PREVALENCE OF HIV/AIDS AMONG INTENDING DONORS


1,629 marked this research material reliable.
Call or whatsapp: +2347063298784 or email: info@allprojectmaterials.com
Department: health and kinetics project topics | Type: Project Topics | Project Topics and Materials | List of Project Topics | Research Project Materials | Journals | Thesis | Articles | Online Project Materials | Business Plan | Final year project topic | Format: Ms Word and PDF | Attribute: Documentation Only | Pages: 55 Pages | Chapters: Complete Research work from Chapter 1 to 5; All chapters | Inclusive: Abstract, Preliminary Pages, Table of Contents and Appendices | Cost: ₦ 5,000.00


PREVALENCE OF HIV/AIDS AMONG INTENDING DONORS

PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS ON PREVALENCE OF HIV/AIDS AMONG INTENDING DONORS


Laboratory testing to identify HIV infection has been used throughout the world for over 20 years, and continues to be a major intervention in protecting recipients of blood and tissues (Constantine et al., 2005). Serological screening of donor blood for HIV antibodies remains a critical component in identifying and eliminating HIV infected blood donations (Nkengasong et al., 1999) but, this test rarely detect HIV antigen positive blood donors who are in the window period.

 

Detection of this early viraemic stage continues to be a challenge in transfusion medicine worldwide because of the possibility of transmitting HIV infection (Polywka et al., 2005). Many countries employ stringent blood donor selection criteria to defer potentially infectious donors with high risk of HIV infection and employ highly sensitive screening methods like Nucleic Acid Amplification Testing (NAAT) in a nationally coordinated Blood Transfusion Service. Following this approach, developed countries like the United States of America (USA), United Kingdom (UK) and France have successfully reduced infections through their blood supplies and the window period from an average of 22 days based on antibody ELISA to 11days using NAAT (Busch et al., 2003). In Africa where about 5 to 10% of cases of HIV are reported to have been acquired through blood transfusion (WHO, 2002), the use of sensitive testing assays has persistently posed a daunting challenge for most nations.

 

In Nigeria, the national prevalence of HIV among blood donors was reported to be 4.4% (PEPFAR, 2006) though, different researchers (Irene, 2002; Durosinmi et al., 2003; Imoru et al., 2003; Ejele et al., 2005) have reported varying prevalence from different parts of Nigeria depending on the setting, nature of blood donation, population prevalence, donor selection criteria and methods of assays employed in testing. Pre-transfusion screening of blood is aimed at reducing to the barest minimum the acquisition of transfusion transmissible infections like HIV through donated blood. Facilities for early detection of infection with newer technologies in asymptomatic carriers thereby narrowing the window period are not available in the study setting. Screening of blood donors rely on available antibody-based detection method for HIV infection. Local data from this centre on the percentage of post transfusion acquired HIV infection are lacking as far as the authors are aware.

 

1.2 Problem Statement

Detection of the early viraemic stage of HIV continues to be a challenge in transfusion medicine worldwide because of the possibility of transmitting HIV infection. Serelogical screening of donor blood for HIV antibodies remains a critical component of identifying and eliminating HIV infected blood donations but this test rarely detect HIV antigen positive blood donors who are in the window period. Hence there is need to assess the prevalence of HIV/AIDS among intending donors.

 

1.3 Objectives of the Study

The major objective of the study is the prevalence of HIV/AIDS among intending donors.

 

1.4 Research Questions

(1) what is HIV/AIDS?

(2) what are its mode of transmission?

(3) what is its prevalence in the population?

(4) why the need to know its prevalence among intending donors?

 

1.5 Significance of the Study

This study gives a clear insight into the prevalence of HIV/AIDS among intending donors. It also serves part of a preliminary study to identify intending blood donors that are medically fit to donate blood.

 

1.6 Scope of the study

The research focuses on the prevalence of HIV/AIDS among intending donors.

 

 REFERENCES

Baah ATD, Azumah DE, Ampiah C, Boampong J, Nuvor SV (2014). Incidence of human immunodeficiency virus in sickle cell patients in the Cape Coast Metropolis, Ghana. World J. AIDS. 4:338-340.

 

Busch MP, Kleinman SH, Nemo GJ (2003). Current and emerging infectious risks of blood transfusion. JAMA 289(8):959-962.

Crossref

 

 

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World factbook (2012). HIV/AIDS –adult prevalence rate in Nigeria.

 

 Constantine NT, Zink H (2005). HIV testing technologies after two decades of evolution. Indian J. Med. Res. 121(4):519-38.

 

 Coombs RW, Reichelderfer PS, Landay AL (2003). Recent observations on HIV type-1 infection in the genital tract of men and women. AIDS 17:455.

 

Durosinmi MA, Mabayoje VO, Akinola NO, Adegunloge AB, Alabi AO (2003). A retrospective study of prevalence of antibody to HIV in blood donors at Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Niger. Postgrad. Med. J. 10(4):220-223.

 

 Egesie OJ, Egesie UG (2011). Seroprevalence of human immunodeficiency virus among blood donors in Jos. In: Eugenia Barros (ed). HIV infection – impact, awareness and social implications of living with HIV/AIDS (ISBN 979-953-307-190-8) by In Tech, Rijeka-Croatia. pp. 233-240. www.intechopen.com

 

 Ejele OA, Nwauche CA, Erhabor O (2005). Seroprevalence of HIV infection among blood donors in Port Harcount, Nigeria. Niger. J. Med. 14(3):287-289.

 

 Imoru M, Eke C, Adegoke A (2003). Prevalence of hepatitis B Surface antigen, hepatitis C virus and human immunodeficiency virus among blood donors in Kano State, Nigeria. J. Med. Lab. Sci. 12(1):59-63.

 

 

Irene PA (2002). Prevalence of HIV/AIDS virus among blood donors in Lagos Island. A Nigeria experience. Intl. Conf. AIDS. Abstract no. C10834.

 

 

Koofreh M, Nwauche CA, Ughoma HA (2008). Prevalence of HIV infection among secondary school students in two cities in south-south Nigeria. Port Harcourt Med. J. 2(3):253-256.

 

Myer L, Kuhn L, Stein ZA, Wright TC Jr, Denny L (2003). Intravaginal practices, bacterial vaginosis, and women's susceptibility to HIV infection: epidemiological evidence and biological mechanisms. Lancet Infect. Dis. 5(12):786-794.

Crossref

 

 

National HIV/AIDS and Reproductive Health Survey (NARHS) (2012). National HIV prevalence rate. www.naca.gov.ng/new/content/hiv-prevalence-rate-states

 

 

Ngo SF, Eboumbou C, Ngouadjeu E, Zouhairatou H, Mbanya D (2013). Prevalence of HIV seropositivity among sickle cell disease patients at Yaounde Central Hospital. Health Sci. Dis. 14(2):1-4.

 

 

Nkengasong JN, Maurice C, Koblavi S, Kalou M, Yavo D, Maran M, Bile C, N'guessan K, Kouadio J, Bony S, Wiktor SZ, Greenberg AE (1999). Evaluation of HIV serial and parallel serologic testing algorithms in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire. AIDS 13:109-117.

Crossref

 

 

Polywka S, Duttmann H, Lubben F, Laufs R, Felder JA (2005). New Combined HIV P24 Antigen and Anti-HIV 1/2/0 Screening Assay. J. Virol. Methods 304:229-243.

Crossref

 

 

Roberts CR, Longfield JN, Platte RC, Zielmanski KP, Wages J, Fowler A (1994). Transfusion-associated HIV type 1 from screened antibody-negative blood donor. Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med. 118(12):1188-1192

 

The president's emergency plan for AIDS relief. Report on blood safety and HIV/AIDS (2006). http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/74125.pdf

 

 Ubesie AC, Emodi IJ, Ikefuna AN, Ilechukwu GC, Ilechukwu GCA (2012). Prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus transmission among transfused children with sickle cell anaemia in Enugu, Nigeria. Ann. Med. Health Sci. Res. 2(2):109-113.

Crossref

 

 

World Health Organization (WHO) (2002). Blood safety unit. Aide-Memoire for national blood programmes. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/bloodsafety/transfusion_services/en/Blood_Safety_Eng.pdf

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE WORK FOR PREVALENCE OF HIV/AIDS AMONG INTENDING DONORS


Additional Information

  • The Project Material is available for download.
  • The Research material is delivered within 15-30 Minutes.
  • The Material is complete from Preliminary Pages to References.
  • Well Researched and Approved for supervision.
  • Click the download button below to get the complete project material.

Frequently Asked Questions

In-order to give you the best service available online, we have compiled frequently asked questions (FAQ) from our clients so as to answer them and make your visit much more interesting.

We are proudly Nigerians, and we are well aware of fraudulent activities that has been ongoing in the internet. To make it well known to our customers, we are geniune and duely registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission of the republic of Nigeria. Remember, Fraudulent sites can NEVER post bank accounts or contact address which contains personal information. Free chapter One is always given on the site to prove to you that we have the material. If you are unable to view the free chapter 1 send an email to info@researchcub.info with the subject head "FREE CHAPTER 1' plus the topic. You will get a free chapter 1 within an hour. You can also check out what our happy clients have to say.


Students are always advised to use our materials as guide. However, if you have a different case study, you may need to consult one of our professional writers to help you with that. Depending on similarity of the organization/industry you may modify if you wish.


We have professional writers in various disciplines. If you have a fresh topic, just click Hire a Writer or click here to fill the form and one of our writers will contact you shortly.


Yes it is a complete research project. We ensure that our client receives complete project materials which includes chapters 1-5, full references, questionnaires/secondary data, etc.


Depending on how fast your request is acknowledged by us, you will get the complete project material withing 15-30 minutes. However, on a very good day you can still get it within 5 minutes!

What Clients Say

Our Researchers are happy, see what they are saying. Share your own experience with the world.
Be polite and honest, as we seek to expand our business and reach more people. Thank you.

A Research proposal for prevalence of hiv/aids among intending donors :
Reviews: A Review on prevalence of hiv/aids among intending donors , prevalence, hiv/aids, among project topics, researchcub.info, project topic, list of project topics, research project topics, journals, books, Academic writer.
Laboratory testing to identify HIV infection has been used throughout the world for over 20 years, and continues to be a major intervention in protecting recipients of blood and tissues (Constantine et al., 2005). Serological screening of donor blood for HIV antibodies remains a critical component in identifying and eliminating HIV infected blood donations (Nkengasong et al., 1999) but, this test rarely detect HIV antigen positive blood donors who are in the window period... health and kinetics project topics

PREVALENCE OF HIV/AIDS AMONG INTENDING DONORS

Project Information

Share Links

Download Post (MsWord)
Download Post (PDF)

Search for Project Topics

Project topics in Departments

How much does it cost to hire a writer in Nigeria?

Looking for Professional Approach and Quality Research Services ?

Estimating the cost of research writing in Nigeria: Freelance writers in Nigeria may charge anywhere from ₦5,000 to ₦50,000 or more per project, depending on the factors mentioned earlier. SEO-focused content may be on the higher end of this range due to the additional skills and research involved. For a more accurate estimate, it's recommended to reach out with us, discuss your specific requirements, and request a quote based on the scope of your project. Prices can vary, so getting personalized quotes will help you determine the cost more precisely.

Undergraduate Project Topics, economics project topics, marketing project topics, business administration project topics, engineering project topics, computer science project topics, banking & finance project topics, education project topics, law project topics, sciences project topics, public administration project topics, political science project topics, mathematics project topics, medical science project topics, mass communication project topics, research projects, geology project topics, marketing project topics, agriculture project topics, Browse Thousands of Final Year Project Topics, hire a writer, Research Works and Materials, Project topics and materials in Nigeria, Undergraduate Project Topics, Research Works and Materials, research topics, research project materials, complete project materials, computer science project material, free project topics, complete projects, accounting topics, small business topics, entrepreneurship topics, project materials, Nigerian undergraduate projects, business administration projects, computer science topics and projects, MBA Nigerian project topics, human resources, small businesses, entrepreneurship projects, economics projects, impacts projects, effect projects, university projects, polytechnic projects, investigate projects, political science projects, mass communication projects, project topics, human resource projects, education projects, French topics, project analysis, French projects, project tips, project abstract, project proposals, project bibliography, project reference, project seminar, forex, TSA, treasury single account, currency, naira, devaluation, undergraduate projects, final project research, marketing project topics, statistics project topics, mathematics project topics, statistics, mathematics, research projects, project thesis, labour force theses, NCE, OND, HND, BTECH, BSC, MBA, MSC, English projects, linguistic project topics, Free Project topics and materials in Nigeria, research topics, reseach project materials, computer science project material, free, complete, accounting topics, small business topics, materials, nigeria projects, business administration projects, computer science topics and projects, MBA nigeria project topics, human resources, small business, entrepreneurship projects, economics projects, impact projects, effects projects, training, budgets, ghana, university, polytechnic, browse Free project materials and topics in Nigeria, accounting and finance project materials, business administration project materials and topics, human resources, entrepreneurship, computer science and engineering project materials and topics, Accounting project topics, Accounting project topics and materials, Agricultural Economics Project Topics and Materials, Agricultural Science Projects topics and materials, All Project topics and materials, Architecture Project topics and materials, Aviation project topics and materials, Banking & Finance Projects topics and materials, Biology project and materials, Building project topics and materials, Business Administration & Management Projects topics and materials, Chemical Engineering Project Topics and materials, Civil Engineering Projects topics and materials, Communication & mass communication art project topics and materials, Computer Engineering Project Topics and materials, Computer Science Projects topics and materials, Criminology project topics and materials, Economics Research Projects topics and materials, Education Project Topics and Materials, Electrical Engineering Projects and materials, English Education & English Language Project topics and materials, Food Science project topics and materials, Geology Project Topics and materials, Guidance Counseling Project Topics and materials, History project topics and materials, Home Economics Project Topics and Materials, Human Resource Projects topics and Materials, Industrial Chemistry Projects topics and materials, Insurance Projects topics and materials, Law project topics and materials, Library and information science project topics and materials, Marine and Transport management project topics and materials, Marketing Projects topics and materials, Mathematics project topics and materials, Medical Sciences Project Topics and materials, Microbiology project topics and materials, Nursing and Midwifery project topics, Nursing and Midwifery project topics and materials, Optometry or nursing project topics and materials, Petroleum Engineering project topics and materials, Pharmacy project topics and materials, Philosophy project topics and materials, Photography project topics and materials, Physical and Health Education project topics and materials, Physiology project topics and materials, Political science project topics and materials, Project topics and materials, Psychology project topics and materials, Random project, Religious and Cultural Studies Project Topics and Materials, Sociology and Anthropology Project topics and materials, Sociology Project Topics and materials, Tourism project topics and materials, Vocational education project topics and materials. Project Topics: List of Project Topics | prevalence of hiv/aids among intending donors | prevalence | hiv/aids | among Project Topics | researchcub.info