AN APPRAISAL OF THE USEFULNESS OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS IN BUSINESS ORGANIZATION


AN APPRAISAL OF THE USEFULNESS OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS IN BUSINESS ORGANIZATION

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AN APPRAISAL OF THE USEFULNESS OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS IN BUSINESS ORGANIZATION
AN APPRAISAL OF THE USEFULNESS OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS IN BUSINESS ORGANIZATION

Abstract

 

This research work was designed to appraise the financial statements in assessing the performance of companies and in giving investment, government and others, what the companies are worth. The purpose of this study is to find out whether investors carry out analysis of financial statements before making investment decisions and how the company’s financial statements are influenced by political instability. To achieve the objective of this study, the researcher formulated questionnaires, which were administered to the respondents to gather data drawn from the subject being studied. The data entered were analyzed using simple percentage method. The following findings among others was made that company  financial statement are of immense importance to be analyzed by prospective investors and the management so as to know what a company is worth and based on the findings, the researcher recommended among others that in taking investment decision, companies should  present information so obtained  and translated into financial statement in a clear and simple form to the management, shareholder or investors.

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

TITLE PAGE                                               

 

APPROVAL PAGE                                                ii

 

DEDICATION                                                      iii

 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT                                                iv

 

ABTRACT                                                            v

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS                                          vi

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

INTRODUCTION                                           1

Background of the study                          1

Statement of problems                             5

Objectives of the study                            5

Research Question                                   6

Significance of the  study                                7

Scope of the study                                         8

Limitations of the  study                                  8

Definition of terms                                          9

CHAPTER TWO

 

LITRATURE REVIEW                                           13

Introduction                                                   13

Development of generally

Accepted accounting principles                        28

 

the  objectives of statement

of changes in financial position                         30

 

users of financial statement                             31

characteristics of good financial Information      34

CHAPTER THREE

 

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 38

Summary                                                          38

Conclusion                                                        39

Recommendation                                              40

  References                                                   43

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

1.0 INTRODUCTION

 

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Financial statements are part of which is to communicate information about the company to those who have a right to receive it for instance shareholders. Financial statement provide an indication if the company’s trading performance.

 

As a minimum, financial statement includes profit and loss account, balance sheet and related explanatory notes and also cash flow statements.

 

The analysis of financial statements is therefore the interpretation and transaction of facts and data contained in the financial statements. The purpose being the drawing of relevant conclusions operation, financial position and future prospects.

 

The procedure involves the analysis of data contained in the financial statements. For example, in carrying is a very important figure. Similarly, in balance sheet analysis, the components are net assts which is usually compared with capital, loan stock and involving capital.

 

Transaction of those data into clear and simple form: the translation process may lead to extraction of ratios or percentages that established relationship between comparable data or even the presentation of graph and charts, and also drawing relevant, conclusion and making inferences concerning the company’s financial position, stability, profitability and solvency.

 

Presentation of information so obtained for decision making. The information is used for future controls and policies. The application of this information will involve the isolation of the factors responsible for the state of affairs revealed by the analysis. The analysis could be horizontal or vertical, internal or external.

 

Horizontal analysis is a comparison of data in financial statements of two or more consecutive accounting periods to detect whether performance has improved or not. For example, the profit if a company in a year can be compared with those of another year which a trend may arise from the analysis. This analysis is internal as if concerns financial data of one company alone. A horizontal analysis of financial statement can be internal when a comparative study of data between one company’s financial statement and that of another company over a given time is wholly internal and involves a comparative analysis of data between one company’s financial statement and trite of another company over a comparative analysis of data in financial statement within a single period.

AN APPRAISAL OF THE USEFULNESS OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS IN BUSINESS ORGANIZATION

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This research work was designed to appraise the financial statements in assessing the performance of companies and in giving investment, government and others, what the companies are worth. The purpose of this study is to find out whether investors carry out analysis of financial statements before making investment decisions and how the company’s financial statements are influenced by political instability. To achieve the objective of this study, the researcher formulated questionnaires, which were administered to the respondents to gather data drawn from the subject being studied. The data entered were analyzed using simple percentage method. The following findings among others was made that company financial statement are of immense importance to be analyzed by prospective investors and the management so as to know what a company is worth and based on the findings, the researcher recommended among others that in taking investment decision, companies should present information so obtained and translated into financial statement in a clear and simple form to the management, shareholder or investors... accounting project topics

AN APPRAISAL OF THE USEFULNESS OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS IN BUSINESS ORGANIZATION

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