Translate this page

Project Topics, List of Project Topics, Research Project Topics

DESIGN A VACUUM DISTILLATION UNIT FOR THE EFFICIENT PROCESSING OF 10 BARRELS PER DAY OF ATMOSPHERIC RESIDUE TO PRODUCE LIGHT VACUUM GAS OIL, HEAVY GAS OIL AND VACUUM RESIDUE



This research project material is available: DESIGN A VACUUM DISTILLATION UNIT FOR THE EFFICIENT PROCESSING OF 10 BARRELS PER DAY OF ATMOSPHERIC RESIDUE TO PRODUCE LIGHT VACUUM GAS OIL, HEAVY GAS OIL AND VACUUM RESIDUE



Download Complete Research Project Material on DESIGN A VACUUM DISTILLATION UNIT FOR THE EFFICIENT PROCESSING OF 10 BARRELS PER DAY OF ATMOSPHERIC RESIDUE TO PRODUCE LIGHT VACUUM GAS OIL, HEAVY GAS OIL AND VACUUM RESIDUE



Project Category:
Type: Project Topics | Project Topics and Materials | List of Project Topics | Research Project Materials | Journals | Thesis | Articles | Online Project Materials | Business Plan | Final year project topic| Format: Ms Word| Attribute: Documentation Only| Pages: 56 Pages| Chapters: Complete Research work from Chapter 1 to 5; All chapters | Price: ₦ 5,000.00



Call or whatsapp: +2347063298784 or email: allprojectmaterials.com

Download Post (MsWord)


Download Post (PDF)


Download complete Chapters



DESIGN A VACUUM DISTILLATION UNIT FOR THE EFFICIENT PROCESSING OF 10 BARRELS PER DAY OF ATMOSPHERIC RESIDUE TO PRODUCE LIGHT VACUUM GAS OIL, HEAVY GAS OIL AND VACUUM RESIDUE



CHAPTER ONE

                                                            INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background of the Study

Distillation is a unit operation that has been around for a long time and continues to be the primary method of separation in processing plants, in spite of its inherently low thermodynamic efficiency. The pre-eminence of distillation for the separation of fluid mixtures is not accidental, but fundamental, and therefore unlikely to be displaced (kister, 1992)

From a kinetic standpoint (kister, 1992) mass transfer per unit volume in distillation is limited only by the diffusional resistances on either side of the vapour-liquid interface in turbulent phases, with no inert present. In almost every other separation process, there are inert solvents or solid matrices, and these lower mass fluxes. Distillation has the potential for high mass transfer rates.

From a thermodynamic viewpoint, a typical thermodynamic efficiency of a distillation system is about 10 per cent (kister, 1992). This can be enhanced if inter-condensers and inter-reboilers are used.

In fact, it has been shown that conceptually, a distillation system can be devised, which requires only the minimum work of separation (kister, 1992).

Although, a thermodynamic efficiency of 10 per cent appears low, not many other processes are more efficient (Haselden, 1981)

Distillation in general provides the cheapest and best method for separating a liquid mixture from its components.

Distillation has evolved from simple laboratory procedure to prime separation in the crude oil refining processes.

The world crude oil refining capacity is approximately 82 million barrels per day equivalent to about 4,200 million tonnes (Mt) per annum. This capacity is currently provided by a total of 720 refineries. (Oche, November, 2014)

Nigeria has a total number of four (4) crude oil refineries located in Port-Harcourt, Warri and Kaduna, with a total refining capacity of 445,000BPD. Port-Harcourt has two refineries, one with a capacity of 60000BPD and the other 150000BPD, Warri refinery has a capacity of 125000BPD and Kaduna refinery-110000BPD. Despite the large amount of crude oil deposit, Nigeria continues to experience perpetual shortages of products due to poor configurations and inefficient operations of the refineries, resulting in frequent breakdowns occasioned by poor or lack of turn around maintenance. (Oche, November, 2014)

1.2       Statement of Problem

Distillation still remains the most important separation method in the pharmaceutical, fine chemical and petroleum industries (Ukeje-Eloagu, 1998). Throughout the chemical industry, the demand for purer products, coupled with a relentless pursuit of greater efficiency, has necessitated continued research into the techniques of distillation (Ukeje-Eloagu, 1998).

The industrial application of distillation is widespread. It is used commercially in the purification of many chemical compounds such glycerol, hydrogen peroxide, turpentine, and fatty acids. Distillation has also been employed for a number of years by the petroleum and coal tar industries for the separation of many products.

Despite the wide use of distillation, there has been a little limitation in separating the bottoms of the atmospheric distillation unit. These bottoms contain useful products which cannot be separated under atmospheric conditions. Continual heating of these bottom products will lead to their cracking (breaking) and therefore cause plugin of the transfer line of the column. This limitation impedes the distillation process and recovery of the important constituents of the bottom of the atmospheric distillation unit.

Vacuum distillation (distillation at reduced pressure) can often be used to separate substances which decompose at atmospheric conditions or to obtain an increased relative volatility. It is of particular value in separating materials which decompose or polymerise at their atmospheric boiling point temperature.

 

 

 

1.3       Aim and Objectives

The aim of this research work is to “design a vacuum distillation unit for the efficient processing of 10 barrels per day of atmospheric residue to produce light vacuum gas oil, heavy gas oil and vacuum residue”

The objectives of this research work are:

  1. Specify the degree of separation (i.e., product specification)
  2. Determination of the number of stages.
  3. Determination of reflux requirements.
  4. Select the type of contacting device (trays or packing)
  5. Column sizing (height, diameter, and number of real stages).
  6. Select the operating conditions for the column: temperature and vacuum pressure.
  7. Check flooding and weeping.

 

1.4       Significance of Study

Research work will present a simplified design of the vacuum distillation unit. Distillation processes have a determinant role in refining processes as it separates the crude oil into fractions, which are subsequently processed in other units or sent into storage.

This research work will increase appreciation and knowledge in distillation design. It can also be applied in the development of modular crude refinery to solve the problem of product shortages in Nigeria and Africa as a whole.

This research work when completed would help not only scale up but in the optimization of the entire petroleum refining process.

1.5       Scope of Study

The scope of this research work will be to give a study of the design of a vacuum distillation unit using the Liebman decomposition model. This research work shall be limited to the recovery of a binary product; vacuum gas oil and vacuum residue. Material and energy balance calculation will be carried out to ascertain the amount of feed and energy required by the unit. Determination of column dimensions and parameters using the McCabe-Thiele graphical method. Microsoft Excel spread sheet shall be used to plot the vapour-liquid equilibrium curve and also to obtain the number of stages.

Citation - Reference

All Project Materials Inc. (2020). DESIGN A VACUUM DISTILLATION UNIT FOR THE EFFICIENT PROCESSING OF 10 BARRELS PER DAY OF ATMOSPHERIC RESIDUE TO PRODUCE LIGHT VACUUM GAS OIL, HEAVY GAS OIL AND VACUUM RESIDUE. Available at: https://researchcub.info/department/paper-8955.html. [Accessed: ].

DESIGN A VACUUM DISTILLATION UNIT FOR THE EFFICIENT PROCESSING OF 10 BARRELS PER DAY OF ATMOSPHERIC RESIDUE TO PRODUCE LIGHT VACUUM GAS OIL, HEAVY GAS OIL AND VACUUM RESIDUE


Delivery Assurance: This Project material is delivered within 15-30 Minutes. Click below to download complete material.


Download Complete Project Material

Call: +2347063298784

Hire a Writer

Department

Search Word Tags:


A Review on design a vacuum distillation unit for the efficient processing of 10 barrels per day of atmospheric residue to produce light vacuum gas oil, heavy gas oil and vacuum residue, vacuum, residue, project, research journals and thesis, researchcub.info, chemistry project topics.
The scope of this research work will be to give a study of the design of a vacuum distillation unit using the Liebman decomposition model. This research work shall be limited to the recovery of a binary product; vacuum gas oil and vacuum residue. Material and energy balance calculation will be carried out to ascertain the amount of feed and energy required by the unit. Determination of column dimensions and parameters using the McCabe-Thiele graphical method. Microsoft Excel spread sheet shall be used to plot the vapour-liquid equilibrium curve and also to obtain the number of stages... Click here for more

DESIGN A VACUUM DISTILLATION UNIT FOR THE EFFICIENT PROCESSING OF 10 BARRELS PER DAY OF ATMOSPHERIC RESIDUE TO PRODUCE LIGHT VACUUM GAS OIL, HEAVY GAS OIL AND VACUUM RESIDUE - Research Journals and Thesis - Researchcub.info

Excellent and Professional research project topics, ideas and materials Website - researchcub.info

Undergraduate Project Topics, economics project topics, marketing project topics, business administration project topics, engineering project topics, computer science project topics, banking & finance project topics, education project topics, law project topics, sciences project topics, public administration project topics, political science project topics, mathematics project topics, medical science project topics, mass communication project topics, research projects, geology project topics, marketing project topics, agriculture project topics, Browse Thousands of Final Year Project Topics, hire a writer, Research Works and Materials, Project topics and materials in Nigeria, Undergraduate Project Topics, Research Works and Materials, research topics, research project materials, complete project materials, computer science project material, free project topics, complete projects, accounting topics, small business topics, entrepreneurship topics, project materials, Nigerian undergraduate projects, business administration projects, computer science topics and projects, MBA Nigerian project topics, human resources, small businesses, entrepreneurship projects, economics projects, impacts projects, effect projects, university projects, polytechnic projects, investigate projects, political science projects, mass communication projects, project topics, human resource projects, education projects, French topics, project analysis, French projects, project tips, project abstract, project proposals, project bibliography, project reference, project seminar, forex, TSA, treasury single account, currency, naira, devaluation, undergraduate projects, final project research, marketing project topics, statistics project topics, mathematics project topics, statistics, mathematics, research projects, project thesis, labour force theses, NCE, OND, HND, BTECH, BSC, MBA, MSC, English projects, linguistic project topics, Free Project topics and materials in Nigeria, research topics, reseach project materials, computer science project material, free, complete, accounting topics, small business topics, materials, nigeria projects, business administration projects, computer science topics and projects, MBA nigeria project topics, human resources, small business, entrepreneurship projects, economics projects, impact projects, effects projects, training, budgets, ghana, university, polytechnic, browse Free project materials and topics in Nigeria, accounting and finance project materials, business administration project materials and topics, human resources, entrepreneurship, computer science and engineering project materials and topics, Accounting project topics, Accounting project topics and materials, Agricultural Economics Project Topics and Materials, Agricultural Science Projects topics and materials, All Project topics and materials, Architecture Project topics and materials, Aviation project topics and materials, Banking & Finance Projects topics and materials, Biology project and materials, Building project topics and materials, Business Administration & Management Projects topics and materials, Chemical Engineering Project Topics and materials, Civil Engineering Projects topics and materials, Communication & mass communication art project topics and materials, Computer Engineering Project Topics and materials, Computer Science Projects topics and materials, Criminology project topics and materials, Economics Research Projects topics and materials, Education Project Topics and Materials, Electrical Engineering Projects and materials, English Education & English Language Project topics and materials, Food Science project topics and materials, Geology Project Topics and materials, Guidance Counseling Project Topics and materials, History project topics and materials, Home Economics Project Topics and Materials, Human Resource Projects topics and Materials, Industrial Chemistry Projects topics and materials, Insurance Projects topics and materials, Law project topics and materials, Library and information science project topics and materials, Marine and Transport management project topics and materials, Marketing Projects topics and materials, Mathematics project topics and materials, Medical Sciences Project Topics and materials, Microbiology project topics and materials, Nursing and Midwifery project topics, Nursing and Midwifery project topics and materials, Optometry or nursing project topics and materials, Petroleum Engineering project topics and materials, Pharmacy project topics and materials, Philosophy project topics and materials, Photography project topics and materials, Physical and Health Education project topics and materials, Physiology project topics and materials, Political science project topics and materials, Project topics and materials, Psychology project topics and materials, Random project, Religious and Cultural Studies Project Topics and Materials, Sociology and Anthropology Project topics and materials, Sociology Project Topics and materials, Tourism project topics and materials, Vocational education project topics and materials DESIGN A VACUUM DISTILLATION UNIT FOR THE EFFICIENT PROCESSING OF 10 BARRELS PER DAY OF ATMOSPHERIC RESIDUE TO PRODUCE LIGHT VACUUM GAS OIL, HEAVY GAS OIL AND VACUUM RESIDUE-vacuum- residue- project- Research Journals and Thesis | Researchcub.info