research study is concerned with the effect of store design on materials
handling a case study of Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN) kaduna for
better understanding of the work effort was made at the introduction stage to
explain the general importance of store design with special consideration being
placed on its impact in an industry especially Power Holding Company of Nigeria
(PHCN) kaduna. The general problem was also emphasized on such problems as
negligence of management of store activities, construction cost, poor storage
design. Also discussed is objective of the study which include, to examine the
effect of store design on materials handling to ascertain difficulties
associated with store design on materials handling. The significant of the
study to the academic, the organization, the entire populace and the researcher
is also discussed research question was also derived which include to know if
store design have effect on material handling and the difficulties associated
with store design. The survey research designed is adopted simple sampling
procedure was employed. The researcher used questionnaire, interview and
documentary source techniques too retrieve data. The likert four rating scale
techniques is adopted to analyse the data. Finding made among which are, that
store design have a great effect on materials handling activities in the
organization that the organization store design is often faced with
difficulties and that engagement of professional will help to curb the
difficulties faced by the store design. Also the researcher included that the
design of store should be in accordance with the store operational activities
of the firms, that the organization placed on importance consideration on store
design and lastly amongst recommendation made are, the engagement of professional
in the management of he store design activities of the organization, align the
store design with the organization activities to effect the effectiveness of
the activities and that the top management should give a considerable support
to the design of the store activities to ensure its effectiveness.
1.1 Background of the Study
store is an essential limb of an organization. It is the depository of all
materials required by the organizations in the organization and supplies
materials as an when required.
is important to note that the store is an area of great expenditure in
manufacturing and assembling plant. It is true that store function is a major
cost centre which make use of 70-75% annual budget of the firm (Dangana 2005)
and thus it can affect saving and therefore contribute significantly and
therefore contribute significantly to the profit of the organization.
in today’s highly competitive and globalized business world, store design is of
great importance as a substantial number of instances have show that people
charge with the function and responsibility of designing and managing the store
are given little or no attention in the organization. This may be as a result
of poor understanding store design or inappropriate application of it.
so, the variety of items sometimes, store is so large that a planned system is
necessary to keep the secured and in order. The stored items should be
identified and issues with minimum effort and minimum time. Thus this calls for
a store structure suitable to carry on various activities efficiently and
productivity and developing a system that ensure safety of men and materials.
often the design of a store house determiners to a large extent the materials
movement pattern and the limited type of handling equipment that can be used.
This result in fact that most customers demand for goods and services within
and outside the organization are incremental in nature as they opt for speedy,
convenient and reliable delivery of materials and service.
the need to curtail the amount of waste and improve the level of customer’s
service within such organization has brought the use of the term store design
ad its impact in materials handling. It should also be noted at this junction that
any knowledge of how a store should be designed must incorporate the knowledge
of how a store should be designed must incorporate the knowledge of how
materials would be moved.
the research work develops the effective utilization of store design and it
prospect in the organization with reference to enhancing and ensuring effective
materials handling in the organization.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
vital decision that firms make is how to design and where locate their storage
facilities. This decision goes a long way in determining the extent to which
the firm will achieve its objectives. That is to get products and services to
customer faster and at lesser cost to the firm and customers.
to manage the activities effectively can result in inefficiencies that out
weigh gains or benefit in good management of such vital activities as transportation
materials handing, inventory management and maintenance and information flow.
organizations are faced with various problems to design a store house. Some of
these problems may include; construction cost, cost of installation, cost of
land, rate levied upon the new building by local authority and cost of survey,
planning designing. Other problems may also include cost of materials handling
i.e (equipment needed to load and off load materials and also for transporting
materials), cost of storage equipment needed, and payment to building contact
and for other incidental cost.
a result, a poor storage design will result in poor performance such as
materials damages and obsolescence, theft and pilfering, poor communication
network, difficulties in the movement of materials within and outside etc
regardless of the firms position in the industry or its product acceptability
in other location.
1.3 Objective of the Study
To examine the effect of store design on
To ascertain difficulties associated
with store design on materials handing.
To identify necessary solution to curb
To determine the degree of importance of
placed to store building in PHCN.
1.4 Significance of the Study
findings of the research will be useful to power holding company of Nigeria
(PHCN) Kaduna as it will enhance or improve the store design system and
techniques effectively and efficiently.
researchers may find findings of the researcher as a reference point
particularly for those who may wish to carry out further research on the
related field under study.
the entire populace, that come across this research work, the research work
will provide them with the knowledge on the important store design on material
handling is to an organization and it will also add value to their knowledge.
Also it will serve as pre-requisite for the award of Higher National Diploma
(HND) in Purchasing and Supply management.
1.5 Scope of the Study
research work is based on the effects of store design on materials handling
with consideration to power holding company of Nigeria (PHCN) Kaduna. Ali Akilu
road Kaduna north local government. The research work will be centered on the
effect of store design on materials handling in the organization with regard to
the management and staff of PHCN.
findings of this research work will primarily base on the data from the stores,
distribution, marketing and production management of power holding company of
Nigeria located at Ali Akilu road kaduna north local government kaduna.
1.6 Research Questions
Does store design have any effect on
What are the difficulties associated
with store design?
What are the solution to curb these
What is the degree of importance placed
on store building in PHCN?
1.7 Definition of Terms
is a place where items may be accumulated or routinely kept. It is set up in
order to receive, inspect, hold and issue all assets of an organization while
helping to maintain its original quality and balance flow of materials as well
as achieving the very important roles of store function.
the way that something has been planned or made to draw or plan something that
will be made, done or built in other to permit a smooth handling and storage of
materials at the lowest possible cost.
could be described as the planning and layout of store house structure to
permit smooth handling and storage of store at the lowest possible.
as that operational activity involving manuals or automated movement of
materials and other goods from one location to another within an organization
or time in good condition and efficiently.
a board for laying thing on or this is pieces of woods or iron that are placed
on the wall where goods and other office materials are kept. In some places
they are designed in cubes.
a sample device that place mechanically operated forks under a load so that it
can be raised up from grounds and are usually made of woods.
this is a long and normally a narrow way in store house and environment for
operating of handling equipment to facilitated movement of materials in and out
of the store.
this is an open storage space with an organization in other words. It is a type
of store not housed but segregated purposely for storage not of non perishable.
is the process of accepting from all resource all materials and parts which are
used in the organization including supplier for manufacturing, plant
maintenance officer, capital installation and finished products.
change produced by an action or the result produced from the collusion of two
or more variables.
are artificially continued structure with procedures and objectives defining
responsibilities and highlighting who does what they of job task.
refer o terms being selected from stock and when marshaled documented loaded
and subsequently delivered to their given destination.