OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY OF AN X- ENGINEERING OUTSOURCING COMPANY

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OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY OF AN X- ENGINEERING OUTSOURCING COMPANY

Abstract

 

Occupational accidents bring with them serious problems, both financial and non-financial, for employees as well as organisations. The purpose of this study was to investigate adherence to health and safety standards in a selected X-engineering outsoucing company. A quantitative survey approach was used in which a structured questionnaire was administered to a purposively selected sample composed of 165 employees from a steel processing company based in the Gauteng province. The collected data were analysed using the Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS version 22.0). The results of the study confirm that employees in the selected steel processing company are satisfied with the degree of adherence to health and safety standards. Employees felt that the company has in place various rewards which are offered to employees whenever they successfully follow health and safety rules. The study further revealed that the labour union in the company participates actively in health and safety issues and that its recommendations are taken seriously by the company. Finally, employees are satisfied with the workplace surroundings in areas such as ventilation, room temperature, lighting and hygiene. Conclusions drawn from the study and recommendations are discussed.


 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

1.1        Introduction

 

Self-regulation and the implicit need for health and safety management systems and employee involvement was incorporated into the Health and safety at Work Act 1974. This was necessitated through the Robens report of 1972 where he proposed that health and safety management systems was essential if the ideal of self-regulation of health and safety by industry was to be realized. He further recognized that a more active involvement of the workforce in such systems was essential if self-regulation was to work.

 

Since the introduction of the HSW Act, health and safety standards have improved considerably but there have been some catastrophic failures, one of which is the Piper Alpha incident of 1988, where 167 people died as a result of a fire outbreak on the off-shore oil platform. At the subsequent inquiry, the concept of a safety culture was defined by the Director General of the HSE at the time, J. R. Remington and his definition has remained as one of the main checklists for a successful health and safety management system.

 

 

 

 

 

1.2 Background of the Study

 

Globalisation has created widespread changes in the labour market, with many organisations facing enormous pressure to stay profitable and competitive. Technological advances occupy an important position amongst these changes, and are primarily intended to improve productivity (Lund and Marriot, 2011). The rapid changes taking place in the labour market which are triggered by globalisation compel some organisations to take short cuts in the completion of work, leading to high rates of work-related health hazards and accidents (Huang et al., 2012). This unfortunately happens at the expense of the safety of employees in the workplace since strict safety regulations are typically disregarded (Baram, 2009). Adherence to work-related health and safety regulations is a huge challenge encountered by many organisations, and this phenomenon has serious implications on the productivity and reputation of an organisation (Omogoroye and Oke, 2007). Continuous efforts are therefore needed to curb the high incidents of health- and safety-related diseases and accidents in the workplace.

 

The South African steel processing sector and its upstream and downstream industries continue to play a critical role in the South African economy, directly employing approximately 1 779 000 employees nationwide (Statistics South Africa, 2015). Steel processing and manufacturing industries constantly need to maintain the desired safety standards to improve the present health and safety standard in order to protect the lives of employees, property as well as the working environment (Pajero-Moscoso, Rubio-Romero and Perez-Canto, 2012). This is because the steel manufacturing sector is a very hazardous environment to work in, as it is associated with various work-related hazards such as excessive heat, high noise level, hazardous gases and vibrations (Pollitt, 2011). Mthalane, Othman and Pearl (2007) report that employees in the steel processing sector experience various types of accidents such as stepping or striking against objects, sprains, strains, slipping, falling from heights, machinery and transport accidents in addition to numerous health risks. Hence, employees’ safety in the workplace is paramount especially in the steel manufacturing sector which is characterised by such high levels of accidents.

 

1.3 Aim of the Study

 

The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of employee perceptions of health and safety, health and safety adherence and employee health and safety behaviours on overall work-related health and safety awareness. The study was conducted in the auspices of x-engineering outsourcing company. As mentioned by Robbins and Judge (2007), non-compliance to the health and safety

 


 

regulations continues to be major challenge for steel companies. Millions of work-related accidents and deaths occur in steel plants worldwide, which is a major cause of concern (Lingard, Blismas and Cooke, 2009).

 

1.4 Problems of Study

Unfortunately, management sitting at the highest echelons in steel processing organisations is often aloof, has little information, and is inexperienced in shop floor issues regarding health and safety, making it very difficult for them to relate to the health and safety needs of the employees at the shop floor level (Bosak, Coetsee and Cullinane, 2013). Yet the increase of work-related injuries and diseases in the workplace is worrisome, given its severe impact on employees’ welfare and the high cost to businesses and the country’s economy (Casey and Krauss, 2013).

 

The costs to employees injured whilst furthering the interests of the employer in the workplace has serious implications on the injured employee. This places limits on future employment prospects for employees due to serious injuries suffered in the workplace (Watson et al., 2005). Other costs include the loss of wages, setting up rehabilitation centers and high medical costs (Bosak et al. 2013). In addition, it has been observed that work-related accidents and diseases occur mostly due to the decisions primarily made about work, choices about the way work is organised, and the materials and technologies used in the workplace (Rosenberg, Levenstein and Spangler, 2005). Unionised workplaces are more likely than non-unionised organisations to be inspected by labour inspectors. This is because employees that are unionised have health and safety committees in their workplaces as compared non-unionized employees (Gray and Mendeloff, 2005). Also, the lack of a safety culture among employees and failure to take responsibility for their safety contributes to high levels of accidents (Dahl, 2013). These issues require empirical attention, in order to generate appropriate long term solutions.

 

1.5 Objectives of Study

 

The present study is motivated by the lack of a previous research that focused on the interplay between employee perceptions, safety adherence, safety behaviours and health and safety awareness in the context of the steel processing sector in South Africa. More precisely, the following objectives were set for the study

 

       To determine the influence of employee perceptions of health and safety on their overall awareness of work-related health and safety within the steel processing industry;

 

       To establish the influence of adherence to health and safety standards by employees on their overall awareness of work-related health and safety in the steel processing industry;


 

 

       To determine the influence of the behaviours of employees in the steel processing industry regarding health and safety on their overall awareness of work-related health and safety.

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY OF AN X- ENGINEERING OUTSOURCING COMPANY

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Occupational accidents bring with them serious problems, both financial and non-financial, for employees as well as organisations. The purpose of this study was to investigate adherence to health and safety standards in a selected X-engineering outsoucing company. A quantitative survey approach was used in which a structured questionnaire was administered to a purposively selected sample composed of 165 employees from a steel processing company based in the Gauteng province. The collected data were analysed using the Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS version 22.0). The results of the study confirm that employees in the selected steel processing company are satisfied with the degree of adherence to health and safety standards. Employees felt that the company has in place various rewards which are offered to employees whenever they successfully follow health and safety rules. The study further revealed that the labour union in the company participates actively in health and safety issues and that its recommendations are taken seriously by the company. Finally, employees are satisfied with the workplace surroundings in areas such as ventilation, room temperature, lighting and hygiene. Conclusions drawn from the study and recommendations are discussed... occupational health and safety project topics

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY OF AN X- ENGINEERING OUTSOURCING COMPANY

Project Information

  • CATEGORY : OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY
  • TYPE : PROJECT MATERIAL
  • FORMAT : MICROSOFT WORD
  • ATTRIBUTE : Documentation Only
  • PAGES : 65 Pages
  • CHAPTERS : 1 - 5
  • PRICE : ₦ 3,000.00

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