Mans activities are
affected in several ways by the immediate environment he lives in and what
condition he found himself. Any activity that gives pleasures and is engaged in
form of choice and not from necessity can be considered recreation”. Park and
recreation, the benefit is endless”. If man spends his time wisely, he can
greatly enrich his life. His recreation can help to discovered new talents and
to improve himself physically mentally and psychologically. This research is
carried out to study what a recreation park is, their classifications and
standards. Then the use of landscape to enhance the recreational revisions.
Therefore keffi being a study area with recreational facilities will be a place
for the projected recreation parks.
Recreation is an
activity that people voluntarily pursue for personal enjoyment or satisfaction,
usually during their free time. Recreation takes variety of forms and occurs in
places, depending on the choice of the individual. Some recreations are
passive, such engage on recreation in their homes or communities or they may
travel along distance for a recreation activity.
Since the end of
World War II in 1945, recreation has become an important element in modern
life. High incomes and improvement in working conditions and transportation
have given many people more money, time and mobility for recreation. Today, recreation
is a major industry.
pleasures for millions of people but it may also make an important contribution
to an individual mental and physical health. For example, a hospital often
organizes recreational activities under trained supervisors as therapy for
project report will examine in a broad overview of the social and planning
philosophers that lie behind the location, programming and operation of the
future of recreation. It is proposed to bring out visually and verbally the
most creation new idea and speculative on what potentials these may hold for
the future, taking into consideration the desire of children, adults and the
community at large. (The world book encyclopedia.)
A country with a high
standard of living is bound to have a high participation in recreational park.
The high standard of living referred to their centers on high disposable
income, which is also accompanied by reduction in working hours and long
These have to be
money to spent, as well as the referee time to spend it. Some geographical and
social factor previously discussed, on the introductory page.
This is one of the
things been looked at to create an environment at Keffis, which will serve as a
conducive atmosphere for the project and also to serve as a short time visit to
the recreational area for the purpose of recreational education and business.
It will therefore, include visitors, seminars, conventions etc. this will be
phased out in stage of development for the smooth emerged of facilities, which
are relevant and marketable at the time of implementation.
BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Keffi as local
government area in Nasarawa state, north central Nigeria. It was founded in the
year 1800 by Abdul Zanga (Abdullah), a Fulani warrior from the North who made
it the seat of a Vassal emirate subject to the Emir of Zaria.
(A town 153miles
(246km) North). Although keffi paid tribute to Zaria throughout the 19th
century, it was constantly raided for slaves; its war in the reign of Sidi
Umaru, with the nearby town of Nasarawa resulted in a further payment of slaves
In 1902 the British
transferred the headquarters of Nasarawa province to Keffi to protect the trade
caravans going to the North from Benue River. The killing of British
administrator in keffi by the Zaria Magaji (representative), who subsequently
fled to Kano (220miles (350km) north-north west), the most powerful of the
Fulani emirates, led to the British attack on and defeat of Kano in 1903. The
people of keffi have settled in this area for over 250 years ago before the
creation of the present Nasarawa state.
Most of the
inhabitants of the traditional emirates are gwandara people, engaged in tin and
columbite mining and in farming. Keffi has a teacher training college, hospital
and the state university.
The keffi area is
blessed with hills, good land for agriculture and also plain land for
The keffi area falls
to the zone of the west-Africa sub-region patches of rain forest, occurs in the
plains, especially gilled train to the south and the rugged. South eastern
parts of the area. The area also forms on of the surviving occurrence of
matured forest vegetation in Nasarawa state. The raining season starts in April
and ends in October in Nasarawa and keffi been a local government area in the
state is not an exception of these characteristics features. The temperature
reaches 280 (8.2.40F) to 300C (86.0F) and night times low lower to around 22c
(71.6F) high as 40c (104.F) and night time temperature dip to 12c (53.6F).
The timing zone is at
(UTCTI). The latitude is at 8.84710 N and longitude 7.87760 E.
But presently, the
occupants presently are not all indigenes because when the state was created
the government, the first democratically elected governor, Abdullahi Adamu
built the current state university which attracted several people from other
part of the zone like kogi,Plateau,FCT,Niger etc. to settle in the state there
by bringing meaningful development to
The urbanization in
the area started with the advent of colonial administration. The area was
headed by provincial and native Authority and is one of the province and
division which gave rise to the beginning of most of what we know today as
urban centres in the state and is the biggest urban centres in the state after
the state capital lafia.
The aim of this
project is to provide a befitting and an esthetical, pleasing, edifice, which
will serve the community for the increasing need for leisure. This aim will be
achieve through the use of some organic like rock, river, trees etc.
The objectives of
this project include the:-
To utilize the
natural environment, traditional and modern materials in order to achieve
harmony between the building and environment.
recreational park as a means of communication with people of different social
groups of varying cultural orientation.
awareness for other tourist attraction that are abound in the country, through
the creation of parks and recreation and other leisure activities.
To provide adequate
facilities like indoor sporting hall, boat ride, children playing ground,
sporting ground etc. For recreational that will accommodate all the categories
of people in Abuja and its environs.
environmental well-being and leisure pursuits through the use of some activities
like the arcade games, swimming, playing golf etc.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
As a result of the
struggle of human day in day our for survival, the rate at which people in
Abuja and its neighboring environment engages themselves to work either as a
student, self-employed, public or private sector servant overtime with little
or no time for recreational activities. To this end, the government of Federal
Capital Territory Abuja has put in place some organ to help in the growth of
recreational activities in Abuja. The most popular among all the recreation
activities is a recreational park. This is because low capital is needed to
start the project and also due to the availabilities of some natural or organic
elements like water. Many recreational places exist and it is mainly for
individuals or private sector.
architecturally can never be emerged as it to broaden our knowledge and scope
of understanding in the profession. Each design in architecture is authorized
to its uniqueness in concept, functionalities. Economically is to provide
employment opportunity for a good number of people that will work there, so
also source of revenue.
The park in terms of
social culturally, will serve as a place for infraction, religious, cultural
activities as well as reaction for the people of Abuja and its environs.
with organization, recreational applied professionals in the field.
Visitation of some
facilities (case study).
(foreign case study).
Literature review of
other works. Example of this includes publication extract, texts books,
magazines, newspaper, journals, encyclopedia, consultation of maps and
Visit to the proposed
SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF STUDY
The scope of this
project is limited to providing basic facilities for the general welfare of the
recreational proposed park on the site which include:-
Ticketing / clinic
Out Door game
LIMITATION AND CONSTRAINT
There are some
factors that hampered the extension of this project work. In the process of
gathering the information, I encountered some problems which include the
The project work is
constraint to design scope listed above.
The project work
requires sufficient time and since this is lacking, it has serve as limitation
to the research work.
Most of the
respondents were not willing to provide information.
In Nigeria most
information were kept secret. This was a major constraint for data collection
by me notwithstanding the white exercise has been very stimulated in
identification of customer needs and seeking to satisfy ones need.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Cable: – A set of
wires covered with plastic or rubber that carries electricity, telephone signal
e.g. underground cables, fiber optic cable.
Fence: – A barrier or
screen used for dividing or enclosing an area of land.
Flower: – The seed
bearing parts of a plant consisting of reproductive organs (stamens and
carpals) that are typically surrounded by a brightly colored corolla (petals
and a green calyx (sepals).
barrier, door or hatch in a wall or fence which can be opened to allow thorough
Gate house: – A
security building or construction at the entrance of a castle, building etc. to
country entry and exit.
Ground cover: – The
term ground cover is applied to small plants less than 45mm tall, which cover
the ground in place of turf.
Hedges: – Is an
intermediate planting between the trees and flowers. They are generally smaller
in size that trees. They can be used as a wall element in an outdoor area.
Lawn: – In
landscaping, an area of grass.
Pavement: – The main
structural and surface construction, of a road laid in conclusion of concrete,
stoner asphalt above a sub-grade.
Palm Tree: – A palm
is a tree having a straight and single trunk or slightly curved bud, a few grow
A Stream: – A small
narrow river (flowing in a continuous current in a specified direction.
A Security Tower: –Is
a building or construction above either structure in an area where security
gadgets are mounted or other related security system.
Shrubs: –Is a woody
plant smaller that a tree with several main stems arising at or near the
– Trees: – A woody
parental plant, typically having a single trunk growing to a considerable
height and bearing lateral branches at same distance from the ground.