The aim of this study is to determine the role of Road
Transportation mode in Marketing of Agricultural Produce in Abakaliki Local
Government Area of Ebonyi State.
To enhance a quicker, clearer and more comprehensive
understanding of the impact of this study the work has been divided into fi8ve
Chapter one deals with the nature and statement of the
problem, objectives and scope of the study.
Also included in the same chapter is the statement of hypothesis,
significance of the study and finally, a definition of concepts very unique to
Chapter two deal with a review of related literature where
other people’s views and opinions on road transport and agriculture were
The third chapter treated the research methodology adopted
and such other areas as method of investigation, population and sample size and
finally, the limitations of the study.
Chapter four forms the main basis of the study as it treated
the presentation and analysis of data collected for the purpose of the study.
Lastly, chapter five dealt with a summary of the findings,
conclusion and recommendations.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.2 STATEMENT OF
OF THE STUDY
OF THE STUDY
1.6 SCOPE OF THE
2.1 REVIEW OF
2.2 AN OVERVIEW
CLASSIFICATION OF TRANSPORT
2.4 PLACE OF
TRANSPORTS IN MARKETING
3.2 SOURCE OF
OF THE STUDY
3.4 SAMPLE SIZE
3.8 METHOD OF
DATA TREATMENT AND ANALYSIS 33
PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA
AND ANALYSIS OF DATA
4.2 TEST OF
SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, RECOMMENDATION AND
5.1 SUMMARY OF
The quest of achieve self sufficiency food production is one
of the highest priority areas facing most of the world’s today. It is also a problem that threatens to worsen
rapidly in the years immediately ahead.
On the otherhand, problems relating to rural inaccessibility
have continued to plogue the world, and in particular, Nigeria Agriculture, it
is on this basis that the government and transport policy maker should
intensify efforts to improve the transportation system especially in road
network system, their collective or individual efforts and endeavours should be
directed towards fighting a war against hunger, and providing necessary
transport facilities and services, and contribute to judicious investment
decisions in related areas that can help assume the supply of additional food
and it’s distribution to consumers.
1.2 STATEMENT OF
Ever since the beginning of time, agriculture and
transportation have always co-existed inseparably. This is not only because the source of food
and fibre and other economic product must be reasonably accessible and on being
collected, be distributed to makers, parts and factories, but also that5
adequate transportation mode and efficient carrier service operations are a
necessary condition for effecting an efficient physical distribution of
agricultural products. Indeed, adequate
and efficient transportation network is a cornerstone of the modern food
marketing system. Transportation thus
services as a means of moving goods, ideas and information geared towards
In Nigeria, roads constitute perhaps, the most important
infrastructure in the structural transportation of her agriculture.
In Abakaliki, most of the roads traverse a territory of
sharp contrasts in climate, soit and vegetation and this hinders agricultural
progress in some rural areas, most of the roads which are of course essential
for the prompt evacuation of produce from the farms to the market places are
often times inaccessible all year round.
Most of these roads, especially feeder roads are unsurfaced,
narrow, bad, poorly drained and winding and this prevents easy access to the
hinter lend where the majority of the farmers are located. Even in Abakaliki main town where such roads
are in a fair condition, there is the problem caused by poor maintance, lack of
adequate executive capacity, lack of suitable materials, and management
problem. The vicious combination of
these factors is that costs are higher, marketing possibilities are uncertain
and incentives to produce are low.
Besides, the inadequacy of road network services are
inefficiently executed. Delay in
transit, bad loading and offloading, and rough handling of goods characterize
road transport resulting in great losses from damages, spoilage and detonation
Poor transportation also has the added effect of preventing
farmers from specializing in the crops that offer them the best return. Where transport is inadequate, each former
attempts to keep his family supplied with all their needs, and he therefore
retains more food than he actually needs, and he therefore retains more food
than he actually needs. This is because
if he runs short, it will be difficult to tap other resources and this entails
higher losts as a result of transportation this often poses a problem because
urban dwellers will be faced with dearth of foodstuffs and other essential
goods manufactured from agricultural materials.
These problems that confront rural transportation in Nigeria, therefore,
hinder it’s ability to improve the system of land use for agricultural
If agriculture is to respond to the growing demand, than it
will be necessary to evolve a good progressive rural structure with rural roads
to expedite and reduce the cost of flow of agricultural commodities,
information and all sorts of rural service to enable it contribute meaningfully
to general economic growth. This will
help accommodate increased traffic flows in both directions, inputs moving from
the urban areas to the farms and output in the opposite direction. The task involves very large additions to
rural road mode and maintaining existing roads, the expansion of storage and
processing facilities and a new institutional arrangement for managing and
financing the total system this is of course, a no mean task indeed.
OF THE STUDY
This study will attempt to relate road transport to the
economy as regards the role of a road transportation mode in marketing
Agricultural product in Abakaliki L.G.A. Ebonyi State. The objectives include:
To determine the extent to which road transportation system
has affected the marketing of Agricultural products.
To identify these factors that are directly have contributed
To offer useful recommendations with a view to making the
marketing of Agricultural products in Abakaliki L.G.A. Ebonyi State, more
successful and effective.
Based upon the earlier stated objectives, this study will
see to test three major hypotheses.
That the nature of road mode system in Abakaliki affects the
marketing of her agricultural products.
That inaccessibility reduces the incentive to produce.
That the cost of transport affects the price of the farm
products. That is, that the price of agricultural
products is a function of the transportation cost.
OF THE STUDY:
The increased interest in this study is due pointy to the
gainful and developmental inputs agriculture can make to the economy and most
importantly to the tremendous role of transportation infrastructure on regional
economies. This is because transport and
development, as well as Agriculture are usually regarded as closely related
since each of them influences the fortures and relative rate of growth of others.
The significance of the study is further highlighted
considering that in Nigeria, the road is the only mode of transport by which
all the states of federation are linked especially with regards to the movement
and distribution of Agricultural products from various rural areas of
production to the different urban areas of the states for consumption.
Finally, the study shall also serve as a stimulant or
reference guide for further research in this area especially in this era of
population explosion and impending food storage.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE
In Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, most of the Agricultural
Products (Yams, garri, cassava, rice, vegetables, tomatoes etc), are produced
in the villages located in remote towns.
Because of difference in ecological factors such as climate, soil
texture, topography etc, some village produce more of one or several type of
food and other Agricultural products than the others.
Taking cognizance of the fact that the study covers the
entire Abakaliki local government area, as a result of dearth of time
therefore, it would be time some and almost impossible to visit all the towns
and villages in Abakaliki L.G.A. Ebonyi State.
Secondly, because the attendant cost involved if the whole
towns and villages should be visited cannot be afforded by the researcher,
coupled with the final year academic work, and recognizing that Abakaliki town
is the greatest producer of the main staple food items (yam, garri, cassava,
rice, groundnut, pepper) in the state, the study therefore will be estricted
and limited to the aforesaid zone in investigating the ro9le of road
transportation mode in marketing Agricultural products in Abakaliki, Ebonyi
Considering that the subject matter of the study is the role
of road transport mode in the marketing of Agricultural products. Definition of term will be attempted.
However, such definitions are only made and to be understood
within the contest of the study.
Agriculture may be defined as the Science, art, and business
of farming, it involves all activities directed towards food production.
Marketing, on the other hand, is defined as the performance
of all business activities that direct the flow of goods and services from the
producer to the consumer it emphasizes the flow of products or service that
have already been produced.
Agricultural marketing therefore, may be defined as the
performance of all business activities involved in the flow of Agricultural
products and services from the point of initial Agricultural production until
they are in the hands of consumer’s it involves the application of the
knowledge of marketing to the formulation, implementation and control of
activities which are directly or related to agriculture.