Bush burning removes the natural vegetation cover that
protects the soil surface. This exposes the land to the effects of wind and
water erosion. It should however noted that burning on agricultural lands in
Okada in Ovia North East Local Government Area attention was focused on the
merit and demerit of burning agricultural land in chapter five. At the later
part of this chapter, useful suggestions and recommendations were given on how
to carryout burning by trying to avoid bad effects on burning agricultural
lands in Okada in Ovia North East Local Government Area of Edo State. However
these suggestions and recommendations are mainly on the part of the governments
which are as follows:
The government should help in prohibition of bush burning
careless use of fire by enlightening the farmers and the public.
The government is to ensure that there are fires services in
the rural area are well equipped with materials to fight against the outbreak
of fire especially in the forest reserves.
The government should provide for some merchandised
equipment to the local farmers to hire for use at a cheap rate in order to
minimize the act of burning agricultural lands by local farmers.
The government should also provide fertilizer to replenish
lost nutrients during burning.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background of the study
Statement of the problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope of the study
Limitation of the study
Definition of terms
Historical Literature review
Population of the study
Data presentation and interpretation of result
Summary, conclusion and recommendation
1.1 BACKGROUND TO
Burning with reference to land cultivation is a method of
land preparation in Edo State. In general and in Okada in Ovia North East Local
Government Area of Edo State in particular bush burning generally is the method
of removing the natural vegetable from the surface of the soil by setting fire
on debris. Bush burning causes serious damage to trees and crops, its effect of
public concern which should not be for farmer alone and should be handled with
seriousness, practice of burning of fire could also lead to accidental burning
of his land and other properties at his disposal, this ideals of burning his
farm came to him with the food that fire has left behind after roasting his
food, fire spread and destroyed all that was left behind in the environment.
Burning the farmland for the cultivation of crops has a
remarkable effect on the soil fertility. During burning process some nutrients
that are highly needed by the plants are lost out in form of gasses such
nutrient include phosphorous, nitrogen and sulphur. The ash which is the
principle products of burnt material although rich in phosphorous, nitrogen and
potassium can be easily washed away by rain. The heat produced during burning
creates an unfavourable condition for activities of the soil organism such as
earthworms, bacteria etc.
He also found out the seed of fruits he has eaten and thrown
off has grown in his burnt land and as a result of this included burning in his
farm system. The practice of burning can be traced back of about 2000 years
ago, it was discovered that most of the vegetation debris after clearing,
especially on a large scale farming and small scale farms. Apart from burning
the land for cultivation purpose animals are also trapped.
1.2 PURPOSE OF STUDY
Bush burning has become part and parcel of the activities of
farmers in this area. The negative effects are not considered at all. Hence it
is important to highlight these for the farmers to experience and observe the
dangerous effects of bush burning as it affect the soil as a whole.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Since bush burning is the major lands preparation practice,
it is important to study the effect of bush burning on agricultural lands and
also to carryout investigation on how far bush burning has affected
agricultural land in Okada in Ovia North East Local Government Area of Edo
State and possibly find alternative measure to avoid bush burning.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of this project is limited to Ovia North East
Local Government Area of Edo State, some important towns and villages in Ovia
North East Local Government Area such as Ekiadolor Town, Evboneka, Ughoton etc
where farming operation is carried extensively and that burning issues form the
scope of my study. This is due to some constraints
1.5 AIMS AND
This aims and objective of this project are:
analyze the effect of burning on economic tree crops
analyze some of the effect of bush burning on different soil structures
analyze the effect of bush burning in relationship to land in Ovia North East
Local Government Area of Edo State.
analyze some of the effect of burning on crop plants.
identify the effect of bush burning on agricultural land in Ovia North East
Local Government of Edo State.
analyze the use of bush burning as a weed control measure or method.
1.6 STATEMENT OF
Burning is a major problem with agricultural land in our
contemporary society especially Okada in Ovia North East Local Government Area
of Edo State. The study answers the following questions;
1. Does bush
burning have effect on farm crop or plant?
2. Does bush
burning reduce the effect of weed or a measure to control weed?
burning to fight against pest?
4. Do you
consider bush burning as the cheapest method of land preparation?