BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
In organizational psychology, it is
frequently expressed that job performances is a function of ability and
motivation. Performance can be regarded as almost any behaviour which is
directed towards task or goal accomplishment. The importance of motivation and
its effects on employees’ performance and retention is recognized by many
organizations today. Good performance among employees in an organization has
many implications such as high motivation among employees, outstanding ability,
good organizational climate and infrastructure excellent leadership that can
sustain rapport and productivity and good relationship among staff. Job
motivation is important to the effectiveness of an organization.
In educational organization,
significantly, job satisfaction and motivation are very essential to the
continuing growth of educational system around the world. The relevance of job
satisfaction and motivation are very crucial to the long term growth of any
educational system. They are ranked alongside with professional knowledge and
skills, center competencies educational resources and strategies as the
veritable determinants of educational success and performance. Professional
knowledge, skills and centre competencies occur when one feels effective in
one’s behaviour. In other words, professional knowledge skills and competencies
can be seen when one is taking on the mastering challenging tasks directed at
educational success and performance. Needs satisfaction and motivation to work
are very essential in the lives of teachers because they form the fundamental reason for working in life. An
economics teachers who is highly achievement motivated would tend to be very
conscientious in his or her work and tend to be more responsible while almost
every economics teacher works in order to satisfy other needs in lye he/she
constantly agitates for needs satisfaction, that is why motivation is said to
be the activation or energization of goal oriented behaviour. Motivation is
defined as some kind of internal drive which pushes someone to do things in
order to achieve something (Hairnes 2001) Achievement motivation becomes the
driving factor for future understanding and can be defined as a predisposition
to strive for success.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
It is assumed that teachers’ agitation
and demand are beyond the resources of the ministry of education or the
government. As a result the Nigerian Government and Union of Teachers (NUT) are
in constant stand-off over the increase in salaries benefits and improvement in
teachers working conditions. The Federal and State Government have argued
during the National Council on Education (NCE) meeting which held in Kano 2002
that the present economic realities in the country cannot sustain the demand of
In economics education, it is obvious
that without economics teachers there will be no economist in the nation. It
becomes a basic necessity if the nation is to advance in economic development
and keep abreast with other nations of the world. The problem is that economies
teachers have no union unlike other subjects like mathematics, English to
mention but this two. They only depend of the Nigerian Union of Teachers (NUT).
The government position concerns the
job performance of teachers as they accuse the teachers of negligence, laziness
and lack of dedication and zeal to work. It is realized that the act of
neglecting the request for salary increment, incentives and better working
condition of the economics teachers would adversely affect and in fact retard
the economic development of the nation in future.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The main focus of this study is to
investigate the effect of motivation on economics teachers’ performance in,
Nigeria. Specifically, it sought to:
out the effect of motivation on economics teachers performance;
job satisfaction and economics teachers work motivation in relation to Nigerian
teachers’ needs satisfaction for school effectiveness; and
iii. Assess the differences and
relationship between the level of teachers job satisfaction, motivation and
are the effects of motivation on economics teachers’ performance?
are the factors that tend to motivate economics teachers in terms of needs
satisfaction and job performance?
iii. What is the view of Ministry of Education
on motivation and its effect on economics teachers’ performance?
iv. What are the benefits of having
highly motivated economics teachers?
is the importance of needs satisfaction and job motivation in the life of
is no significant relationship between factors that tend to motivate teachers
in terms of job satisfaction and teachers performance.
There is no significant difference between
needs satisfaction and economics teachers job motivation.
iii. There is no significant difference
between motivation and economics teachers’ performance.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The findings arrived at this study
shall contribute to the continuing growth of educational system in Nigeria and
around the world. This study would help in describing or explaining the pivotal
role of motivation on the needs satisfaction of economics teachers in Nigeria.
The result of this study would also help educationist and policy makers in
emphasizing the need for the inclusion on motivation packages for economics
teachers so as to prepare them for better performance.
SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
This study investigated the effect of
motivation on economics teachers’ performance in Ikorodu Local Government Area
of Lagos State. It addressed issues such as effects of motivations on economics
teachers’ performance, benefits of having highly motivated economics teachers,
importance of needs satisfaction and job motivation, government view of
motivation and job performance of economics teachers.
DEFINITION OF KEY TERMS
study of how a society organizes its trade money and industry.
This is the process of teaching, training and leaving in the school to improve
knowledge and develop skills.
This is referred as the degree of readiness of an organization to pursue some
designated, goals and implies the determination of the nature and locus of the
forces that maintains degree of readiness.
that somebody requires in order to live in a comfortable way or achieve
whatever they want.
A group of people who form a business together in other to achieve a particular
This is regarded as almost any behaviour which is directed towards task or goal
This is a way in which two people or group of people or things behave towards
each other or deal with each other.
The good feeling that you have when you have achieved your aim.