THE EFFECT OF OVERHEAD COST ON THE SELLING PRICE OF A PRODUCT A CASE STUDY OF UNILEVER PLC, WARRI BRANCH


THE EFFECT OF OVERHEAD COST ON THE SELLING PRICE OF A PRODUCT A CASE STUDY OF UNILEVER PLC, WARRI BRANCH

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THE EFFECT OF OVERHEAD COST ON THE SELLING PRICE OF A PRODUCT A CASE STUDY OF UNILEVER PLC, WARRI BRANCH

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTIO

1.1 Background of the Study In view of the cost of manufacturing which involves the conclusion of raw materials to finish goods through the utilization of labour and overhead support, therefore, the (3) three basic element of manufacturing cost are direct labour, direct material and production overhead. The selling price of a product brings the separation of cost into both manufacturing costs, which are useful at the stage of introduction period cost and product cost. Tuned Aderibighe (2002) proves to that in a merchandizing company, the cost of good sold during a given period is obtained by adjusting purchase during the period with the difference between, the closing and opening inventory of goods. However, in the case of manufacturing company, the cost of good sold is obtained by adjusting the cost of good manufacturing during that period with the difference between the opening inventory and the closing inventory of finish goods. But, in order to determine the cost of goods manufactured during that period, we must first of all adjust the difference between the beginning and the ending work in progress. So far, in an attempt to find the cost of a group of units of product, we don’t have much problem because we can trace the production overhead cost as the part of the costs that are necessary for the production of such product. Besides, the production stage of a company like “Unliever Plc” relies on the quality branding experience of its products and services respectively for the sole determinant of its success or achievement of marketing goals.

Bell Martins (2000) of marketing concept and strategy, where he analyse pricing as a crucial aspect of the sale appeal. Though, pricing is one of the importance of marketing mix, it must determine the price of a product as it is obviously known that it is the price charged by a company on it product that will determine if the product will succeed or fail and which can make the company records losses or profit. A company like “Unliever Plc” relies on the ability of its sales function for achievement of its marketing objectives, where emphasis is heavily placed on sales management issues. As far as I am concerned on the steps towards the charging of overhead cost to the units, all overhead cost that are traceable to various costs centres are first dealt with, that is, the process of charging to a cost centre the overhead costs, arises solely because the cost must be incurred solely by the cost centre. The effect of overhead costs of “UNLIEVER PLC” on selling price of a product could be obtained through the indirect material, clock cord payment for product workers who have spent their time on the maintenance of equipment along side with invoices from supplies and agencies for electricity bills, vents, rates and petrol among other items. Lever Brother Nigeria PLC, a leading company in the industrial sector is involved in the manufacturing and marketing of detergent, soap, skin cream, tooth paste, squash drink, edible oils, fats tea and coffee as well as range of petroleum jelly and other personal care products. The aim of the company is to lead in out core market of fast consumer product and achieve strong profitable growth by the best at identifying and meeting consumers need through delivery of superior valued products. The objectives of the company is to bring in expatriates who are willing and able to work in Nigeria and who will contribute as well as to help train Nigeria Lever Brother PLC, it has been dedicated to the production of top product brands for Nigeria for over seventy years.

1.2 Statement of the Study In this present time of poor economy situation of the country, there has been a persistence race of poor variance on the cost of a product, which mostly was due to the lack of control. The primary motive of a firm is to set a standard on its products in order to achieve its goals and objectives. Thus, the need for the satisfaction parameter to be enjoy by the society a large that, any company that makes profit must be able to enjoy more people thereby satisfying an essential aspect of the societal need. Unfortunately, some organisations concentrate more on manufacturing as only the conversion of raw materials to finished goods through the utilization of labour and overhead without paying much attention to the cost of good sold during the given period. As some organisation face serious unfavourable returns, “UNLIEVER PLC” is facing a serious profit squeeze. Hence, this project will analyse the effect of overhead cost control on the selling price of product, that could considerably enhance a company.

1.3 Objectives of the Study The aim and objectives of this research work are:

To know the activities involve in the physical charging of raw materials to finish goods.

To identify the process of charging to cost centre of a fair share of common item of cost.

To identify the actual overhead cost that can be trace directly to each cost centre.

To know that the differentiation of actual overhead and absorbed factory overhead is essential.

To know that the marketing sales and subsequent services to the output of a business is an essential role to be played on the selling price of a product.

1.4 Research Questions

How can the processes of charging to cost centre of a fair share of common item of cost can be identify?

How can we identify the actual overhead cost that can be trace directly to each cost centre?

How essential is the differentiation between the actual overhead and absorbed factory overhead?

What is the role played on the selling price of a product by the marketing sales and subsequent services to the output of a business?

What are the activities involved in the physical charging of raw material to finish goods?

THE EFFECT OF OVERHEAD COST ON THE SELLING PRICE OF A PRODUCT A CASE STUDY OF UNILEVER PLC, WARRI BRANCH

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1.1 Background of the Study In view of the cost of manufacturing which involves the conclusion of raw materials to finish goods through the utilization of labour and overhead support, therefore, the (3) three basic element of manufacturing cost are direct labour, direct material and production overhead. The selling price of a product brings the separation of cost into both manufacturing costs, which are useful at the stage of introduction period cost and product cost. Tuned Aderibighe (2002) proves to that in a merchandizing company, the cost of good sold during a given period is obtained by adjusting purchase during the period with the difference between, the closing and opening inventory of goods. However, in the case of manufacturing company, the cost of good sold is obtained by adjusting the cost of good manufacturing during that period with the difference between the opening inventory and the closing inventory of finish goods. But, in order to determine the cost of goods manufactured during that period, we must first of all adjust the difference between the beginning and the ending work in progress. So far, in an attempt to find the cost of a group of units of product, we don’t have much problem because we can trace the production overhead cost as the part of the costs that are necessary for the production of such product. Besides, the production stage of a company like “Unliever Plc” relies on the quality branding experience of its products and services respectively for.. accounting project topics

THE EFFECT OF OVERHEAD COST ON THE SELLING PRICE OF A PRODUCT A CASE STUDY OF UNILEVER PLC, WARRI BRANCH

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  • CATEGORY : ACCOUNTING
  • TYPE : PROJECT MATERIAL
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  • PAGES : 70 Pages
  • CHAPTERS : 1 - 5
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