BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Micro-finance is the supply of loans, savinsgs, and other
basic financial services to the poor. People living in poverty, like everyone
else, need a diverse range of financial instruments to run their business,
build assets, stabilize consumption, and money transfer services.
Financial services for the poor have proved to be a powerful
instrument for poverty reduction that enables the poor to build assets,
increases, and reduce their vulnerability to economic stress. However, with
nearly one billion people still lacking access to base financial services,
especially the very poor, the challenges of providing financial services to
them remains. Convenient, safe and secured deposit services are a particularly
Nonetheless, these financial institutions have challenges in
keeping their financial records. Financial record keeping is so important in
any financial organization that is, it forms the foundation stone in which a
business is laid and it determines the survival and continuity of that
business. It gives direction and flow of activities and it brings to light a
good record which initiates business ideas.
Financial record keeping in business ranging from the
smallest business activities up to the complex multi-national business, cannot
be overemphasize. It relates the internal business activities such as policies,
plan and finances as well as inter-business activities to the external world.
The relevancy of record-keeping is statutory back by the
provision of CAMA 1990, BOFID and other regulatory pronouncement such as SAS,
However, financial record-keeping geared toward
Micro-financing aspect, a necessary adjunct in business financing which
provides an elementary survey of trends in the previous and recent development
in micro-activities in Nigeria.
The poor, to a greater extent heavily reliance on
micro-finance and on special credit evidently seen in the support of the
government and private sector initiatives to support small scale enterprises.
The traditional financial system which to a large extent have supported the
course have began to wane off recently due to conflict of interest between
borrowers and lenders due to risk and uncertainty such as death of borrower,
lack of collateral security due to limited (or no) assets and most importantly
lack or record-keeping (borrower) and track record of borrowing by lender