rural
what extent has local government administration?
its roles in rural area?
low morale among the staffs of local government militate development of rural
there any constraints that militate against the success of development process
of local government?
weak financial base hinder the goals of meeting up rural development?
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
need and importance of the research is obvious.
At a time when local government has come to assume an overwhelming
influence on the process of political and economic development.
becomes more relevant to examine much more closely, the characters and dynamics
of this three tier of government and to clarify the major contradictions that
have landed to impede its capacity to promote development at local level.
a scientific study of this kind becomes necessary especially at this time when
the past and present civilian administrations are particularly concern about
this study will generally add to the growing numbers of literature on local
government affairs, more particularly on the roles of local government
administration in economic ad social development of rural area in Nigeria and
pragmatic solutions offered towards making them more efficient and responsive
to the needs of rural Nigerians, it also to policy makers and researchers
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
research area and dimension of coverage is based on only the roles of local
government administration in economic and social development of rural area in
Nigeria and to staff, teachers businessmen, farmers, in Nsukka South local
government of Enugu State.
1.7 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
study seeks to look at the contribution of local government development
administration in economic and social development of rural area in Nigeria.
This research also aimed at identifying
different factors militating the effectiveness of local government and solution
to those problems identified and the will be offered at the completion of the
Questionnaire have been designed to cover
all solvent facts of local government development administration in economic
and social development in Nigeria, not all column of information will be
analyzed and used in the study.
Obviously only those information
immediately required providing a sound base for preferred to collect and the
difficult in getting questionnaires returned would mutability put a limitation
to both sample size and the amount of useful data available to whose situation.
Finally, the study makes a modest attempt
to fulfill this purpose in the social and economic development of the effective
delivery of service to the respective local population scattered all over the
It also make a recommendation on making
local government an effective third based of government, the development and
management of the human resource of local government an effective third base of
government, the development and management of the human resource of local and
the development of the financial resource of local government.
The overall thrust of the recommendation
is on how to ensure faithfully implementation of local government.
DEFINITIONS OF TERMS
following terms have been defined for the purpose of this study:
Local government: This is government at a local level exercised
through representative councils established by laws toe exercise specific
functions with in a defined area.
Development: Development is a multi – dimensional process
involving a re-organizational and reorientation of the entire economic and
social system, in addition to improve income and outcome. Its typically
involves radical changes in institutional, social as well popular attitude and
sometimes even customs and belief.
Council: This refers to the organ
that constitute representation of people either elected or nominated.
Social Economic Development: This is a combination of
social and economic development. It
embraces improvement in not only standard of living and per-capital income, but
also high level of employment, reducing inflation, adequate food, high
infrastructures, stressing values rather than achievement.
Objectives: These are end results to which an
organization or government activity directed objective are hierarchical in
nature are determined or formulated by top management of an organization after
economic, social and political forces affecting the organization have been
Programmes; This consists of essentially integrated
series of development projects that spans over a length of time.
O. S. (1978) Community Development
New York City,
D. B. (1957) Organization and Practice of Local
Government. Case studies in the printing industry London,
J. D. (1971) Managements in local government,
London, Charles Knight and Co. Ltd.
A. I. (1969) The Future of government in Nigeria,
University of Ife Press.