THE RISE OF ONTOLOGIES OR THE REINVENTION OF CLASSIFICATION


2,005 marked this research material reliable.
Call or whatsapp: +2347063298784 or email: info@allprojectmaterials.com
Department: animal science project topics | Type: Project Topics | Project Topics and Materials | List of Project Topics | Research Project Materials | Journals | Thesis | Articles | Online Project Materials | Business Plan | Final year project topic | Format: Ms Word and PDF | Attribute: Documentation Only | Pages: 46 Pages | Chapters: Complete Research work from Chapter 1 to 5; All chapters | Inclusive: Abstract, Preliminary Pages, Table of Contents and Appendices | Cost: ₦ 5,000.00


THE RISE OF ONTOLOGIES OR THE REINVENTION OF CLASSIFICATION

PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS ON THE RISE OF ONTOLOGIES OR THE REINVENTION OF CLASSIFICATION


Classifications/ontologies, thesauri, and dictionaries serve many functions, which are summarized in this note. As a result of this multiplicity of functions, classifications – often called ontologies – are developed in many communities of research and practice. Unfortunately, there is little communication and mutual learning; thus, efforts are fragmented, resulting in considerable reinvention and less than optimal products. Classification serves many functions and thus is claimed by many fields, but the communication among these fields is poor, leading to an approach that is marked by fragmented and costly reinvention. Ontological and lexical structures are the underpinning of scientific and scholarly work, of learning, and of machine intelligence. They serve many critical functions in thinking and in communicating, organizing, and retrieving information by people and machines. The functions of tools providing such structures (dictionaries, thesauri, ontologies/classifications) include the following: • Provide a semantic road map to individual fields and the relationships among fields, thus providing orientation and serving as a reference tool. This includes the following specific functions: relate concepts to terms and provide definitions; clarify concepts by putting them in the context of a classification/ontology; relate concepts and terms or icons across disciplines, languages, and cultures. • Improve communication and learning: Assist writers and readers; support learning through providing conceptual frameworks and challenging students to produce such frameworks; support language learning; and support the development of instructional materials. • Provide the conceptual basis for the design of good research and implementation: assist researchers and practitioners in exploring the conceptual context of a research project, policy, plan, or implementation project and in structuring the problem; support consistent definition of variables/measures for more comparable and cumulative research and evaluation results. • Provide classification for action: a classification of diseases for diagnosis, of medical procedures for billing, of staff skills for task assignments, of commodities for customs. • Support information retrieval: provide knowledge-based support of end-user searching (menu trees, guided facet analysis of a search topic, browsing a hierarchy or concept map to identify search concepts, mapping from the user’s query terms to descriptors used in one or more databases or to the multiple natural language expressions for free-text searching); support hierarchically expanded searching; support well-structured displays of search results; provide a tool for indexing (vocabulary control, user-centered or problem-oriented indexing). • Provide the conceptual basis for knowledge-based systems. • Provide the conceptual basis for data element definition and object hierarchies in software systems. • Do all this across disciplines, languages, and cultures. • Serve as mono-, bi-, or multilingual dictionary for human use and as dictionary/knowledge base for natural language processing — machine translation and natural language understanding for data extraction and automatic abstracting/indexing. Classification has long been used in library and information systems to provide guidance to the user in clarifying her information need and to structure search results for browsing, functions largely ignored by the text retrieval community but now receiving increasing attention in the context of helping users to cope with the vast amount of information on the Web. Fairly recently, other fields, such as AI, natural language processing, and software engineering, have discovered the need for classification, leading to the rise of what these fields call ontologies. The Oxford English Dictionary defines ontology as “The science or study of being; that department of metaphysics which relates to the being or essence of things, or to being in the abstract.” Part of such a study is a classification of things that are into basic types, often starting with living vs non-living entities. Thus the term ontology assumed the additional meaning of a shallow classification of basic categories. Such classifications or ontologies are needed in linguistics, for example, to formulate rules of the subjects or objects a verb can take, and in data element definition. As such rules became more and more refined, the classification supporting them needed to be more specific, so eventually ontology was used to designate any classification, particularly in the communities of linguistics, AI, and software engineering. Indeed, once these communities increased their awareness that there is not only a problem of classification but also of terminology, “ontologies” included lead-in vocabularies as well and became full-fledged thesauri. But a classification by any other name is still a classification. The use of a different term is symptomatic of the lack of communication between scientific communities. The vast body of knowledge on classification structure and on ways to display classifications developed around library classification and in information science more generally, and the huge intellectual capital embodied in many classification schemes thesauri is largely ignored. Large and useful systems are being built with more effort than necessary. Examples are the CYC ontology (www.cyc.com/cyc-2-1/intro-public.html), whose presentation could be vastly improved, or WordNet (www.cogsci.princeton.edu/~wn or www.notredame.ac.jp/cgi-bin/wn.cgi), a wonderful system whose construction would have profited from applying experience in thesaurus construction and whose synset (concept) hierarchy should be made more easily accessible using standard methods for classification display. Another example is the ANSI Ad Hoc Group on Ontology Standards (http://www-ksl.stanford.edu/onto-std/index.html), which does not seem to have any information scientist concerned with classification among its members. There are many types of knowledge bases on concepts and terminology: classification schemes and thesauri, dictionaries and ontologies developed for AI applications, linguistic systems, or data element definition. These different types of knowledge bases — though developed for different purposes — overlap greatly and they follow very similar principles and methods for their construction. Better communication among the various communities involved in these systems could lead to an integrated common access system that would support all the functions discussed above (Soergel 1996). Soergel, Dagobert. 1996. SemWeb: Proposal for an open, multifunctional multilingual system for integrated access to knowledge base about concepts and terminology. Proceedings of the Fourth International ISKO Conference, 15-18 July 1996, Washington, D.C. Frankfurt/Main: Indeks Verlag: 1996. (Advances in Knowledge Organization, v.5, 165-173). (See for a fuller exposition of the idea.)

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE WORK FOR THE RISE OF ONTOLOGIES OR THE REINVENTION OF CLASSIFICATION


Additional Information

  • The Project Material is available for download.
  • The Research material is delivered within 15-30 Minutes.
  • The Material is complete from Preliminary Pages to References.
  • Well Researched and Approved for supervision.
  • Click the download button below to get the complete project material.

Frequently Asked Questions

In-order to give you the best service available online, we have compiled frequently asked questions (FAQ) from our clients so as to answer them and make your visit much more interesting.

We are proudly Nigerians, and we are well aware of fraudulent activities that has been ongoing in the internet. To make it well known to our customers, we are geniune and duely registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission of the republic of Nigeria. Remember, Fraudulent sites can NEVER post bank accounts or contact address which contains personal information. Free chapter One is always given on the site to prove to you that we have the material. If you are unable to view the free chapter 1 send an email to info@researchcub.info with the subject head "FREE CHAPTER 1' plus the topic. You will get a free chapter 1 within an hour. You can also check out what our happy clients have to say.


Students are always advised to use our materials as guide. However, if you have a different case study, you may need to consult one of our professional writers to help you with that. Depending on similarity of the organization/industry you may modify if you wish.


We have professional writers in various disciplines. If you have a fresh topic, just click Hire a Writer or click here to fill the form and one of our writers will contact you shortly.


Yes it is a complete research project. We ensure that our client receives complete project materials which includes chapters 1-5, full references, questionnaires/secondary data, etc.


Depending on how fast your request is acknowledged by us, you will get the complete project material withing 15-30 minutes. However, on a very good day you can still get it within 5 minutes!

What Clients Say

Our Researchers are happy, see what they are saying. Share your own experience with the world.
Be polite and honest, as we seek to expand our business and reach more people. Thank you.

A Research proposal for the rise of ontologies or the reinvention of classification:
Reviews: A Review on the rise of ontologies or the reinvention of classification, rise, ontologies, reinvention project topics, researchcub.info, project topic, list of project topics, research project topics, journals, books, Academic writer.
Classifications/ontologies, thesauri, and dictionaries serve many functions, which are summarized in this note. As a result of this multiplicity of functions, classifications – often called ontologies – are developed in many communities of research and practice. Unfortunately, there is little communication and mutual learning; thus, efforts are fragmented, resulting in considerable reinvention and less than optimal products. Classification serves many functions and thus is claimed by many fields, but the communication among these fields is poor, leading to an approach that is marked by fragmented and costly reinvention. Ontological and lexical structures are the underpinning of scientific and scholarly work, of learning, and of machine intelligence. They serve many critical functions in thinking and in communicating, organizing, and retrieving information by people and machines. The functions of tools providing such structures (dictionaries, thesauri, ontologies/classifications) include the following: • Provide a semantic road map to individual fields and the relationships among fields, thus providing orientation and serving as a reference tool. This includes the following specific functions: relate concepts to terms and provide definitions; clarify concepts by putting them in the context of a classification/ontology; relate concepts and terms or icons across disciplines, languages, and cultures. • Improve communication and learning: Assist writers and readers; support learni.. animal science project topics

THE RISE OF ONTOLOGIES OR THE REINVENTION OF CLASSIFICATION

Project Information

Share Links

Download Post (MsWord)
Download Post (PDF)

Search for Project Topics

Project topics in Departments

How much does it cost to hire a writer in Nigeria?

Looking for Professional Approach and Quality Research Services ?

Estimating the cost of research writing in Nigeria: Freelance writers in Nigeria may charge anywhere from ₦5,000 to ₦50,000 or more per project, depending on the factors mentioned earlier. SEO-focused content may be on the higher end of this range due to the additional skills and research involved. For a more accurate estimate, it's recommended to reach out with us, discuss your specific requirements, and request a quote based on the scope of your project. Prices can vary, so getting personalized quotes will help you determine the cost more precisely.

Undergraduate Project Topics, economics project topics, marketing project topics, business administration project topics, engineering project topics, computer science project topics, banking & finance project topics, education project topics, law project topics, sciences project topics, public administration project topics, political science project topics, mathematics project topics, medical science project topics, mass communication project topics, research projects, geology project topics, marketing project topics, agriculture project topics, Browse Thousands of Final Year Project Topics, hire a writer, Research Works and Materials, Project topics and materials in Nigeria, Undergraduate Project Topics, Research Works and Materials, research topics, research project materials, complete project materials, computer science project material, free project topics, complete projects, accounting topics, small business topics, entrepreneurship topics, project materials, Nigerian undergraduate projects, business administration projects, computer science topics and projects, MBA Nigerian project topics, human resources, small businesses, entrepreneurship projects, economics projects, impacts projects, effect projects, university projects, polytechnic projects, investigate projects, political science projects, mass communication projects, project topics, human resource projects, education projects, French topics, project analysis, French projects, project tips, project abstract, project proposals, project bibliography, project reference, project seminar, forex, TSA, treasury single account, currency, naira, devaluation, undergraduate projects, final project research, marketing project topics, statistics project topics, mathematics project topics, statistics, mathematics, research projects, project thesis, labour force theses, NCE, OND, HND, BTECH, BSC, MBA, MSC, English projects, linguistic project topics, Free Project topics and materials in Nigeria, research topics, reseach project materials, computer science project material, free, complete, accounting topics, small business topics, materials, nigeria projects, business administration projects, computer science topics and projects, MBA nigeria project topics, human resources, small business, entrepreneurship projects, economics projects, impact projects, effects projects, training, budgets, ghana, university, polytechnic, browse Free project materials and topics in Nigeria, accounting and finance project materials, business administration project materials and topics, human resources, entrepreneurship, computer science and engineering project materials and topics, Accounting project topics, Accounting project topics and materials, Agricultural Economics Project Topics and Materials, Agricultural Science Projects topics and materials, All Project topics and materials, Architecture Project topics and materials, Aviation project topics and materials, Banking & Finance Projects topics and materials, Biology project and materials, Building project topics and materials, Business Administration & Management Projects topics and materials, Chemical Engineering Project Topics and materials, Civil Engineering Projects topics and materials, Communication & mass communication art project topics and materials, Computer Engineering Project Topics and materials, Computer Science Projects topics and materials, Criminology project topics and materials, Economics Research Projects topics and materials, Education Project Topics and Materials, Electrical Engineering Projects and materials, English Education & English Language Project topics and materials, Food Science project topics and materials, Geology Project Topics and materials, Guidance Counseling Project Topics and materials, History project topics and materials, Home Economics Project Topics and Materials, Human Resource Projects topics and Materials, Industrial Chemistry Projects topics and materials, Insurance Projects topics and materials, Law project topics and materials, Library and information science project topics and materials, Marine and Transport management project topics and materials, Marketing Projects topics and materials, Mathematics project topics and materials, Medical Sciences Project Topics and materials, Microbiology project topics and materials, Nursing and Midwifery project topics, Nursing and Midwifery project topics and materials, Optometry or nursing project topics and materials, Petroleum Engineering project topics and materials, Pharmacy project topics and materials, Philosophy project topics and materials, Photography project topics and materials, Physical and Health Education project topics and materials, Physiology project topics and materials, Political science project topics and materials, Project topics and materials, Psychology project topics and materials, Random project, Religious and Cultural Studies Project Topics and Materials, Sociology and Anthropology Project topics and materials, Sociology Project Topics and materials, Tourism project topics and materials, Vocational education project topics and materials. Project Topics: List of Project Topics | the rise of ontologies or the reinvention of classification | rise | ontologies | reinvention Project Topics | researchcub.info