The production and consumption of rice constitute a major stable food in Nigeria.
While it is also estimated that 60% of the world’s population consume the commodity. (Imolehin and Wada, 2000).In major cities in Africa rice has become a stable food for every home. WARDA (1996).In Nigeria the consumption and production of the commodity has become a stable commodity. However the production level is far below the demand for the commodity. According to Imolehin and Wada, 2000 the commodity rank the third position after wheat and maize production globally. The health benefit of rice consumption is enormous as it has the potential of improving nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development and sustain land mass. An estimated per capita consumption of rice globally stood at
40% between the years 1961-2002.Consequently rice consumption has continued to increase due to increase in population. Akande, (2003).The increase in the consumption of rice has not been matched with the production levels causing a short fall. The Nigerian agricultural development policy document is aimed at self-sufficiency in basic food commodities such as rice which constitute the large portion of Nigeria’s foreign exchange expenditure. It is believed that the policy will promote the level of production and consumption of rice in the country. The study seeks to proffer an assessment of key factors influencing rice production and marketing in Ebonyi state Nigeria.
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