Factors affecting language application in a multilingual community

Type: Project Materials | Format: Ms Word | Attribute: Documentation Only | Pages: 70 Pages | Chapters: 1-5 chapters | Price: ₦ 3,000.00

2,353 marked this research material reliable.
Call or whatsapp: +2347063298784 or email: info@allprojectmaterials.com
Excellent and professional research project topics and materials website. All the research tools, journals, seminars, essays, article, books, term papers, softwares and project materials for your research guide and final year projects are available here.

ABSTRACT

 

            The work looks into the factors affecting language choice in a multilingual society, from a sociolinguistic point of view.  This study brings to light a number of what affect individuals language choice.

            This work comprises of four chapters.  The first chapter talks about the introduction, the second chapter is the literature review, the third one deals with data presentation and analysis, lastly, the fourth chapter discusses the findings, recommendations and conclusion.

 


TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGES

Title page                                                                                                                  i

Certification                                                                                                 ii

Dedication                                                                                                    iii

Acknowledgement                                                                                                iv

Abstract                                                                                                                    v

Table of Contents                                                                                       vi

CHAPTER ONE:  INTRODUCTION

1.0            Background to the Study                                                             1

1.1      Statement of Problem                                                                  10

1.2            Research Questions                                                                                   10

1.3            Purpose of Study                                                                           11

1.4            Significance of the Study                                                             11

1.5            Limitation of Study                                                                                    12

CHAPTER TWO:  

2.0      REVIEW OF LITERATURE                                                              13

2.1      Causes of Multilingualism                                                                        21

2.2            Language choice                                                                             24

2.3            Determinants of Language choice.                                           26

CHAPTER THREE: 

3.0      DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS                          34

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0      Findings                                                                                                        57

4.1            Recommendations                                                                         58

4.2            Conclusion                                                                                       59

References                                                                                                   61

Appendix                                                                                                                  64


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.0            BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Most cultures have stories which seek to explain the origin of life and to explain why things are as they are in the world today.  The story from Genesis would have us believe that linguistic diversity is the curse of Babel (Genesis 11:1-11).

And the whole earth was of one language, and of one speech…  And they said to one another… Let us build us a city and a tower, whose top may reach unto heaven; and let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth.  And the Lord came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of men builded.  And the Lord said, behold, the people is one, and they have all one language,… Let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another’s speech.  So, the Lord scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of all the earth: and they left off to build the city.  Therefore, is the name of it called Babel; because the Lord did there confound the language of all the earth.

In primordial time, people spoke the same language.  God, however, decided to punish them for their presumptuousness in erecting the tower by making them speak different languages.  Thus, multilingualism became an obstacle to further co-operation and placed limits on human worldly achievements.

Most communities in the world are multilingual.  In these communities, there is more than one language that plays an important role, and many or all of the individuals in such communities are at least bilingual.  Here, the context you find yourself determines the kind of language you use.

When you talk of language choice in any country, one bears in mind the multilingual societies.  In monolingual countries, there is no worry about choice of language to use, they only have to use the language available to them.

One of the most obvious problems associated with newly formed multilingual communities, for example, in countries such as Australia and Canada which have seen considerable immigration from different parts of the world, is that of cross-cultural communication.  Sociolinguistic research has made it clear that to communicate successfully  in a language other than your own, it is not enough to learn the phonology, grammar and vocabulary of that language.  You also have to learn how to use it appropriately in particular social situations according to the norms employed and accepted by its native speakers.

Potential multilingual speakers are people with a strong interest in a foreign language, people who find it necessary to acquire second or third language for practical purposes, such as business, information gathering or entertainment.

Multilingual speakers outnumber monolingual speakers in the world’s population.  In a multilingual society, not all speakers need to be multilingual.  When all speakers are multilingual, linguists classify the community according to the functional distribution of the languages involved.

The researcher observed that before an individual thinks of language choice, there must be some motivational factors.  Motivation and investment in this process, by the individual, will depend on the value attached to prospective gains accompanying proficiency in the relevant language.  He also observed that language choice is affected by utilitarian considerations.  A speaker may feel that the use of a particular language will place him in an advantageous position either within a group or within a wider social context.  If his antagonists in a discussion or argument are less fluent than he is, this will clearly serve to give him a valuable edge.  The perceived advantage does not have to be in relation to other individuals.  It may be for purely personal considerations that a person chooses to speak a particular language.   A student of a foreign language may prefer to use that language whenever possible, with the sole intention of improving his ability.

Acquiring an additional language, second, third or fourth, will be greatly affected by the social, political and economic environment within which the acquisition process takes place.  Learners of additional languages are either born into or transferred to (as a result of migration) a multilingual context.  Those born into such a situation usually accept the need for multilingualism as a natural phenomenon and hence can easily see the importance and the gains of achieving a high level of proficiency in the various relevant languages.  Those transferred to a multilingual context as a result of immigration, have some difficult choices to make:

i.                    Maintenance of the heritage language in order to preserve the culture and ethnic identity.

ii.                  Acquisition of the new national language in order to gain equitable access to the new country’s resources.

iii.                Acquisition of a language of wider communication, such as English for academic and professional purposes.

iv.               Finally, acquisition of another local language, which is needed for interaction with neighbours or fellow workers at the workplace.  In this kind of situation, language choices may require certain “prices” to be paid by the learner.

Communication is only possible if both speakers share the same language, and there is little to  gain  from addressing someone in a language which they do not understand.  There is an almost universal taboo upon the use of a language which might exclude one or more members of a group from a discussion, even if the subject of that discussion has no direct relevance to that person or persons.  For example, a group of Igbo speakers may be discussing plans for a farewell party for one of their work-mates who is about to retire.  Another person, one who does not work at the same company, who does not know the gentleman in question, and who will not be invited to the party, joins the group.  This new comer, moreover, does not speak Igbo.  It is now incumbent upon the group to continue their discussion in a language which that person can understand.  Having to change the language of the discussion to one which may be a second or third language for a majority of the members can, of course, have a stultifying effect upon the course of the discussion, making it more difficult to express thoughts and ideas.  In this case, however, the exclusion constraint takes precedence over the language preference of the group majority.  In extreme cases, the requirement for a common language might force all of the speakers to adopt second or third languages.  The search for a common language may sometimes prove unsuccessful, and a group will have to choose the language which allows participation of the greatest number of people.

1.1      STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

The focus of this research work is on those factors that affect language choice in a multilingual community or society.

Keen observation and study have shown that there are many things that make people to think of language choice.

1.2            RESEARCH QUESTIONS

These questions have been posed to guide this study:

i.                    What are the problems facing individuals when trying to make language choice in a multilingual society?

ii.                  What do we mean by language choice?

iii.                What are the factors that affect language choice?

iv.                To what extent do these factors affect language choice?

1.3             PURPOSE OF STUDY

The purpose of this research work is to identify those things that affect people’s language choice in a multilingual society. To examine the problems individuals encounter when trying to choose a particular language.

1.4             SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The importance of this study is to reveal those factors that affects language choice in a multilingual society or setting.

 

 

1.5            LIMITATION OF STUDY

This research work is limited to a multilingual society.  It is restricted to factors that affect language choice in this kind of society mentioned above.  The constraints associated with time shall not allow the researcher to stretch his hands to evaluate all the factors.

 

 


Factors affecting language application in a multilingual community

Additional Information

  • The Project Material is available for download.
  • The Research material is delivered within 15-30 Minutes.
  • The Material is complete from Preliminary Pages to References.
  • Well Researched and Approved for supervision.
  • Click the download button below to get the complete project material.

Frequently Asked Questions

In-order to give you the best service available online, we have compiled frequently asked questions (FAQ) from our clients so as to answer them and make your visit much more interesting.

We are proudly Nigerians, and we are well aware of fraudulent activities that has been ongoing in the internet. To make it well known to our customers, we are geniune and duely registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission of the republic of Nigeria. Remember, Fraudulent sites can NEVER post bank accounts or contact address which contains personal information. Free chapter One is always given on the site to prove to you that we have the material. If you are unable to view the free chapter 1 send an email to info@allprojectmaterials.com with the subject head "FREE CHAPTER 1' plus the topic. You will get a free chapter 1 within an hour. You can also check out what our happy clients have to say.


Students are always advised to use our materials as guide. However, if you have a different case study, you may need to consult one of our professional writers to help you with that. Depending on similarity of the organization/industry you may modify if you wish.


We have professional writers in various disciplines. If you have a fresh topic, just click Hire a Writer or click here to fill the form and one of our writers will contact you shortly.


Yes it is a complete research project. We ensure that our client receives complete project materials which includes chapters 1-5, full references, questionnaires/secondary data, etc.


Depending on how fast your request is acknowledged by us, you will get the complete project material withing 15-30 minutes. However, on a very good day you can still get it within 5 minutes!

What Clients Say

Our Researchers are happy, see what they are saying. Share your own experience with the world.
Be polite and honest, as we seek to expand our business and reach more people. Thank you.

Project Information

  • CATEGORY : AFRICAN LANGUAGES
  • TYPE : PROJECT MATERIAL
  • FORMAT : MICROSOFT WORD
  • ATTRIBUTE : Documentation Only
  • PAGES : 70 Pages
  • CHAPTERS : 1 - 5
  • PRICE : ₦ 3,000.00

Share Links

Download Post
Download Post

Search for Project Topics

Project topics in Departments

Do you need a writer for your academic work?

Reviews:
A Review on factors affecting language application in a multilingual community, factors, affecting, language project topics, researchcub.info, project topic, list of project topics, research project topics, journals, books, Academic writer.
The researcher observed that before an individual thinks of language choice, there must be some motivational factors. Motivation and investment in this process, by the individual, will depend on the value attached to prospective gains accompanying proficiency in the relevant language. He also observed that language choice is affected by utilitarian considerations. A speaker may feel that the use of a particular language will place him in an advantageous position either within a group or within a wider social context. If his antagonists in a discussion or argument are less fluent than he is, this will clearly serve to give him a valuable edge. The perceived advantage does not have to be in relation to other individuals. It may be for purely personal considerations that a person chooses to speak a particular language. A student of a foreign language may prefer to use that language whenever possible, with the sole intention of improving his ability. .. african languages project topics

Factors affecting language application in a multilingual community