This research project concerned the study of
an appraisal of business social responsibility practiced by corporate
A case study of Anambra Motor Manufacturing
Company (ANAMMCO). Investigation were
made the money to support it should be obtained.
Since the study is aimed at appraising social
responsibility practice, by corporate organization.
The main instruments used for the collection
of data were questionnaires for primary data both structured and unstructured
Materials from libraries, company records and
other research units served as a source of secondary data.
The research ensured that the questionnaire
possessed to a large extent the characteristics necessary and adequate for the
purpose of validity and reliability. This
tool the form of pilot study to test the usefulness of the instrument. In my recommendations, the researcher
emphasized that no matter how minute social responsibility is, corporate
organizations should carry it out in order to improve the environment of the
community in which the business operates.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of content
List of table
Background of the study
Statement of the problem
Objectives of the study
Significance of the study
Scope and Limitation
Review of related literature
The evolution of the concept of social responsibility
Controversy over the concept of social responsibility
The case against social responsibility
The case for social responsibility
Neglect of social responsibility by Nigerian business
Company records on the performance of social responsibility
for a period of five years
Summary of literature review
Research design and methodology
Method and source of data
Population for the study
Determination of sample size
Method of investigation
The validity and reliability of measuring instrument
Method of data analysis
Presentation, analysis and interpretation of data
Summary of findings, conclusion and recommendation
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
In the early 1900’s the mission of business
firm was exclusively economic. Today,
partly due to interdependencies of many groups in on society, the social
involvement of business has increased.
There is a question as to what the social
responsibility of business really is. Moreover, the same question originally
asked of business is now being addressed with increasing frequency to the
people in government, universities, non-profit organization, charitable
organizations and even churches.
Thus: we talk about the social responsibility
and social responsiveness of all organisaiton although the focus of our study
is on corporate organisaiton.
Society awakened and vocal with respect to
the urgency of social problems is asking managers particularly those at the
top, what they are doing to discharge their social responsibilities and why
they are not doing more.
The concept of social responsibility is not
new, although the idea was already considered in the early part of the
twentieth century. The modern discussion
of social responsibility got a major impetus with the book social
responsibility of business men by Howard R. Bowen, who suggested that business
should consider the social implications of their decisions. The concept of social responsibility refers
to the firm’s consideration of and responses to the issues beyond the narrow
economic, technical and legal requirement of the firm. It is the firm’s obligation to evaluate in
its decision making process the effect of its decision on the external social systems
in a manner that should accomplish social benefits along with the traditional
economic gains which the firms seek.
In the recent years, the concept of social
responsibility of business managers have become a popular subject for
discussion and debate within both business and academic circle. The distinct phase namely:
a. Profit maximization management
b. Trusteeship management
c. Quality of life management
The phase one (profit maximization management)
believes that business managers have one objective which is to maximize
profit. Legal framework with the
environment of the firms operation was the only constrain. The origin of the view may be found in Adam
Smith’s wealth of the nations. The trusteeship
managers recognize the interest of the other groups. They are profit satisfiers that is they
balance the profit of the owners and the organization with the wages for
employees, taxes for the government, interest for the creditors and so forth.
The quality of life manage agrees that
selfish and group interest are important, but the society is good for the
company. He agrees that profit is
essential for the firm, but that profit is not the end of objective of the
firm. As far as money and wealth are
concerned, his set of values would tell him that money is important but people
are more important than money.
In today’s business world, there are people
who subscribe for the three phases of social responsibility concept. Perhaps the majority of the business managers
today adhere to phase two concept of social responsibility. Those businessmen emphasize on good wages and
working condition and forthright in dealing with their customers and suppliers. A growing number of academicians and business
executive appear to be accepting the phase two concept of social
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Oil spillage in some of the oil producing
states is alarming and some pollution caused by industries in on country is on
high rate in 1980s and early 1990. the
problems of communities where the oil operate bring these problems
constructively to the attention of the companies with which they have developed
a regular forum for meetings.
These companies have created ecological
disaster, gas flowing in the communities.
Therefore, the problem to be looked into in
this research is that corporate organizations do not bother about their social
responsibility to the environment where they operate.
Furthermore, poverty, lack of essential
facilities and unemployment are increasing in alarming proportion, as a result
of this, the need and expectations of the society are not by the business
organizations. Also, it seems that the
government provides the essential facilities needed by the society.
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The corporate organizations naturally have
their own mix and different emphasis. The
overall objectives of every organisation survival, growth, profit, economic
contributions and social obligation. It
is a known fact that firms in Nigeria lay more emphasis on profit maximization.
There have been many articles written by
Nigerians urging Nigeria companies to be socially responsible. In other words they urge that these companies
be more concerned with social issues than they are now.
However, these articles have largely ignored
the situational nature of Nigeria business organisaiton. The general small size and economic
development of the nation. It is
therefore the objective of this research to:
a. Enrich the literature of
b. To examine the general
attitude of ANAMMCO towards social responsibility.
c. To examine the consequences
of company ignoring its social responsibility.
d. To examine the problem which
hinder the performance of social responsibility by ANAMMCO.
e. To make recommendations
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The study is important because, it will not
only examine the attitude of business organizational towards the issues of
social responsibility. It will also help
these organisation in policy making decision in order to eliminate the negative
effects and consequences of these attitude in the discharge of social
Organizations must not assume tasks for which
they lack competence.
It will be of immense benefit to the people
who want to research more on this topic example students etc.
Another significance role of this research is
finding ways to improve relationship between the company and the society in
which it operates.
It enables managers of different
organizations to know actually what social responsibility is all about and it
will help them to know the difference between social problem and economic
In the case of the present – economic
condition, how can a business organisation carryout a successful social
responsibility? This study intends to
provide answers to these questions.
a. Could business organization
carryout a successful social responsibility practice?
b. Should social responsibility
c. In what form should social
d. Where should funds for
carrying out these social programme come from?
THE SCOPE AND LIMITATION
In the course of carrying out this work, the
researcher underwent a lot of difficulties as in going to liberties sourcing
for materials. She also encountered
financial problems and other problems as regards to the corporate organisaiton
(ANAMMCO) which she used as a case study.
Time was also a constraint to the researcher in the sense that some
officials who suppose to give information concerning the research work are not
always found on sit, this makes the researcher to frequent the company often
and on thereby wasting time as the company were afraid of giving the correct
data which could affect the research work.
Egbu, K.I. (1998)Groundwork of Research
Methods and Procedures, Institute for Development Studies, Enugu.
Heinz Welrich (1988) Management B y Harold Koontz, McGraw Hill Book