This project give a summary of the entire research study which was
designed to find out the way and the way forward in the treatment and
prevention of sexually transmitted disease in Egor Local Government Area
of Edo State. This study include respondents in secondary schools,
tertiary institutions, civil servants, traders, which were reviewed were
the mode of transmission, factors predisposing youths to STD’s, the
symptoms, treatment, diagnosis, prognosis, preventive measures of
sexually transmitted disease, others include control and eradication.
The questionnaire was used as the research instrument: A total of 343
questionnaires were given to the respondents, analysis of data from the
review of the questionnaires showed that abstinence from sex and
faithfulness to one partners is the best prevention from STD, various
recommendations were given which include the incorporations of sex,
faithfulness to one partners, abstinence and parental guidance with
regards to the youths.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Chapter One Introduction
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of the problem
1.3 Purpose of the study
1.4 Significance of study
1.5 Research questions
1.6 Scope of study
1.7 Limitation of study
1.8 Definition of terms
2.0 Literature Review
4.0 Data Analysis
5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Prior to the invention of modern medications, infectious disease were
generally incurable, and treatment was limited to treating the symptoms
of the disease sexually transmitted diseases has been known for hundred
of years, but as we enter a new millennium, age old problems of the
infectious disease continue to plague us. Very many have been
eliminated, examples are syphilis and Tuberculosis. Overcrowding,
environmental degradation, poverty often inflate these disease.
Many of these diseases may have arisen in the context of modern
social trends. Perhaps the most frightened is the HIV and herpes disease
unknown before the last eight decades of the twentieth century. This
currently incurable virus has already infected more than 80% of the
ordinary young adults population in parts of the sub-Saharan African an
is rapidly spreading especially in the poorer and more socially unstable
part of the world. However, syphilis is potentially one of the most
controllable disease (STD). HIV is not nearly as transmissible as some
other STD’s e.g. hepatics or gonorrhea. It is the cofactors of other
STDs that largely explain the infectivity and prevalence of HIV.
According to the national institute of allergy and infectious
diseases (NIAID) 2005 the prevalence of STDs shows 333 millions cases
per annum. Anti-microbial treatment of some STDs is becoming
increasingly problematic some strains of gonorrhea and chancrous are now
resistant to all anti-biotic generally available in poorer countries.
Despite anti-viral agents (and their combination) that have been
developed to treat it, the vast proportion of STDs worldwide are not
treated at all. This is affected by the cost of treatment.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
This study attempts a critical examination of the prevention and
treatment of sexually transmitted disease which causes problems like
infertility, scarring of fallopian tubes, sterility, heart problems and
disorders of the central nervous system, sexually transmitted diseases
also causes pelvic inflammatory diseases, which can lead to ectopic
pregnancy or the formation of abscesses, cervical cancer, blindness and
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this study is to:
1. Consider factors or means of prevention and treatments
of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in Egor Local Government Area of
2. Pre-disposed youths to STDs.
3. To assist partners or individuals in these localities
discuss their sexual and STD history before having sex and to consider
4. To help individuals that are sexually active to understand the symptoms and how they are spread.
5. To help the general population to understand the symptoms and how to diagnose the diseases.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Sexually transmitted diseases is not what can be sign handled, it is
hoped that when study is concluded suggestions will be offered to
rewards the pr3eventive measures of these disease by viewing some of the
factors that propagate sex. This study will also be useful to
researchers, scientists in the discovery of the new ways of treating
some deadly STDs.
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
For the purpose of this study research questions were formulated.
1. Does faithfulness to only one partner whose sexually
transmitted disease states has been proved by blood test prevent
sexually transmitted disease?
2. Does abstinence from sex if you are single prevent sexually transmitted disease?
3. Does the use of anti-biotic help in the treatment of sexually transmitted disease?
4. Does voluntary counselling and sex education of the
youths aid in the prevention of sexually transmitted disease?
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
It is not an easy task to go round the nook and cranny of Egor Local
Government Area in searching for information due to the fact that
biological concept are being modernized as a result of arising
discoveries by researchers or scientists or biologist.
For one to get recent information there is the need to go on line
search via the Internet, which is economically expensive and time
consuming. To this end researcher has therefore resolved to study how
sexually transmitted disease can be prevented and treated in Egor Local
Government Area of Edo State. For example the purpose of this research
attention will be focused on youth, traders, civil servants, students of
secondary and tertiary institutions.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
STD (AKA) Venereal disease (VD) is an illness that
has a significant probability of transmission between humans or animals
by means of sexual contact including oral sex and anal sex.
Gonorrhea: An STD that affect the mucolls membrane
particularly in the urinary tract and genital area. It can make
urination painful and cause pulse like discharge through the urinary
HIV: The Human Immuno Deficiency Virus. It is the
virus which causes (AIDS) can replicate and the disease can be
transmitted to other followed by a symptomatic period which leads
rapidly to death unless treated.
Anti-Biotic: A substance derived from bacterial and other organism that fight the growth of other bacteria or organism.
Anti-Viral Agents: These are agents or drugs that
kills or inhibit viruses and are used to treat viral infections disease.
Examples are acyclovir effective against herpes viruses and zidovudine
(AZT), which is used to treat HIV infections.
Vaccine: A substance that causes the body immune system to build up resistance to a particular disease.