In the construction
of 500 liters capacity water reservoir, galvanized steel sheet forms the tank
and an angle iron rod forms the stand. Two full length galvanized sheet were
marked out and cut out to the required sizes. The work stated by cutting the 14
gauge galvanized steel sheets of full length into geometrical dimensions of the
cylindrical shape. After cutting, the different sized were assembled and joined
together by using 12 gauge electrode on our holding of the parts with the exist
piping were ensured. The top of the tank has a circular shape opening for the
entering of water which is covered with the constructed cover. In order to
provide rigid foundation two angled iron was cast and assembled together which
is the constructed support base. The 500 liters capacity water reservoir is
designed for effective storage and transfer of water through the top control
which allow the easy flow of water through the tank.
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
A water tank is a
container for storing water. The need for a water tank is as old as
civilization, to provide storage of water for use in many applications, drinking
water irrigation agriculture, agricultural farming both for plants and
livestock, chemical manufacturing, food preparation as well as many other uses
in our environment. Water tank parameters include the general design of the
tank, and choice of construction materials, linings. Various materials are used
for making a water tank: plastic, polyethylene, polypropylene, stainless,
carbon or welded. Earthen pots also function as water storages. Water tanks are
an efficient way to help developing countries to stores clean water.
Water tank, also
known as a water tower will create a pressure at the ground – level outlet of 1
kpa per 10.2cm or 1 psi per 2.31 feet of elevation. Thus a tank elevated to
elevated to 70 feet creates about 30 psi of estic and instrustrial
requirements. Vertical cylindrical dome top tanks may hold million gallons.
Horizontal cylindrical tanks are typically used for transport because their
low- profile creates a low center of gravity helping to maintain equilibrium
for the transport vehicle, trailer or truck a hydro – pneumatic tank is
typically a horizontal pressurized storage tank. Press uprising this reservoir
of water creates a surge free delivery of stored water into the distribution
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
i. To make the study
about the analysis and design of water tank
ii. To make guideline
for the design of liquid retaining structure according to 1s code.
iii. To know about
design philosophy for safe design of water tank.
iv. This report is to
provide guidance in the design and construction of circular priestess’s
concrete using tendons.
v. Tank can be used
for success of water in a site for mixing of cement and sand for the building.
vi. Water has been
stored in the tank so that it can be used for selling.
vii. Great portion of
farmland can be watered through irrigation.
JUSTIFICATION OF THE STUDY
Water tank came into
existence because of human needs in the whole world. It is very essential that
tank is encourageble to have tank in our environment in other to store water
during raining seasons.
Many years ago in our
local parts of Nigeria, people always store water in a clay pot. Their thought
was that there are no other ways of storing water, but nom we are on
mechanization world” water can be stored in large quantity and differences
types of water tanks. There is under ground tank, plastic tank, stainless and
constructed galvanized sheet tank. Water is necessary in every environment,
industrial use home use (like cooking, bathing, washing etc).
Water is needed in
farming especially during dry season, with the used of water tank, rain water
will be collected with water collect or quickly into the tank.