EFFECT OF DEFOLIATION AND NPK FERTILIZER ON YIELD OF MAIZE (ZEA MAYS L)

Type: Project Materials | Format: Ms Word | Attribute: Documentation Only | Pages: 62 Pages | Chapters: 1-5 chapters | Price: ₦ 3,000.00

1,964 marked this research material reliable.
Call or whatsapp: +2347063298784 or email: info@allprojectmaterials.com
Excellent and professional research project topics and materials website. All the research tools, journals, seminars, essays, article, books, term papers, softwares and project materials for your research guide and final year projects are available here.

CHAPTER ONE

 

INTRODUCTION

 

Maize (Zea mays L.) is a member of the grass family (Poaceae). It originated from South and Central America. It was introduced to West Africa by the Portuguese in the 17th century. In the world agricultural economy, maize is one of the important crop as it has higher yield potential than any other cereals and it is often referred to as “miracle” crop or the “queen” of cereals (Iken and Amusa, 2004). Maize is grown both as food for man and feed for animal. Maize can be consumed maize as a starchy base in a wide variety of porridges, pastes, grits and beer. Green maize (fresh on the cob) is eaten parched, baked, roasted or boiled and plays an important role in filling the hunger gap after the dry season (Agbato, 2003). Many agro-based industries depend on maize as raw material for their production (Iken and Amusa, 2004).

 

Photosynthesis is one of the important biochemical processes which take place in chloroplast of leaves. It is the ability of green leaves only to utilize the energy of light to produce carbon containing organic material from stable inorganic matter by photosynthesis process. Photosynthesis efficiency depends on light interception by canopy of leaves which is strongly influenced by size, angle and orientation of leaf area (Erbas and Baydar, 2000). One of the most important factors affecting yield and its components is assimilate availability and allocation to reproductive structures, which is primarily determined by leaf area, photosynthetic activity and the number of competing sinks (Mauney et al., 1978). The reduction in the photosynthetic activity of a plant due to loss in leaf area could result in yield loss. The loss in yield varies depending on the variety, stage of growth of the crop and the intensity of leaf loss.

 

Defoliation, or leaf damage, such as that associated with hailstorm, frost, wind, disease crop protection chemicals vegetation eating animal and insects, can influence pollination and subsequent grain production (Hassan, 2012). Defoliation treatments decreases assimilate availability during grain filling leading to low productivity (Mauney et al., 1978). Grain yield is strongly depended on leaf area index, (LAI), leaf area duration (LAD) and leaves efficiency for absorption of solar radiation for photosynthesis process (Mouhamed and Ouda, 2006). Defoliation reduced crop yield due to reduced photosynthetic capacity leading to reduced production of assimilate (Erbas and Baydar, 2000). Luzuriaga et al. (2006) reported that in Sinapis arvensis, addition of nitrogen to maternal environment reduced germination rate of seeds. In other research, seed germination percentage reduced due to increasing maternal nutrient and light levels (Galloway, 2001). In Vicia sativa, seeds produced by plants in different defoliation treatments had similar germination percentage and germination time (Koptur et al., 1996). Maturity in maize was significantly affected by defoliation treatments and soluble-solid content in the stem reduced quickly after leaf removal (Tollenaar and Daynard, 1987).

 

Adequate fertilizer application can go a long way to ameliorate the effect of leaves defoliation on the crop production. Plants showed responses to growth and yield in soils treated with fertilizers (FAO,2004).

 

The role of fertilizer application should be emphasized in development of crops in Nigeria (FAO, 2004). Maize requires a lot of nutrient for proper growth and yield. Generally, an application of 15:15:15 compound fertilizer at the rate of 300 kgha-1 should be made at sowing time and at 6 weeks after sowing (Agboola, 1982; Agbato, 2003).

 

The objectives of this study are:

 

To evaluate the effect of defoliation on yield of maize.

 

To determine the effect of NPK fertilizer on defoliated maize.

EFFECT OF DEFOLIATION AND NPK FERTILIZER ON YIELD OF MAIZE (ZEA MAYS L)

Additional Information

  • The Project Material is available for download.
  • The Research material is delivered within 15-30 Minutes.
  • The Material is complete from Preliminary Pages to References.
  • Well Researched and Approved for supervision.
  • Click the download button below to get the complete project material.

Frequently Asked Questions

In-order to give you the best service available online, we have compiled frequently asked questions (FAQ) from our clients so as to answer them and make your visit much more interesting.

We are proudly Nigerians, and we are well aware of fraudulent activities that has been ongoing in the internet. To make it well known to our customers, we are geniune and duely registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission of the republic of Nigeria. Remember, Fraudulent sites can NEVER post bank accounts or contact address which contains personal information. Free chapter One is always given on the site to prove to you that we have the material. If you are unable to view the free chapter 1 send an email to info@allprojectmaterials.com with the subject head "FREE CHAPTER 1' plus the topic. You will get a free chapter 1 within an hour. You can also check out what our happy clients have to say.


Students are always advised to use our materials as guide. However, if you have a different case study, you may need to consult one of our professional writers to help you with that. Depending on similarity of the organization/industry you may modify if you wish.


We have professional writers in various disciplines. If you have a fresh topic, just click Hire a Writer or click here to fill the form and one of our writers will contact you shortly.


Yes it is a complete research project. We ensure that our client receives complete project materials which includes chapters 1-5, full references, questionnaires/secondary data, etc.


Depending on how fast your request is acknowledged by us, you will get the complete project material withing 15-30 minutes. However, on a very good day you can still get it within 5 minutes!

What Clients Say

Our Researchers are happy, see what they are saying. Share your own experience with the world.
Be polite and honest, as we seek to expand our business and reach more people. Thank you.

Project Information

  • CATEGORY : AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION
  • TYPE : PROJECT MATERIAL
  • FORMAT : MICROSOFT WORD
  • ATTRIBUTE : Documentation Only
  • PAGES : 62 Pages
  • CHAPTERS : 1 - 5
  • PRICE : ₦ 3,000.00

Share Links

Download Post
Download Post

Search for Project Topics

Project topics in Departments

Do you need a writer for your academic work?

Reviews:
A Review on effect of defoliation and npk fertilizer on yield of maize (zea mays l), effect, defoliation, fertilizer project topics, researchcub.info, project topic, list of project topics, research project topics, journals, books, Academic writer.
Maize (Zea mays L.) is a member of the grass family (Poaceae). It originated from South and Central America. It was introduced to West Africa by the Portuguese in the 17th century. In the world agricultural economy, maize is one of the important crop as it has higher yield potential than any other cereals and it is often referred to as “miracle” crop or the “queen” of cereals (Iken and Amusa, 2004). Maize is grown both as food for man and feed for animal. Maize can be consumed maize as a starchy base in a wide variety of porridges, pastes, grits and beer. Green maize (fresh on the cob) is eaten parched, baked, roasted or boiled and plays an important role in filling the hunger gap after the dry season (Agbato, 2003). Many agro-based industries depend on maize as raw material for their production (Iken and Amusa, 2004). Photosynthesis is one of the important biochemical processes which take place in chloroplast of leaves. It is the ability of green leaves only to utilize the energy of light to produce carbon containing organic material from stable inorganic matter by photosynthesis process. Photosynthesis efficiency depends on light interception by canopy of leaves which is strongly influenced by size, angle and orientation of leaf area (Erbas and Baydar, 2000). One of the most important factors affecting yield and its components is assimilate availability and allocation to reproductive structures, which is primarily determined by leaf area, photosynthetic activity and the.. agricultural extension project topics

EFFECT OF DEFOLIATION AND NPK FERTILIZER ON YIELD OF MAIZE (ZEA MAYS L)