Background to the Study
Over the years, conflicts have been ravaging the black continent of Africa. These have been associated by violence, civil strife and incessant killings (Afisi 2009 and Afolabi 2009). The most dominant actors in this conflict are usually youths. These conflicts are usually accompanied with inccessant destruction of lives and property, huge economic loss, spread of endemic diseases, massive displacement of people and huge refugee crisis. The proliferation of small arms and light weapons, human and drug trafficking, illegal exploitation of natural resources and banditry can be categorised as other issues relating to conflicts and violence among youths (Afolabi 2009). No wonder Schmidt (2016) postulated that Africa brings an image of a continent in crisis, embedded with war and corruption, and imploding from disease and starvation.
In Nigeria, various violent conflict situations have erupted and the causes or sources have also been numerous. Take for example, between 1967 and 1970 the ethnic and cultural diversity of many Nigerians came to manifest into what was known as the Biafran civil war. Additionally, Nigeria has experienced at least four main military coups among general socio-political and economic inequalities. Other sources of conflict in Nigeria include the high level of mass discontent from the high rate of unemployment among youths, low standard of living, marginalisation of the masses, emasculation of labour and many other unresolved socia
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