1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
project is all about assessing the impact of planning and controlling as a
management function on the survival of small scale business.
is universal in the modern world. Every organization requires the making of
decision, the coordination of activities, deciding in advance when, why how and
who does what, setting of standards, measuring performance against standard and
reviewing the standards.
managerial activities have their own particular approach to specific types of
problems which fall under headings such as production and operation management
human resources management, management of health delivery system and others
to Nwachukwu (2007) management is the act of getting things done through and
definition by Launer (1999) he refers to management as the corner stone of
organization effectiveness and is concerned with arrangements for the carrying
out of organizational processes and the execution of work.
(2006) management is an operational process initially best dissected by
analyzing the management functions. The five essential managerial functions are
planning, organizing, staffing, directing, leading and controlling.
of management are interrelated and actually dove tail into each other. Planning
sets the stage by helping the organization to determine where it wants to go
(objectives) and how to get there (strategies and tactics). These objectives
and strategies determine the type of organizational structure most suitable for
structures are designed to fit the strategies which are meant to achieve the
objective and both strategies and objectives are the outcome of planning.
There is no
human endeavour that does not require proper management for it to function
efficiently. For every type of organization either government establishment or
private enterprise, there is need for qualified managers to handle its
and organizations are seen as the product of their historical and social times
and place and to understand the evolution of management theory in terms of how
people wrestled with matters of relationship at a particular time in history.
The lesson here is to learn from the trials and tribulation of those who have
preceded us in steering the fortunes of formed organization.
It is now
obvious to every one that, of the factors that are necessary for economic take
off, none is to be stressed more often than management characteristically, the developing countries
are known for their low technological
progress and extremely low labour productivity. A realistic approach to the
development of these countries call for qualified high level manpower
especially at the management level. In present day organizations it is the
manager that determines the appropriate technology required and the best way to
efficiently and effectively utilize all types of resources, be it physical or
scene portrays the situation very adequately. Despite her abundant natural
resources and rich environment, the economy of Nigeria has not quite taken off
most organization do not operate smoothly and efficiently. The management cadre
which is a sine qua non for economic development is lacking. The government in
many instances has assumed the function of entrepreneur and taken over the
management functions, instances abound to convince everyone that the government
has not faired well as a good manager, and has even performed worse than
for management is essential to the development of organizations, be it small
scale or large scale industries, therefore, when ever people work together,
there is generally a need for the coordination of efforts in order to attain
expected result in reasonable time, and with minimum amount of money,
discomfort or energy. A manager is expected to be vast in knowledge and to
possess special talents or abilities quite different from non manages.
OF THE PROBLEM.
organization matter its size can survive without on effective managerial
function (planning and control). Therefore, three is need for sound and
qualified man and women to operate in every organization and also there should
be capable hands to manage the financial affairs in order to ensure a sound
system of operation in the enterprise.
important to note that, effective operation is not exclusive concern of only
one person or department within an organization, it must involve every staff
who should have the interest of the organization at heart in order for it to
achieve it set goal and objectives.
Does effective management enhance workers performance?
Does the organization has capable hands to manage the
Does the activities of managers focuses towards the
attainment of goods and objective of the organization.
OF THE STUDY
project intends to assess the impact of planning and control as a management
function in the survival of small scale industrial towards the achievement of
the overall goals and objectives of the organization.
Specifically this project has the following
To find out the present management practice of
planning and control and its effects on the organization
To examine some strategies for the attainment of goals
and objectives set out by the organization.
To find out the role of management in ensuring the
smooth running of the organization.
To ensure that organization at any given time is
capable of carrying out its activities that could aid in achieving its goals.
hypothesis is a conjectural proposition and informed intelligent guess about
the solution to a problem. It is an assumption or proposition whose variety and
validity is to be established.
The researcher wishes to states his
hypothesis as follows:
Ho: Effective management function of
planning and control has no significance impact on the survival of small scale
H1: Effective management function of
planning and control has significance
impact on the survival of small scale business.
OF THE STUDY
significance of this project cannot be over emphasized because it is
prerequisite for the award of bachelors of arts and science in management
studies and effective management is the yardstick and bedrock of every
organization. Thereby, enhances the achievement of organizational and
it will guide and give a sense of direction to the entire organization in the
area of channeling resources and enhancing productivity and also giving status
to the organization.
OF THE STUDY
research work is restricted only to an enterprise in Kaduna state. Timruth Nigeria enterprises.
This is due to the fact that, it is not easy to have a study of all small scale business in Nigeria, due to this fact,
this project will be concern with Timruth Nig. Enterprise.
enterprise started its operation on the 19th of February, 1995, as a
one man business with the aim of providing employment to reduce the rate of
unemployment in the society. During its inception period the capital invested
is the total sum of 150,000 including machinery and equipment used for
production in the organization. Timruth Nigeria
enterprises are sited at AX 32
Nnamdi Azikwe Way Bakin Ruwa Kaduna.
organization went into operation, with about six employees which later
increased to about eighty five employees engaged in supervising, marketing,
sealing and packaging of the product. And the main products of the company
include beverages and Yoghurt.
company came into operation the management has been experiencing a very high
rate of profit until early 2000 when the
profit rate began to reduce due to the presence of several competitions in the
market producing similar product.
has over thirty dealers who help in the distribution of the products to various
parts of the state in order to ensure that a larger part of market is covered
adequate preparation has also been on ground to ensure that the demand of the
market is met.
problem encountered during the vital stage of the business is that of financial
constraint, there is shortage of finance in the early stage of the business.
Other problem faced by the business is the activities of its competitors where
did not allow the product to gain a better ground portion of the market.
source of finance to this company was from personnel savings and loan from
1.9 Definition of Terms
Entrepreneur: One who organizes manages and
assumes the risk of a business firm or venture.
Anything of value that the business owns
Management: The process of planning,
organizing directing, coordinating and controlling the activities of a business
enterprises so as to attain stated objectives by the use of people and other
resources requires decision making and leadership.
Liabilities: The claims of creditors against
the assets of the business i.e. what the business owns.
Small Business: One that is actively managed by
its owners highly personalized local in its area of operation of relatively
small size within the industry, and largely dependent upon internal source of
capital to finance its growth.
Business: This is all activities directly
or indirectly concern with production and distribution of goods and services
which is aimed principally at making profit.
Organization: An entity that is constructed and
deliberately reconstructed to achieve specific goals and objectives.