THE IMPACT OF EMPLOYEES PARTICIPATION IN DECISION MAKING AND ORGANIZATIONAL PRODUCTIVITY (A CASE STUDY OF ANAMMCO COMPANY ENUGU)


THE IMPACT OF EMPLOYEES PARTICIPATION IN DECISION MAKING AND ORGANIZATIONAL PRODUCTIVITY (A CASE STUDY OF ANAMMCO COMPANY ENUGU)

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THE IMPACT OF EMPLOYEES PARTICIPATION IN DECISION MAKING AND ORGANIZATIONAL PRODUCTIVITY (A CASE STUDY OF ANAMMCO COMPANY ENUGU)

ABSTRACT

          In centralized organization, employees are not allowed to participate in delusion making. This is because, it is feared that they are not competent and as a result we contribute meaningfully in decision of the organization.

          The essences of this project research are to access the impact employee’s participation in ANAMMCO, Enugu and to ascertain the impact of employee participation in management decision of productivity of the organization.

          The study was designed with descriptive survey method and library techniques and also questionnaire, interview and library materials where used in collecting data. A test technique was used in testing for reliability of the instrument.

Research question were posed and understated hypothesis tested chi-square method.

          -Management staff means decision without pre and post discussion and consultation without employees.

-Management of ANAMMCO does not change decision when rejected by employees.

However, it was concluded accordingly: That management staff make decision with pre and post decision and consultation with employee.

          That management of ANAMMCO changes decision when they are rejected by employee.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction                                                                                               1

1.1     Background of the Study                                                                  1

1.2     Statement of the Problem                                                        3

1.3     Purpose of the Study                                                               4

1.4     Scope of the Study                                                                  4

1.5     Research Question                                                                            5

1.6     Significance of the Study                                                         5

1.7     Limitation of the Study                                                           6

1.8     Definition of Terms                                                                 6

CHAPTER TWO                           

2.1     Review of Related Literature                                                   8

2.2     Theories of Decision Making                                                   13

2.3     Productivity in Am Organization                                            19

2.4     Employee Participation in Decision Making in an         Organization.23

 

 

CHAPTER THREE

          Research Design and Methodology                                         42

3.1     Research Design                                                                      42

3.2     Scope of the Study/Area of the Study                                               42

3.3     Population of the Study                                                                    43

3.4     Size and Sample Procedure                                                     44

3.5     Instrument for Data Collection                                                         48

3.6     Validation of the Instrument                                                   49

3.7     Reliability of the Instruments                                                  49

3.8     Method of Data Collection                                                      50

3.9     Method of Data Analysis                                                        50

                                                                  

CHAPTER FOUR

Data Presentation and Analysis                                                                 52

4.1     Presentation and Analysis of Data                                          52

4.2     Testing of hypothesis                                                              66

4.3     Summary of result                                                                            69

CHAPTER FIVE         

Discussion, Recommendation and Conclusion                                 70

5.1     Discussion of Result / Findings                                                         70

5.2     Conclusions                                                                             73

5.3     Implications of the Research Findings                                     74

5.4     Recommendations                                                                             75

5.5     Suggestion for Research                                                                    78

Bibliography                                                                           80

Appendix                                                                                          84

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     BACKGROUND

          It should be recalled that a decision is a choice by a person forms a conclusion about a situation, Costello, T.W and Zalkind, S.S (1963 P. 334), confined the term choice process, choosing one from among several possibilities. However, Decision theory in Costello, T.W et al (1963, P.387) largely considers decision as the process of making a single choice among courses of action at a particular point in time. This depicts a course of behaviour about what must be done or vice versa. Decision is however, the point at which plans, policies and objectives are translated into concrete action. Planning engenders decision guided by company policy and objectives and implies the selection from alternative, policies, procedures and programmes. The aim of decision making is to demand human behaviour towards a figure goal.

          Decision-making is however, one of the most determined activities of management. It has been the preoccupation of all the management of multifarious organization ranging from small-scale organization to multinational corporations.

Managers many at times consider decision making to be heart of their job in that must always choose what is to be done, who will do it, when where and most of the time,. How it will be done.

          Traditionally, managers influence the ordinary employees and specially, their immediate sub- ordinate in the organization.

          This has resulted in managers making unilateral decision even in areas affecting their subordinates.

In Germany, around 1951, a law was enacted which provides for code termination and requires labour membership in the supervisory board and executive committee of certain large corporation.

          However, the participation of labour in decision making process resulted to relatively and peaceful labour management relations.

          Additionally, the Japanese management uses decision by consensus in which lower level employees initiate the idea and submit it to the next higher –level unit it reaches the desk of the top executive. If the proposal is approves, it is returned to the initiator for implementation.

          It is this context, which the researcher wishes to access the impact of the employee participation in decision on organizational productivity in Nigeria public sector organizations, using Anambra motor manufacturing company (ANAMMCO) as a case of study.

 

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

          There has been lost of controversy as to whether an employee should participate in managerial decision making or not. Some writers argued that employees should contribute in making decision more especially where it affects them on their jobs. It is expected that such participation will serve as training and testing ground for future members of upper management.

          In Nigeria, exports that refuted the above assertion see the arrangement as symptom of mal-organization. They maintained that, qualified, reasonably, honest and company oriented individuals are not available at this lower organizational levels. But, the big question is, qualified individual really available? All this underlay for an investigation study.

 

1.3     PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

         The general purpose of this empirical study is to access the impact of employees’ participation in managerial decision making in public sector organization in Nigeria with reference Anambra motor manufacturing company (ANAMMCO).

The specific objective are

1.       To access the impact of employee participation in        management decision making in ANAMMCO.

2.       To ascertain the impact of employee participation in    managerial decision on productivity of the organization.

3.       To make recommendations based on research findings.

THE IMPACT OF EMPLOYEES PARTICIPATION IN DECISION MAKING AND ORGANIZATIONAL PRODUCTIVITY (A CASE STUDY OF ANAMMCO COMPANY ENUGU)

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In centralized organization, employees are not allowed to participate in delusion making. This is because, it is feared that they are not competent and as a result we contribute meaningfully in decision of the organization. The essences of this project research are to access the impact employee’s participation in ANAMMCO, Enugu and to ascertain the impact of employee participation in management decision of productivity of the organization. The study was designed with descriptive survey method and library techniques and also questionnaire, interview and library materials where used in collecting data. A test technique was used in testing for reliability of the instrument. Research question were posed and understated hypothesis tested chi-square method. -Management staff means decision without pre and post discussion and consultation without employees. -Management of ANAMMCO does not change decision when rejected by employees. However, it was concluded accordingly: That management staff make decision with pre and post decision and consultation with employee. That management of ANAMMCO changes decision when they are rejected by employee... accounting project topics

THE IMPACT OF EMPLOYEES PARTICIPATION IN DECISION MAKING AND ORGANIZATIONAL PRODUCTIVITY (A CASE STUDY OF ANAMMCO COMPANY ENUGU)

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  • TYPE : PROJECT MATERIAL
  • FORMAT : MICROSOFT WORD
  • ATTRIBUTE : Documentation Only
  • PAGES : 67 Pages
  • CHAPTERS : 1 - 5
  • PRICE : ₦ 3,000.00

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