According Jantz (2001) the emergence of computer based
information system has changed the world a great deal, both large and
small system have adopted the new methodology by use of personal
computer; to fulfill several roles in the production of information
therefore computerizing the documentation of patient record to enable
easier manipulation of the input process and output will bring us to
this existing new world of information system. Patients records and
disease pattern documentation is concerned with documentation of
information obtained from patients and their particular health system
in order to function properly. If this information is not documented
perfectly causing some data to get misplaced, the health system will
not be efficient.
According tang (2001) In examine the document
system that in existence at the hospital that is mostly manual much
importance has been placed on creating a system that document the
inpatient record using a computerized database system with a secure
procedure for accessing it. One of the unit of the std/aids control
program (STD/HCP) a server doctor at consultant level who is assisted
by 3 doctors, a secretary, 5 medical assistance7 nurses trained
consolers and part time statisticians and 2 laboratory technologists
head of units. The various diseases managed at the unit include the
following syphilis, virgin its, molluscus, scabies?, pubic lice,
gonorrhea, trichomoiasis, gentle mart etc.
Patient information past and present is extremely vital in the
provision of patient?s care which guides the physician in the making of
right decision about the diagnosis. The rapid growth of information
technology and system made to choose the health care industry to borrow
a page from the air industry for the sake of patient?s safety. Pilots
have instant access to the data they need in whether condition and
mechanical function to make information decision about navigation and
The absence of a well established information system to serve
patient and staff has led to inconveniences. This has tantamount to the
loss of patient and staff records. This is basically because of the
weakness of the existing system which includes over reliance on paper
based work. Paper files consume a lot of the office space, slow
recording, processing and retrieval of patient details. Accessing and
sharing of information by different departments is difficult due to
poor information management.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The main objective of the study is to design and implement an
information system for patients in a hospital. Specific objectives of
the study are:
- To develop a secure system that protects patient data and other vital information of the hospital.
- To design and implement a patient information management system (PIMS)
DEFINITION OF OPERATIONAL TERMS
Hospital: is defined as the
entity that provides the medical services to the patient in questioned
at a given period of time which is basically curative and preventive
and is offered in clinic unit x-ray/ ultra sound, laboratory and dental
unit in the hospital.
Patient Record Management System: It
is a system that can manage multiple administrators and can have the
track of the right assigned to them. It makes sure that all the
Administrators function with the system as per the rights assigned to
them and they can get their work done in efficient manner. Medical Form: it
refers to the medical document describing the patient initials,
diagnoses and treatment of a particular patient in question that can be
used for future reference incase of no improvement in the health
condition of the patient hence changes can be carried out accordingly.
Consultations Fee: is the money paid by the patient in question at the receptionist desk before any medical attention.
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