Translate this page

chemical composition of processed tender leaves and husks of cowp...

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF PROCESSED TENDER LEAVES AND HUSKS OF COWPEA AND ORGANOLEPTIC ATTRIBUTES OF THEIR SOUPS



This research project material is available: CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF PROCESSED TENDER LEAVES AND HUSKS OF COWPEA AND ORGANOLEPTIC ATTRIBUTES OF THEIR SOUPS



Download Complete Research Project Material on CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF PROCESSED TENDER LEAVES AND HUSKS OF COWPEA AND ORGANOLEPTIC ATTRIBUTES OF THEIR SOUPS



Project Category:
Type: Project Topics | Project Topics and Materials | List of Project Topics | Research Project Materials | Journals | Thesis | Articles | Online Project Materials | Business Plan | Final year project topic| Format: Ms Word| Attribute: Documentation Only| Pages: 40 Pages| Chapters: Complete Research work from Chapter 1 to 5; All chapters | Price: ₦ 5,000.00



Call or whatsapp: +2347063298784 or email: allprojectmaterials.com

Download Post (MsWord)


Download Post (PDF)


Download complete Chapters



CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF PROCESSED TENDER LEAVES AND HUSKS OF COWPEA AND ORGANOLEPTIC ATTRIBUTES OF THEIR SOUPS



ABSTRACT

The study examined the chemical composition of fresh, sundried tender leaves and husks of cowpea

‘Adengee’ (Vigna unguiculata) and organoleptic attributes of their traditional soups. Information on

processing, preparation and utilization of soup meals based on cowpea leaves and husks were obtained during the focus group discussion. The tender leaves and husks were parboiled and sundried. Proximate, micronutrients, phytochemicals and antinutrient levels were determined using standard procedures. The soups based on fresh and sundried leaves and husks were analysed prior to sensory evaluation. The data collected were statistically analysed using means, standard deviation and standard error. All values were based on residual moisture. Protein for dried leaves was higher (p<0.05) (39.24 vs. 21.98 and 13.95%) than those of fresh leaves and dried husks. Dried leaves and husks had lower fat than the control (1.31 and 0.75 vs. 9.10%) (p<0.05). Sun drying increased ash in both dried leaves and husks (14.74 and 10.86 vs. 4.82%). The lower value for fibre in the dry samples was rather surprising (14.20 and 20.42 vs.25.13%) (p<0.05). Carbohydrate significantly increased more in dried husks than in dried leaves. (53.76 Vs. 30.22%) (p<0.05).The micronutrients in both dried leaves and husks were reduced due to their volatile nature. Tannins, saponins, flavonoids and polyphenols decreased significantly (p<0.05) in processed samples due to drying. Soups based on dried leaves (DS) had higher protein (p<0.05) relative to the soup based on dried husks (HS) and fresh leaves (FS) (34.40 vs.34.10 and 33.30%).

 

Similarly, husks based soups had higher fat (34.10 vs.34.05 and 31.44%)(p<0.05) Ash was higher in dried leaves based soup(7.83%) and fresh leaves soup (7.20%).

Fibre for the husks based soup was higher (p<0.05) relative to fresh and dried leaves based soups

(6.13 vs.5.58 and 6.11%, respectively). The carbohydrate levels were generally appreciable. All soups

had appreciable levels of calcium, phosphorus and iron. These minerals varied significantly amongst

the soups (p<0.05). Zinc and iodine also differed (p<0.05).β-carotene content of soup based on fresh

leaves was higher (p<0.05) relative to those based on dried leaves and husks (6.08 vs.5.07 and

5.46RE).Vitamin C varied significantly (0.90 to 1.10mg) in soups based on fresh leaves and dried

husks. Tannins, saponins, polyphenols and flavonoids in soups based on fresh leaves and dried husks were comparable. Anti nutrients levels in all soups were generally low. Scores for all organoleptic attributes of the three soups were more than half (6.17 to 7.70) of the 9-point scale. The soups were generally acceptable. As judged by the results, cowpea leaves, husks and their soups have high nutrient potentials to justify its cultivation, consumption promotion and diversification. Consumption related information such as nutritional properties should be packaged and extensively promoted to broaden the knowledge of health and nutritional benefits of consuming cowpea leaves and husks. The results demonstrate that, there is a potential in developing multi-purpose varieties with good performance, which are well-yielding in both leaves and seeds. Therefore, production related information, such as variety, yields and cultivation practices as well as processing should be packaged and made available to extension personnel and governmental agricultural research institutes that often have a good outreach to farmers.

 

 

Citation - Reference

All Project Materials Inc. (2020). CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF PROCESSED TENDER LEAVES AND HUSKS OF COWPEA AND ORGANOLEPTIC ATTRIBUTES OF THEIR SOUPS. Available at: https://researchcub.info/department/paper-8269.html. [Accessed: ].

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF PROCESSED TENDER LEAVES AND HUSKS OF COWPEA AND ORGANOLEPTIC ATTRIBUTES OF THEIR SOUPS


Delivery Assurance: This Project material is delivered within 15-30 Minutes. Click below to download complete material.


Download Complete Project Material

Call: +2347063298784

Hire a Writer

Department

Search Word Tags:


A Review on chemical composition of processed tender leaves and husks of cowpea and organoleptic attributes of their soups, leaves, husks, soups, research journals and thesis, researchcub.info, agricultural extension project topics.
The study examined the chemical composition of fresh, sundried tender leaves and husks of cowpea ‘Adengee’ (Vigna unguiculata) and organoleptic attributes of their traditional soups. Information on processing, preparation and utilization of soup meals based on cowpea leaves and husks were obtained during the focus group discussion. The tender leaves and husks were parboiled and sundried. Proximate, micronutrients, phytochemicals and antinutrient levels were determined using standard procedures. The soups based on fresh and sundried leaves and husks were analysed prior to sensory evaluation. The data collected were statistically analysed using means, standard deviation and standard error. All values were based on residual moisture. Protein for dried leaves was higher (p<0.05) (39.24 vs. 21.98 and 13.95%) than those of fresh leaves and dried husks. Dried leaves and husks had lower fat than the control (1.31 and 0.75 vs. 9.10%) (p<0.05). Sun drying increased ash in both dried leaves and husks (14.74 and 10.86 vs. 4.82%). The lower value for fibre in the dry samples was rather surprising (14.20 and 20.42 vs.25.13%) (p<0.05). Carbohydrate significantly increased more in dried husks than in dried leaves. (53.76 Vs. 30.22%) (p<0.05).The micronutrients in both dried leaves and husks were reduced due to their volatile nature. Tannins, saponins, flavonoids and polyphenols decreased significantly (p<0.05) in processed samples due to drying. Soups based on dried leaves (DS) had higher .. Click here for more

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF PROCESSED TENDER LEAVES AND HUSKS OF COWPEA AND ORGANOLEPTIC ATTRIBUTES OF THEIR SOUPS - Research Journals and Thesis - Researchcub.info

Excellent and Professional research project topics, ideas and materials Website - researchcub.info

Undergraduate Project Topics, economics project topics, marketing project topics, business administration project topics, engineering project topics, computer science project topics, banking & finance project topics, education project topics, law project topics, sciences project topics, public administration project topics, political science project topics, mathematics project topics, medical science project topics, mass communication project topics, research projects, geology project topics, marketing project topics, agriculture project topics, Browse Thousands of Final Year Project Topics, hire a writer, Research Works and Materials, Project topics and materials in Nigeria, Undergraduate Project Topics, Research Works and Materials, research topics, research project materials, complete project materials, computer science project material, free project topics, complete projects, accounting topics, small business topics, entrepreneurship topics, project materials, Nigerian undergraduate projects, business administration projects, computer science topics and projects, MBA Nigerian project topics, human resources, small businesses, entrepreneurship projects, economics projects, impacts projects, effect projects, university projects, polytechnic projects, investigate projects, political science projects, mass communication projects, project topics, human resource projects, education projects, French topics, project analysis, French projects, project tips, project abstract, project proposals, project bibliography, project reference, project seminar, forex, TSA, treasury single account, currency, naira, devaluation, undergraduate projects, final project research, marketing project topics, statistics project topics, mathematics project topics, statistics, mathematics, research projects, project thesis, labour force theses, NCE, OND, HND, BTECH, BSC, MBA, MSC, English projects, linguistic project topics, Free Project topics and materials in Nigeria, research topics, reseach project materials, computer science project material, free, complete, accounting topics, small business topics, materials, nigeria projects, business administration projects, computer science topics and projects, MBA nigeria project topics, human resources, small business, entrepreneurship projects, economics projects, impact projects, effects projects, training, budgets, ghana, university, polytechnic, browse Free project materials and topics in Nigeria, accounting and finance project materials, business administration project materials and topics, human resources, entrepreneurship, computer science and engineering project materials and topics, Accounting project topics, Accounting project topics and materials, Agricultural Economics Project Topics and Materials, Agricultural Science Projects topics and materials, All Project topics and materials, Architecture Project topics and materials, Aviation project topics and materials, Banking & Finance Projects topics and materials, Biology project and materials, Building project topics and materials, Business Administration & Management Projects topics and materials, Chemical Engineering Project Topics and materials, Civil Engineering Projects topics and materials, Communication & mass communication art project topics and materials, Computer Engineering Project Topics and materials, Computer Science Projects topics and materials, Criminology project topics and materials, Economics Research Projects topics and materials, Education Project Topics and Materials, Electrical Engineering Projects and materials, English Education & English Language Project topics and materials, Food Science project topics and materials, Geology Project Topics and materials, Guidance Counseling Project Topics and materials, History project topics and materials, Home Economics Project Topics and Materials, Human Resource Projects topics and Materials, Industrial Chemistry Projects topics and materials, Insurance Projects topics and materials, Law project topics and materials, Library and information science project topics and materials, Marine and Transport management project topics and materials, Marketing Projects topics and materials, Mathematics project topics and materials, Medical Sciences Project Topics and materials, Microbiology project topics and materials, Nursing and Midwifery project topics, Nursing and Midwifery project topics and materials, Optometry or nursing project topics and materials, Petroleum Engineering project topics and materials, Pharmacy project topics and materials, Philosophy project topics and materials, Photography project topics and materials, Physical and Health Education project topics and materials, Physiology project topics and materials, Political science project topics and materials, Project topics and materials, Psychology project topics and materials, Random project, Religious and Cultural Studies Project Topics and Materials, Sociology and Anthropology Project topics and materials, Sociology Project Topics and materials, Tourism project topics and materials, Vocational education project topics and materials CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF PROCESSED TENDER LEAVES AND HUSKS OF COWPEA AND ORGANOLEPTIC ATTRIBUTES OF THEIR SOUPS-leaves- husks- soups- Research Journals and Thesis | Researchcub.info