Microsporidiosisis a neglected tropical disease that is associated with chronic diarrhoea especially in persons living with HIV/AIDS, and in other immune-compromised individuals (elderly, organ transplant individuals, travellers). In developing countries like Nigeria, there has not been any serious efforts toward the eradication of Microsporidiosis. Infection rate of Microsporodiosis is on the increase in tropical and subtropical countries due to lack of health hygiene, access to public health centres, and knowledge of the disease. In Nigeria detection of microsporidia is not routinely performed in clinical practice, there is therefore dearth of information concerning Microsporidia in respect to prevalence, diagnosis, treatment and control.
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