1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Nowadays education plays a great role in
development of any country. Many of education organizations try to increase education
quality. One of the aspects of this improvement is managing of school resources
With growth of internet many of education
organizations perform management of education resources online. However, the
sites developed by those organizations support a few languages and have to be
redesigned in case new languages are required to be added or interface of the
entire site is required to be changed. The redesigning process takes a long
time since thousand lines of code should be rewritten or modified (Bernhardt, 2002).
Taking all these disadvantages into account the
system that manages school resources and supports multi languages and whose
interface can be changed without rewriting all the code can be designed. To
meet all requirements the system also can run on different platforms. All of
those aspects of the system can be achieved by using XML. However XML is a
simple text format that should be transformed to html format. To perform this
transform XSL should be used. In addition the system can be designed in such a
way that it runs for a single school or for different schools. The single
school implementation can be achieved using the PHP technology. However, the
implementation for different schools can be server the messages are sent using
Simple Object Access Protocol.
Based on this assumptions and facts the system
capable of working on different platforms and supporting multi language was
designed. The implemented system takes advantages from XML technology (Corbett et al, 1987). Hence,
making easier to change view of entire system by performing XSL transformation
of XML interfaces into HTML pages. The multi language support is achieved by
storing words, which are used in the system, in the database. The
implementation of the system was done using PHP and Web Services technologies,
allowing system to be run locally or in distributed mode. When the system works
in distributed mode the system’s one part namely server handles requests
obtained from client via Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) 1.1 and sends
respond messages if needed via SOAP 1.1.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
help promote students achievement and success, schools must have access to
complete, accurate, and timely information about students. One of the benefits
of automated School Management System is that the student record system will
simplify retrieval of required information and is a great instrument for school
improvement by taking measures from the information acquired (Cooper et
Despite the use of automated SMS, the government schools in Nigeria are using
paper based documentation system for performing various tasks and the school
administrators apply their knowledge of hit and miss approach in scheduling
classes and courses (preparing the timetable) which wastes manpower and much
time unnecessarily that does not utilize the current technology.
of students are prepared manually by the record officer and teachers. Report
cards are produced by the home-room teachers. Attendance of students is recorded
by the home-room teachers. In order to control absentees and know the number of
days that a student has been absent from the school during the school days the
attendance officer has to collect the attendance slips from the corresponding
homeroom teachers and compile it which is also a time taking process. In
addition to that retrieving records of students who have graduated couple of
years ago has been a difficult task and the manual system also has difficulty
of producing different reports which are required by the stakeholders such as
teachers, administrators or officials.
may want to associate a student with his parent or emergency persons for
disciplinary measures which need searching of the students record in the record
office. It has been difficult to search a record from thousands of such records
and observed that students can take any person claiming that he/she is their
parent or emergency person which creates problem in control of students.
Due to the inefficiency of the current manual
system, the need arises to automate School Management System in order to
efficiently handle students’ attendance, to produce transcript, report cards
and the various reports satisfying users and customers and to produce timetable
which can schedule courses for teachers and classes of students (Bober, 2001) .
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The main aim of the study is design and implements
a school management system. Specific objectives of the study are:
design and implement a secure school management system for registration and
admission of students.
design and implement a school management system that will keep track of student
information such as school fees and results.
design and implement a school management system that will be user friendly for
school proprietors to effectively manage resources of the school.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The use of School Management System has the
significance effect and this can be enumerated as follows:
help the school to know the pedigree of all the student admitted into the
create a storage of large volume of data on school records.
assist the school management for easily identification of students.
prevents students to involve themselves any havoc happening in the school because
of the fear tracking them.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This project is aimed at how the institute can
improve the efficiency of the services. School Management System is one the
application involves almost all the features of the information system? The
futures implementation will be online help for users to obtain information.
1.6 ORGANIZATION OF THE RESEARCH
This project is divided into five chapter one
gives a generation introduction, theoretical background, statement of the
problem, aim and objective (s) of the study, significance of the study, scope
of the study, organization of the research and definition of the terms.
Chapter two handles introduction, literature
review highlighting basic concepts.
Chapter three is deals with system design that handles
introduction, research methodology, input/output format, program flowchart.
Chapter four is the system implementation and
evaluation phases that handle system design flowchart, choice of programming
language, analysis of the modules and implementation.
Chapter five handles introduction, summary,
conclusion and recommendation of the research.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Management System: An information system for managing
students and teachers resources in a school.
System: It is used for the observing of persons or
objects on the more and supplying a timely ordered sequence of respective
location data to a model e.g. capable to serve for depicting the motion on a
person studying at a university other place of higher education.
Information: Is a student-level data collection
system that allows the department to collect and analyze more accurate and
institution for educating children or any institution at which institution is
given in a particular discipline.
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