the beginning of civilization, man has always been motivated by the need to
make progress and better the lives of fellow mankind by exploring the natural
environment. It is indisputable that the
natural environment before the advent of environmental degradation,
created unlimited opportunities for development and economic sufficiency of the
inhabitants or the populace, but with the advent of environmental degradation,
the inhabitants have been denied these opportunities and made to languish in
recognition of the dangers posed by environmental degradation,
the international community and the Nigerian government have put in place
various laws to combat environmental degradation, while the various
environmental laws in Nigeria and that of the international community
(international legal instrument) in combating environmental degradations
intended to yield encouraging result by enhancing environmental
sustainability. The recalcitrant
attitude of those involved in environmental degradation has continued to
attenuate environmental laws with the government and its agency indirectly
collaborating in the act of flouting environmental laws.
the existing law legal mechanism in place have done little or nothing to
eradicate this menace of environmental degradation. Environmental degradation continues to evolve
everyday and everywhere with no end in sight of how this crime can be checked.
this thesis intends to appraise how environmental degradation constitutes an
indictment to human right and environmental laws. It also aims to serve as a theoretical
framework for the review and harmonization of the relevant municipal and legal
instruments. Similarly international
agency/corporation in combating environmental degradation will not be left out.
it is imperative to give a brief description or definition of environmental
environmental degradation is considered we must first of all know what is
environment or what constitutes the environment.
is the natural world in which people, animals and plants live. The Black’s
Law Dictionary also defines it as the totality of physical, economic,
cultural, aesthetic and social circumstances and factors which surround and
affect the desirability of value of property and which also affect the quality
of life of people’s lives. Under the Nigeria law, “environment” includes
water, air, land and all plants and human beings or animals living therein and
the inter-relationship which exist among these or any of them. Therefore Environmental Degradation is the
deterioration of the environment through depletion of resources such as air,
water and soil; the destruction of the ecosystems and the extinction of
degradation is one of the ten threats officially cautioned by the high level
threat panel of the United Nations. Therefore the importance and relevance of the
environment cannot be over-emphasized, the environment is a complex and
delicate system that when properly managed and harnessed can be geared to
productive domestic, aesthetic and even spiritual benefit but when poorly
managed could predictably be hazardous not only to human survival, but the
survival of all living things. It is
therefore inferable that the environment is the physical foundation upon which
is however sad to note that over the years, the environment has been greatly
threatened with adverse and disastrous effects on human habitation and
survival, which has reflected in the World Bank report. More than 30,000 people die each day
globally, short of their predestined life span due to environmental degradation
and pollution. In a year, 108 million people die as a result
of environmental degradation and pollution.
Further research shows that between 1990 and 2009, which has a period of
19 years, about 7.3 million people died worldwide due to environmental
degradation and pollution.
Therefore it constitutes a threat to the existence of mankind and needs to be
checked by all the countries and organizations in the globe.