KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, AND PRACTICE OF NURSES TOWARDS PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF NOSOCOMIAL INFECTION AT THE FEDERAL MEDICAL CENTER UMUAHIA


KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, AND PRACTICE OF NURSES TOWARDS PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF NOSOCOMIAL INFECTION AT THE FEDERAL MEDICAL CENTER UMUAHIA

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ABSTRACT

 

Although nurses prevent and control infections they lack the necessary knowledge to practice infection prevention and control. There is low compliance to infection control precautions including hand hygiene, the use of gloves and sharps management as a result of limited knowledge, poor staff attitude towards infection control measures leading to prolonged stay of the patients in the hospital, functional disability or reduced quality of life, high resistance to antimicrobial agents, emotional stress, additional financial costs for both the patients and their families and finally unnecessary deaths. This infections are actually preventable. It was essential to explore the knowledge, attitude and practices of nurses toward their prevention.

 

 

Objective: The purpose of the study was to determine the Knowledge, attitude, and practice of nurses towards prevention and control of nosocomial infection at the federal medical center Umuahia.

 

 

Methodology: This study was a descriptive, cross-sectional study which employed simple random sampling method and a semi structured questionnaire was used to collect data from nurses in Federal Medical Center Umuahia. The sample size of 88 participants was used. Data was analyzed and tables, graphs, pie charts and percentages were generated.

 

 

Study findings: The findings of the study revealed that 65.9% of the respondents were female while 34.1% were male. The diploma nurses constituted 48.9%, enrolled 29.5% and 21.6% of the respondents were graduates with degree award. Greater percentage of the respondents were diploma holder. Modal age group is 21-29 (48.9%, majority the respondents had experience of 1-5 years (58%). 51.1% of the respondents were very knowledgeable about hospital acquired infections, 37.5% of the respondents were quite knowledgeable about Hospital acquired infections. 81.8% of the respondents strongly agreed that every patient should be treated as if they carry blood borne. On the same note, 83.0% of the respondents said they always observe the infection control practices 90.9% of the respondents stated that they don’t recap needles after use. 96.6% of the respondents said they place disposable sharps in safety box immediately after use. Results also indicate that, 96.6% of the respondents always use gloves when doing procedure while 3.2% of the respondents sometimes use gloves when doing procedure.

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

 

 

This chapter consists of the study Background, Statement of problem, Objectives of study, Research questions about the Knowledge, attitude, and practice of nurses towards prevention and control of nosocomial infection at the federal medical center Umuahia, Significance of the study and Conceptual framework.

 

1.0 Background of study

 

 

Hospital acquired infections (HAIs) also called nosocomial infections are infections obtained by the patient, 48 hours after admission at the hospital or a health facility for reasons which are not related to the infections or before admission to the facility, patient was not previously infected (Kelly et.al, 2012).

 

HAIs occur worldwide and affect hundreds and millions of people and they are related with high rates of morbidity and mortality among patients who are admitted in the hospitals or health facility and are a major problem to patients’ safety and in settings where health care is to be made safe, their close watch and avoidance should be the top most priority (WHO, 2009). Health workers (HWs) are as well having an increased chances of getting these infections (Iliyasu et al, 2016).

 

Globally, over 1.4 million people are affected by HCAIs (WHO, 2010). The prevalence of patients affected by HAIs in developed countries is ranging from 5% to 10% and about 15% to 40% of the patients are in critical care units (CDC, 2010). The prevalence of Hospital Acquired Infections in Africa is varying from 2.5% to 14.8% in Algeria, Senegal, Burkina Faso, and Tanzania (WHO 2011). Bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites are the causative agents of HAIs (David McQuoid-Mason 2012).

 

The end results of HCAIs in accordance to WHO, 2009 and New York State Department of Health 2014, are the prolonged stay in the hospital, functional disability or reduced quality of life, high resistance to antimicrobial agents, emotional stress, additional financial costs for both the patients and their families and finally unnecessary deaths.

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, AND PRACTICE OF NURSES TOWARDS PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF NOSOCOMIAL INFECTION AT THE FEDERAL MEDICAL CENTER UMUAHIA

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Project Information

  • CATEGORY : NURSING
  • TYPE : PROJECT MATERIAL
  • FORMAT : MICROSOFT WORD
  • ATTRIBUTE : Documentation Only
  • PAGES : 59 Pages
  • CHAPTERS : 1 - 5
  • PRICE : ₦ 3,000.00

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Although nurses prevent and control infections they lack the necessary knowledge to practice infection prevention and control. There is low compliance to infection control precautions including hand hygiene, the use of gloves and sharps management as a result of limited knowledge, poor staff attitude towards infection control measures leading to prolonged stay of the patients in the hospital, functional disability or reduced quality of life, high resistance to antimicrobial agents, emotional stress, additional financial costs for both the patients and their families and finally unnecessary deaths. This infections are actually preventable. It was essential to explore the knowledge, attitude and practices of nurses toward their prevention. Objective: The purpose of the study was to determine the Knowledge, attitude, and practice of nurses towards prevention and control of nosocomial infection at the federal medical center Umuahia. Methodology: This study was a descriptive, cross-sectional study which employed simple random sampling method and a semi structured questionnaire was used to collect data from nurses in Federal Medical Center Umuahia. The sample size of 88 participants was used. Data was analyzed and tables, graphs, pie charts and percentages were generated. Study findings: The findings of the study revealed that 65.9% of the respondents were female while 34.1% were male. The diploma nurses constituted 48.9%, enrolled 29.5% and 21.6% of the respon.. nursing project topics

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, AND PRACTICE OF NURSES TOWARDS PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF NOSOCOMIAL INFECTION AT THE FEDERAL MEDICAL CENTER UMUAHIA