FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING RATIOS AS TOOLS FOR THE EVALUATION OF MANAGEMENT PERFORMANCE (A CASE STUDY OF NESTLE FOOD NIGERIA PLC)


FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING RATIOS AS TOOLS FOR THE EVALUATION OF MANAGEMENT PERFORMANCE (A CASE STUDY OF NESTLE FOOD NIGERIA PLC)

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ABSTRACT

 

This research work was motivated by the need to unveil the task encountered by most uninformed and literate indigene and other African investors in various firm’s of their choices.

The research work listed 30 respondents from the Nestle Food Nigeria Plc coupled with its stakeholders.  The annual accounts and reports of five years, which span from 2000-2004 was used.

 

The research instrument employed in eliciting response from respondents is the personal inter view method.

 

This research work was able to make the following findings.

The capital structure of Nestle Food Nigeria Plc is devoid of preference share, which attract a fixed rate of dividend.

The firm continuously reviews its performance and set improved target that will ensure survival of the business in the interest f all the stakeholders.

 

It also recommend that Nestle Food Nigeria Plc should Endeavour to disclose certain vital investors financial statistics such as the market price per share of its highly sought after shares in the Nigerian Stock Exchange floor.


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1      BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Financial accounting informal ion contained in financial statement of business entities, is the bedrock for the computation of accounting ratios of business concern. This in turns form the: basic for the evaluation of both present and past business (operational) 1) Performances by users of financial information, which are also referred to as the stakeholders.

 

It is worthy of note to ascert that the information contained in financial statement are well organized m such a way that will enable its users to draw reasonable conclusion with respect to the financial position and performance (past, present and future) of the reporting entity. Ratio is one of the financial analytical tools used in assessing quantitative event (past, present and anticipated future financial position.

 

Financial accounting ratios to a proportion of fraction or percentage expressing the relationship between one iii a set of’ financial statement and another items in the same financial statement of the tools used in the analysis and interpretation of financial statement such as the cash flow statement and accounting ratios, the later has been proved to be the most powerful tool.

 

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Although, financial ratios analysis is the most powerful tool used in analyzing (lie financial and operating performances of firms, the technique suffer from some bottle necks which are also inherent in financial statement prepared and presented to the public.

A major draw back derived from the fact that facts and figures mostly computed from historical accounts also suffer from same limitations which historical account have. For instance

i.      Financial ratio analysis drawn from historical information is of little use in assessing the future prospects of a firm.

ii.     Financial ratios are quantifiable information like the change in personnel level over-time.

iii.    Some financial ratios are not universally accepted as uniform parameter far financial analysis, such as the Return on capital employed (ROCE)

Closely allied to this is the fact that the figured of financial statement are not adjusted far changes in the price level, thus heady to unhealthy financial evaluation.

 

1.3   RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The following are research formulated in assessing the financial health of Nestle Food Nigeria Plc.

i.            To what extent have the firm been operating profitability in terms of its profit margin and assets utilization?

ii.          Is the firm consistent in the use of its accounting policies?.

iii.        Can the firm sustain or improve its profitability and operating Performance given the strategic competitive advantages in the industry?

iv.         Is the ratio of slow moving stock high in the current asset mix?

v.           How frequently and efficiently do, the firms convert its current asset into current liabilities?

vi.         To what extent has the firm been able to efficiently managed its working capital?.

vii.       How efficiently has the firm been able to convert its current asset into liquid cash?


1.4   RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

The research work is aim at finding answer to certain hypothesis that are central to the research work. These hypotheses include:

1.     HO:  Ratio analysis assists in evaluating and measuring both operating and financial performances of management.
HA: Financial ration analysis does not assist in assessing and
measuring both operating and financial performances of
management.

2.     HO: The result of a well conducted financial ratios can be used basis for forecasting future performances and efficiency of management.

HA: The result of a well conducted financial ratio analysis can be used as a basis for forecasting future performances and efficiency of management.

3.     HO: Financial ratio analysis is used as a basis for decision making by stakeholders

HA: Financial ratio analysis is not used for decision-making by shareholders.

 

 

 

1.5   PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

This research work is design primarily to justify and place more premiums on the use of financial ratios as veritable tools. For evaluation and measuring the performances and efficiency of management.

 
The prime purpose of the study is to analyze by way of financial ratio, the financial statement of Nestle Food Nigeria Plc in order to determine.

i.            The efficiency of the firm in the use of its assets

ii.          The profitability and productivity of the firm

iii.        Whether the firm is capable of meeting its current financial obligation as at when due.

iv.         The source of long-term funds employed by the firm.

v.           Whether the firm is measuring up in terms of the average industry ratio established.

vi.         How technique of financial ratio can be effectively employed by
shareholder and stakeholders in analyzing the performance of the firm (s) of their choice.

FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING RATIOS AS TOOLS FOR THE EVALUATION OF MANAGEMENT PERFORMANCE (A CASE STUDY OF NESTLE FOOD NIGERIA PLC)

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Project Information

  • CATEGORY : ACCOUNTING
  • TYPE : PROJECT MATERIAL
  • FORMAT : MICROSOFT WORD
  • ATTRIBUTE : Documentation Only
  • PAGES : 90 Pages
  • CHAPTERS : 1 - 5
  • PRICE : ₦ 3,000.00

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This research work was motivated by the need to unveil the task encountered by most uninformed and literate indigene and other African investors in various firm’s of their choices. The research work listed 30 respondents from the Nestle Food Nigeria Plc coupled with its stakeholders. The annual accounts and reports of five years, which span from 2000-2004 was used. This research work was able to make the following findings. The capital structure of Nestle Food Nigeria Plc is devoid of preference share, which attract a fixed rate of dividend. The firm continuously reviews its performance and set improved target that will ensure survival of the business in the interest f all the stakeholders... accounting project topics

FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING RATIOS AS TOOLS FOR THE EVALUATION OF MANAGEMENT PERFORMANCE (A CASE STUDY OF NESTLE FOOD NIGERIA PLC)