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ASSESSMENT OF THE FEEDING PRACTICES, VITAMIN A, IRON, ZINC AND ANTHROPOMETRICS STATUS OF UNDER-FIVE CHILDREN IN ORPHANAGES OF FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY ABUJA, NIGERIA.



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ASSESSMENT OF THE FEEDING PRACTICES, VITAMIN A, IRON, ZINC AND ANTHROPOMETRICS STATUS OF UNDER-FIVE CHILDREN IN ORPHANAGES OF FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY ABUJA, NIGERIA.



ABSTRACT

The study was undertaken to assess the feeding practices, anthropometric indices, vitamin A,

zinc and iron status of under-five orphans living in Federal Capital Territory orphanages, Abuja.

A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted using 200 orphans (96 males and 104 females)

aged between 0-5 years living in ten orphanages. The subjects were purposively selected for the

study and 20% of sub-sample was randomly selected for biochemical analysis and weighed food

intake assessment. Haemoglobin (Hb) and serum ferritin were used to assess anaemia and iron

status, respectively. Serum retinol was used to assess vitamin A status and serum zinc was used

to assess zinc status. The subjects were screened for malaria parasites and worm infection to

determine their possible impact on anaemia. C-reactive protein (CRP) was used as an indicator

for inflammation. Anthropometric information was assessed using height, weight and mid upper

arm circumference. Feeding practices and socioeconomic information were assessed using

questionnaires.

 

Dietary intake was determined using both food frequency questionnaire and

weighed food intake techniques. The values obtained from nutrient intakes were compared with

FAO/WHO recommended nutrients intake. Anaemia cut off was Hb < 11.0mg/dl, iron deficiency

cut off was serum ferritin levels below 12ug/dl and serum retinol < 20μg/dl showed marginal

vitamin A deficiency. Zinc deficiency was defined as a reading bellow 80μg/dl. There was high

prevalence of zinc deficiency (60.0%) in relation to 30.0% of iron and 20.0% of vitamin A

deficiencies among the under-five children. The prevalence of anaemia was 42.5%. The children

met the mean daily energy, protein, calcium, iron, thiamin and riboflavin intake. Zinc, vitamin A,

niacin and ascorbate were below the recommended allowance. When dietary iron, zinc and

vitamin A intake were correlated with the biochemical status of the children, adequate dietary

iron intake significantly (P<0.05) correlated with good ferritin and zinc status of the children.

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All Project Materials Inc. (2020). ASSESSMENT OF THE FEEDING PRACTICES, VITAMIN A, IRON, ZINC AND ANTHROPOMETRICS STATUS OF UNDER-FIVE CHILDREN IN ORPHANAGES OF FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY ABUJA, NIGERIA.. Available at: https://researchcub.info/department/paper-8282.html. [Accessed: ].

ASSESSMENT OF THE FEEDING PRACTICES, VITAMIN A, IRON, ZINC AND ANTHROPOMETRICS STATUS OF UNDER-FIVE CHILDREN IN ORPHANAGES OF FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY ABUJA, NIGERIA.


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The study was undertaken to assess the feeding practices, anthropometric indices, vitamin A, zinc and iron status of under-five orphans living in Federal Capital Territory orphanages, Abuja. A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted using 200 orphans (96 males and 104 females) aged between 0-5 years living in ten orphanages. The subjects were purposively selected for the study and 20% of sub-sample was randomly selected for biochemical analysis and weighed food intake assessment. Haemoglobin (Hb) and serum ferritin were used to assess anaemia and iron status, respectively. Serum retinol was used to assess vitamin A status and serum zinc was used to assess zinc status. The subjects were screened for malaria parasites and worm infection to determine their possible impact on anaemia. C-reactive protein (CRP) was used as an indicator for inflammation. Anthropometric information was assessed using height, weight and mid upper arm circumference. Feeding practices and socioeconomic information were assessed using questionnaires... Click here for more

ASSESSMENT OF THE FEEDING PRACTICES, VITAMIN A, IRON, ZINC AND ANTHROPOMETRICS STATUS OF UNDER-FIVE CHILDREN IN ORPHANAGES OF FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY ABUJA, NIGERIA. - Research Journals and Thesis - Researchcub.info

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