The objective of this study was to determine the impact of
motivation on workers productivity of staff of tertiary institution with
particular reference to both the academic staff and non-academic staff of the
tertiary institution in Ijebu-Ode Metropolis, South Western in Nigeria. Fifty
(50) staffs were surveyed using descriptive questionnaire. The questionnaire
contained twenty research questions covering the indices of motivation
considered in this. All the questionnaires were distributed accidentally, and
49 (forty-nine) out of fifty (50) questionnaire were completed and returned
giving a 98percent return rate. The 49 (forty-nine) completed questionnaire
were analyzed using a simple percentage for the demographic data of the
respondents and‘t’-test to test the hypothesis.
To improve on performance and productivity of the staffs,
management should motivate them by paying good salary, improve their working
condition/environment, accord them proper recognition and improve the staff
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Motivation is concerned with why people do what they do. It
answers such question as why do managers or workers go to work and do a good
job. This tries to explain what motivates people to act the way they do, with
primary focus on the work place. It is the primary task of the manager to
create and maintain on environment in which employees can work efficiently to
realize the objective of the organization.
Employees differ not only in their ability to work but also
in their will to do so (motivation). To motivate is to induce, persuade,
stimulate, even compel, an employee to act in a manner which fulfils the
objectives of an organization. The motivation of employee depends on the
strength of their motives. Motives are needs, wants, drives, or impulse within
the individual, and these determine human behavior.
Motivation then is the process of:
Sustaining behavior in progress, and
Channeling behavior into a specific course of action.
Thus, motives (needs, desires) induce employees to act.
Motivation, therefore, is the inner state that energizes, channels, and
sustains human behavior. Since it has been established that all behavior except
involving responses are goals directed, manager can apply motivational theories
of management in their attempt to direct the job behavior of employees towards
the goal of their establishment.
1.2. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Workers carelessly work in the organization due to what
motivates them. Some leave their organizations due to the fact that they are
not motivated enough while some earnestly and honestly perform their roles in
the organization due to what motivates them such as promotion, bonus, leave
bonus, seminars, increment in salary, workshops e.t.c. which awaken their
1.3. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The study is to ascertain the motivational package of Tai
Solarin University of Education.
To ascertain the application of the motivation techniques by
the organization/institution concerned.
To know the problem inhibiting the success of the employees
motivation in the organization.
To know the response of the employees to motivational
techniques adopted by the organization.
To provide solutions and recommendation where necessary on
the best and effective motivational techniques used in the organization.
1.4. RESEARCH QUESTIONS
What are the motivational packages used by your institution?
What are the motivational techniques applied by your
Is there any problem inhibiting the success of the
employee’s motivation in the institution?
Does the employees respond to the motivational techniques
adopted by the institution?
Is there any solutions or recommendations on the effective
motivational techniques used in the institution?