CHARACTERIZATION AND MAPPING OF GULLY EROSION FEATURES IN TWO GEOLOGICAL FORMATIONS OF EASTERN NIGERIA USING GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM

CHARACTERIZATION AND MAPPING OF GULLY EROSION FEATURES IN TWO GEOLOGICAL FORMATIONS OF EASTERN NIGERIA USING GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM


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CHARACTERIZATION AND MAPPING OF GULLY EROSION FEATURES IN TWO GEOLOGICAL FORMATIONS OF EASTERN NIGERIA USING GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM

PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS ON CHARACTERIZATION AND MAPPING OF GULLY EROSION FEATURES IN TWO GEOLOGICAL FORMATIONS OF EASTERN NIGERIA USING GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM


ABSTRACT

With the aid of Global Positioning System (GPS) and Satellite Aerial Photo, a comparative

characterization and mapping of soil gully erosion features on two geological formations

were carried out in Nsukka area of eastern Nigeria. The two geological formations were

Ajali and Mamu formations. The study involved the use of base map created using a

Geographic Information System (GIS) (GPS Track Marker) and Satellite Photo downloaded

from the internet using the same GIS (GPS Track Marker). This aided the field work for

erosion site study and data collection. A total of seventy (70) erosion sites with an average

length of about 1606.5 meters, average width of about 64.2 meters and average depth of 8.6

meters were visited in Ajali formation. On the other hand, only nine with an average length

of about 484.2 meters, average width of about 6.5 meters and an average depth of about 3.7

meters were visited in Mamu. In Ajali formation, forty three new erosion sites were

identified to add to the twenty seven old sites while in Manu formation only five new sites

were identified to add to the four old sites. Three profile pits were dug in each formation to

represent the soils. They are sites of Ada (Mpt1), Agu-Orba (Mpt2) and Agu-Ekwegbe

(Mpt3) on Mamu Formation while Iheaka (Apt1), Ede-Oballa (Apt2) and Aku (Apt3) were

sites on Ajali Formation.

 

The soils from the pits were sampled and analyzed for some

physical and chemical properties. The properties were, colour, texture, soil reaction, organic

matter, exchangeable bases, total nitrogen and available phosphorus, exchangeable acidity,

cat ion exchange capacity, and aggregate stability. There was a significant difference in the

value of gully length and width while the depth was statistically the same. There was a

positive significant correlation between length and width (r = 0.409), depth and width (r =

0.862), but non significant correlation between length and depth (r = 0.188) in Mamu

Formation, while a positive and significant correlation was found between length and depth

(r = 0.635), length and width (r = 0.578), depth and width (r = 0.689) in Ajali formation.

The results of the soil percentage state of aggregation (PSA) and percentage aggregate

stability (PAS) was low at both soils. There was no significant difference between their

mean weight diameters (MWD). Their low MWD values (1.1mm) in the soil of Mamu

formation and 1.2mm in the soil of Ajali formation were indication that the soil were highly

susceptible to erosion. Both soils of the studied area have low silt content (8% in the soil of

Ajali and 5% in the soil of Mamu), but moderate to high fine sand values (18% in Ajali and

49% in Mamu). These could be one of the factors promoting the soil erodibility. At micro

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With the aid of Global Positioning System (GPS) and Satellite Aerial Photo, a comparative characterization and mapping of soil gully erosion features on two geological formations were carried out in Nsukka area of eastern Nigeria. The two geological formations were Ajali and Mamu formations. The study involved the use of base map created using a Geographic Information System (GIS) (GPS Track Marker) and Satellite Photo downloaded from the internet using the same GIS (GPS Track Marker). This aided the field work for erosion site study and data collection. A total of seventy (70) erosion sites with an average length of about 1606.5 meters, average width of about 64.2 meters and average depth of 8.6 meters were visited in Ajali formation. On the other hand, only nine with an average length of about 484.2 meters, average width of about 6.5 meters and an average depth of about 3.7 meters were visited in Mamu. In Ajali formation, forty three new erosion sites were identified to add to the twenty seven old sites while in Manu formation only five new sites were identified to add to the four old sites. Three profile pits were dug in each formation to represent the soils. They are sites of Ada (Mpt1), Agu-Orba (Mpt2) and Agu-Ekwegbe (Mpt3) on Mamu Formation while Iheaka (Apt1), Ede-Oballa (Apt2) and Aku (Apt3) were sites on Ajali Formation... agricultural extension project topics

CHARACTERIZATION AND MAPPING OF GULLY EROSION FEATURES IN TWO GEOLOGICAL FORMATIONS OF EASTERN NIGERIA USING GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM

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