EVALUATING THE PROBLEMS OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA



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EVALUATING THE PROBLEMS OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA



Abstract

The study evaluates the problems of solid waste management in Nigeria. The study has the following objectives:to examine the consequences of poor solid waste management in Nigeria and to identify the strategies that has been adopted in solid waste management in Nigeria.

It also explained the mode of data collection and analysis; data for this study was collected from the respondents through the use of questionnaires. Questionnaires were shared to all 32 respondents of the organization, and field surveys through responses to questions in the questionnaire served as the main source of primary data for this study.The researcher discarded other alternatives such as the causal and explanatory research designs, because accurate findings and data analysis may not be achieved. Other information was collected from text books, journals and other secondary sources of data.Base on fining the study has the sample size of thirty-two (32).

Findings from the study revealed that wastes are not properly managed in Akwa Ibom state, poor solid waste management leads to flooding, poor solid waste management does not make the environment unhealthy, strategies have been put in place for proper solid waste management in Akwa Ibom state and solid waste management has not been effective in Nigeria.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

1.7 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

2.1.1 POPULATION, RESOURCE, POLLUTION (P.R.P) MODEL:

2.1.2 CONCEPT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

 

2.2 LITERATURE REVIEW

2.2.2 SOURCES OF WASTE

2.2.3 WASTE MANAGEMENT METHODS

2.2.4 PROBLEMS OF WASTE DISPOSAL

2.2.5 PROSPECT OF OUR ENVIRONMENT

CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.0INTRODUCTION                                                                      3.1 STUDY AREA

3.2 RESEARCH DESIGN

3.3 POPULATION OF THE STUDY

3.4 POPULATION SIZE AND TECHNIQUE

3.5 DATA COLLECTION METHOD

3.6 DATA ANALYSIS

3.7 LIMITATION

CHAPTER FOUR

DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

4.1:  GENDER DISTRIBUTION

 4.2: OCCUPATIONAL DISTRIBUTION

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

5.1   SUMMARY OF FINDING

5.2   CONCLUSION

5.3   RECOMMENDATION

BIBLIOGRAPHY

APPENDIX

QUESTIONNAIRE

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Solid wastes comprise all the wastes arisingfrom human and animal activities that arenormally solid, discarded as useless or unwanted.Also included are by- products of process linesor materials that may be required by law to bedisposed of (Okecha 2000). Solid waste can beclassified in a number of ways, on the basis ofsources, environmental risks, utility and physicalproperty. On the basis of source, solid wastesare again classified as: Municipal Solid Wastes,Industrial Solid Wastes and Agricultural SolidWastes.Nigeria’s major urban centres are todayfighting to clear mounting heaps of solid wastefrom their environments. These strategic centresof beauty, peace and security are being overtakenby the messy nature of over flowing dumpsunattended heaps of solid wastes emanatingfrom household or domestic or kitchen sources,markets, shopping and business centres. Cityofficials appear unable to combat unlawful andhaphazard dumping of hazardous commercialand industrial wastes which are a clear violationof the clean Air and Health Edicts in our environmentalsanitation laws, rules and regulation.

Refuse generation and its likely effects on thehealth, quality of environment and the urbanlandscape have become burning national issuesin Nigeria today. All stakeholders concern withthe safety and the beautification of our environmenthave come to realize the negative consequencesof uncleared solid human wastes

found in residential neighborhoods, markets,schools, and central business districts in ourcities. These solid wastes have become recurringfeatures in our urban environment. It is nolonger in doubt that Nigerian cities are inundated withthe challenges of uncleared solid wastes. As aresult, urban residents are often confronted withthe hazardous impact to their collective healthand safety.

A United Nations Report (August 2004)noted with regret that while developing countriesare improving access to clean drinking waterthey are falling behind on sanitation goals.At one of its summit in 2000 (Uwaegbelun 2004)revealed that The World Health Organization-(WHO 2004) and United Nations InternationalChildren Education Fund- (UNICEF 2004) jointreport in August 2004 that: “about 2.4 billionpeople will likely face the risk of needlessdisease and death by the target of 2016 becauseof bad sanitation”. The report also noted thatbad sanitation – decaying or non-existentsewage system and toilets- fuels the spread ofdiseases like cholera and basic illness likediarrhea, which kills a child every 21 seconds.

Citation - Reference

All Project Materials Inc. (2020). EVALUATING THE PROBLEMS OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA. Available at: https://researchcub.info/department/paper-5444.html. [Accessed: ].

EVALUATING THE PROBLEMS OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA


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