home is a first contact of a child in life hence it is a place where comfort,
love, tranquility and refuge are expected to be adequately and unconditionally
provided, it is also a place where people congregate their living practices.
Home is a primary agent of socialization and internalization, a child’s social
outlooks, educational agilities and achievements coupled with his intelligence
is a reflection of his home setting and which usually associated with his
family background in totality. As a result of these, home is any child’s
environment of which the child can not do without referring to at one time or
the other as regards to certain issues. Therefore home is a determining factor
in any child’s behaviour and thus influences his academic performance. The home
consist of the children’s vicinity and apartment where they rest their head. It
is abundantly clear that a successful learning and reading requires a conducive
and decent atmosphere.
relationship between couple must be cordial in order to be breed peaceful coexistence
and understanding. But lack of understanding among couples breeds frustration
and sorrow to the children and the family as a whole.
1.2 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
influence of broken homes on students’ academic performance is designed to
unveil the state of mind of the individual child in context as a result of the
family background and its likely effects or influence on both academic
performance and subsequent formation of philosophy in life.
critical examination of a child whose parents are separated and being trained
either by his step father or mother a relative or guidance may be subjected to
unpleasant environment that could alter his normal disposition trite that could
foster and facilitate normal expectation of his academic performance. There is
great prospensity for a child from broken home to mingle and associate with
miscreant due to his explosive street hawking by his guidance. The end result
of this exposure are emulation of all
negative habit, such as stealing, gambling, pilfering, disobedient, truancy and
other odd values, instead of staying in the school to learn. Unarguably, the
child becomes problem, mentally and physically not only to himself but to the
society in general which invariably affects his academic performance.
aim of marriage is to enable couple to live together and bring up their
children in a healthy atmosphere with sound education, so that such children
would be able to live an independent and purposeful live. It is not only when the marriage collapse or
couples are separated or divorce that a home is regarded broken. The type of
love, cordial relationship and understanding that exist between couples is a
clear indication of the type of home built.
broken home is a home where the children are left to their own idea, belief and
traits due to lack of care, affection and control by their parents. The causes
of broken home could be traced to lack of understanding between couples,
childlessness, persistent delivery of same sex by wife against the desire of
her husband (for example female against male), parental interference into the
affairs and management of couples, bad associates, infidelity poverty, cultural
and individual variations, irresponsible behaviors, such as coming home lately
from work, complaining of non-payment of salary after he might have squandered
his salary somewhere unprofitable, negligence of paternal responsibilities such
as children education, care, health, provision of food and other basic needs, bringing
other women (concubine) to his matrimonial home. Such marriage /union is prone
to disintegration, when this happens parents would not be able to bring up
their children with one voice, this is another militating factor against
children performance at school. A child from broken home is likely to stay away
from school without plausible reason, such a child will take the advantage of
the fact that his parents can no longer monitor his movement.
children from broken homes are characterized by laziness, low intelligence quotient,
bad and anti-social behaviour, once there is separation, the child will not be
opportuned to settle down for a peaceful life with own parent or the
argued in his theory of sequential development, that man has five basic needs, in
hierarchical order, the need for belongingness and love takes priority and the
likely place a child gets this is from his parents but once these elude him
owing to parental inability to such provision it hinders the overall
development of the child and to an extreme it disturbs the child’s emotion,
social and academic performances.
1.3 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
influence of home on students’ academic performance is the concern of teachers,
school authority and society as a whole. Despite the fact that society and
people are at the receiving end of the disastrous effects of broken homes, yet
some couples seek divorce in courts while many simply dissolve their marriage
or union silently and unceremoniously.
research work is to enquire if the students academic performance is as a result
of broken home or nonchalant altitude of students towards the school work.
1.4 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
study is being conducted for the propose of:-
To prevent broken home as to improve
the standard of education of the students.
To built a happy homes among couples
To show parents reasons to endures,
tolerating one other and protect their homes.
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
order to profer solutions to the problems of the study, the following questions
would be asked:-
Does academic performance of children
from broken home different from those from intact home?
Does attitude of children from broken
home different from those from intact home?
Does cordial relationship of parents
affect academic performance of students from broken home and those from intact
1.6 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
following hypotheses were formulated to be tested:-
is no significant disparity in the academic performance of students from broken
is significant disparity in the academic performance of students from intact
is no appreciable difference in the attitude of children from broken home.
is appreciable difference in the altitude of children from intact home.
Ho: There is no significant difference in the
interpersonal relationship of students from broken home.
Hi: There is
significant difference in the interpersonal relationship of students from
1.7 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
study is an eye-opener to parents, it will enable them to know the model they
portray before their children, adverse effects of an option for divorce or
separation will be known before taken. In the other hand guidance will also
benefit from this study as it will enable them to understand better on how to
handle victims and the types of attention treatment to be given.
as a conventional custodian of socialization would better understand the victim
(child) and his family background and ways to further assisting him towards his
academic achievement. The study will also assist marriage counselors better on
how and type of pre-marriage and post marriage counseling to be given to
prospective and qualified parents on how their marital affairs should be
handled and protected by advising parents on life after divorce/separation
concerning their children.
1.8 DELIMINATION OF THE STUDY
project is to cover Ikorodu local Government Area in Lagos State.
It is also to cover three school and samples are randomly taken at the senior
1.9 OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF
BROKEN HOME:- This
is a home where the children are left to their own facts of life due to lack of
care affection and control.
is a home where parents and children live in harmony, a home characterized by
love, care, affection and control.
the view of an individual concerning interaction with both the outside world
and his home, the idea or perception of a child about a social setting- is it
friendly, hostile rigid, personality and cultural make up?
is the environmental conditions or circumstance especially of childhood and
youth that contributes to the formation of an individual characters,
personality and cultural make up?
can simply be defined as the early training given to a child.
signifies a home where both parents ( father and mother) do not live under the
is a process of, or permanent separation or division of the relationship
between husband and wife due to a legal dissolution in a whole or part of a
marriage relationship usually by a court or any institution of competent