Inventories are vital to the successful functioning of manufacturing and service organization. They may consist of raw materials, work-in-progress, spare parts/consumables, and finished goods. It is not necessary that an organization has all these inventory classes. But, whatever way be the inventory items, they need efficient management as generally, a substantial share of its fund is invented in them. Different departments within the same organization adopt different attitudes towards inventory. This is mainly because the particular functions performed by a department influence the department’s motivation. For example, the sales department might desire large stock in reserve to meet virtually every demand that comes. The production department similarly would ask for stock of materials so that the production system runs uninterrupted. One the other hand, the finance department would always agree for a minimum investment in stock so that the funds could be used elsewhere for other better purposes.
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