Employments are a contract and the express
and implied terms of this contract are still the basis of the relationship
between employer and employee. However
this employment relationship arises when one person (the employee or work)
supplied his skill and labour to another (the employer or mater) in return for
On the other hand for social economic and
political reasons there has been increasing government intervention in
employment since the early nineteenth
century. As will be seen many of the
rights and duties of the parties are imposed by legislation today still there
is unhealthy relationship between the
employers of labour and their employees.
This problem had caused devastating and unfavorable consequences in the
work place paralyzing the activities of many organization/ companies in this
country which given rise is adverse economic situation and a coarsened standard
of living of the people there in.
This project work has been timely written on
the strategy for enhancing a healthy employer- employee relationship in an
organization. The researcher therefore carried out exhaustive investigation to
identify most of the problems militating against a health employer- employee
relationship and discourse the instruments of enhancing a healthy relationship
between the management/employer and their employee/ worker. The work also investigated the courses of
industrial conflicts in an organization its effect or the economy the grievance
processes, the impact of a healthy employer- employee relationship in workers
Finally it reveals the findings of the study
recommend some operational strategies to remedy the situation are the
conclusion there in.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of content
Background of the study
1.2 Statement of problem
Purpose of the study
Scope of the study
Significance of the study
Definition of term
2.0 Review of related literature
Concept of strategy
The instruments of enhancing a healthy employer- employee relationship
Industrial conflict and their effect
The grievance processes
The impact of a healthy employer employee relationship on works
Research design and methodology
Area of study.
Population of the study
Sample and sampling procedure
3.5 Instrument for data collection
Variability of the instrument
Reliability of the instrument
Methods data collection
Method of data analysis
Date presentation & analysis
Presentation & analysis of data
Testing of hypothesis
Summary of results
Discussion recommendation and conclusion
Discussion of result findings
Limitation of study
Implication of the research finding
Recommendation for further research
Suggestion for further study research
BACKROUND OF THE STUDY
From years back disputer over the terms and
conditions of employment are inherent in the employer- employee relationship
such disputer have existed from the day an employer hired his first employee in
This disagreement may be as a result of all
or some of the problem enumerated below
– Employment problems and
– Condition of work hours of
– Remuneration levels method
of wage payment
– Staff health and welfare
– Employment development up
grading and promotions etc
The inability on the management or employer
to resolve these employment problem with his employee gives rise to industrial
disharmony/ strike and discord which in
recent times has remained one of the national problem plaguing so many
organizations in the country.
In most cases this unhealthy relationship
existing between the employer another employee is accompanied by very
unfavorable consequences in the work place such consequences as industrial
strike the go-slow the work to rule sit-down strike work in and a lot others.
This has often paralyzed the activities of
the organization in this country resulting in adverse economic situation and a
hoarsened standard of living of the people there in it is against this
background that the researcher has embarked on this research work to review the
industrial relationship system in the country and advance for strategies for
healthy employee- employee relationship in organization using Emenite company
limited Emene Enugu as a cast study. It
is therefore hoped that this study will have answers to the above labour
problems and establishes ways of enhancing a strong and viable healthy
relationship between the employers another employee in organization which will
go a long way in creating industrial harmony in the work place
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Organized labour has come a long way since
1912 when the first labour union was formed in the country. Nevertheless organization is not devoid of
industrial mischief. There has not been
a cordial relationship existing between the employer and the employee. Record has it that there has been general
strike in 1945, 1964, 1981 1993 the 2004 general strike nation wide by academic
staff union of universities (ASUU) over disagreement between the workers (employee)
and the government (employer) on certain issues also the recent general strike
national wide by the Nigeria labour union and the federal government over the
increase in the petroleum product prices.
This unhealthy relationship has subsequently
subjected the employee in organization to various forms of discomfort and
exposure to other forms of emasculation including suspension from work working
for a period of time without payment and outright dismissal from work. These problems have led the researcher to
flashing a study on strategies for healthy employer- employee relationship in
an organization to put a stop to all anomalies in the work place.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
In simple and direct terms this work has been
designed to check the following
a) To ascertain the components of
industrial relation problem.
b) To have an in depth study of
the strategies for healthy employee- employer relationship in organization
c) To identify some causes of
industrial disputes in practice
d) To find out measures of making
employees to be contented with the ways they are being treated by the employers
e) To identify if a cordial
relationship exist between the employer and the employee within the working
environment with a particular reference to Emenite cay limited Emene Enugu.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
In the scope of this study apparent inability
of the industrial relation system to the respond to quickening pace of social and
economic changes has generated continually public debate on what is wrong in
the system. The inference and conclusion
here are based on instruments to enhance a healthy employer- employee
relationship covering Emenite Company Emene Enugu
1) What are the factors or
components of industrial relation problems as regards the company under study?
2) Are there strategies which can
enhances or promote a healthy employer- employee relationship in organization?
3) What are the causes of
industrial disputes in an organization?
4) What measure can be taken to
ensure a healthy relationship between employer and employee in an organization?
5) Does cordial relationship exist
between the employer and employee of the company under study?
HYPOTHESIS 1 H0: Cordial relationship between empower and
employee does not lead the
Company to success
Cordial relationship between empower and employee lead the company to
success HPOTHESIS 11 H0: The adopted
strategies does not enhance a healthy relationship between
employer and employee of Emene company
strategies adopted enhance a healthy relationship between
Employer and employee of Emenite Company
SINGIFICANCE OF THE STUDY.
The study will disclose how industrial
practices through collective bargaining can be used for effectiveness and
efficiency in an organization.
The Emenite Co Ltd may learn from this study
how decision taking jointly by both the employer- employee can really influence
their productivity condition of service
and job security thence they can appraise their union leadership for better and
efficacies. Other organization in
Nigeria is not left out from the benefits. In this regard this study could also
be of immense benefit to labour union generally because the extent to which
they achieve successful representation of the workers interest depends on the
procedure approach to industrial relations.
Students of business administration
management and behavioral studies as well as Nigeria employers will also
benefit from this study on their discipline.
Beside, it will be very useful to any person
who is interested in achieving healthy and cordial relationship in the work
place for achievement of self objective.
DEFINITION OF TERM
STRIKE: This is a period of time
when a group of workers deliberately stop working because of a disagreement
about pay working conditions etc. it a
means of compelling their employer to company with the terms of employment and
physical condition of work.
INDUSTRIAL DIPUTES: This is a
disagreement between an employer and which is always connected with
non-camphene of either party mostly the employee on work agreement these cause
EMPLOYER: This refers to a
person company organization or even government hat employs people.
EMPLOYEE: An employee is
someone who is paid to work for someone else in an organization.
EMPLOYMENT: This may be
referred to work that one does to earn money or a living.
STRATEGY: This simply means a
pre- selected means or a approaches or skillful plan to achieve goals and aims.
GRIVANCES: Grievance is said to
occur when a worker/ employees feels aggrieved or not contented with a
particular treatment measures to him by either his employer or a superior
officer in the work place.