BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Oxford Advanced Learner’scorruption as Dictiona dishonest or illegal behaviour, especially of people in authority.
In philosophical, theological or moral discussions, corruption is
spiritual or moral impurity or deviation from an ideal. In economy,
corruption is payment for services, or materials which the recipient is
not entitled to under the law. In government, it is when an elected
representative makes decisions that are influenced by vested interest
rather than legitimate or established government or party regulations.
In life there are political, moral and systemic corruption or abuse
of power. Moral or political corruption involves the abuse of public
power, office or resources by elected government officials for personal
gains, by extortion, embezzlement, soliciting or offering bribes or
other forms of inducement. Official corruption is a specific form of a
misconduct designed to obtain undue benefits, personal gains or career
advancements. Police Officer, for example, sometimes flout the police
code of conduct in order to secure conviction of suspects through the
use of falsified evidence.
Systemic corruption is the complete subversion of a political or
economic system –which is primarily due to a weakness of an organization
or process. It can be contrasted with individuals, officials or agents
who act corruptly within the system. Lack of transparency, low pay,
injustice, greediness, exploitation and poverty are the factors that
Corruption poses a serious development challenge; it undermines
democracy and good government by flouting or even subverting formal
processes. Corruption in election and in legislative processes reduces
accountability and distorts representation in policy making. Corruption
in the judiciary compromises the rule of law and corruption in the
public administration results in the inefficient provision of services.
It violates basic principles of the country regarding the centrality of
civic virtue. Corruption facilitates environmental destruction. There is
also industrial corruption; this occurs when bribe is pride by a
supplier to an industry or a manufacturer in order to sell low quality
goods at the price of good quality products.
Corruption is a harmful force that hinders government and represses
individual in many countries throughout the world. It is generally a
used to qualify the existence of common social ills that affect the entire aspects of our society.
Victimization is the process of being victimized, becoming a victim
or being unfairly punished. Victimization means making someone a group
of people to suffer unfairly because you do not like them, their
opinions or something that they have done. The trauma of victimization
is a direct reaction to the aftermath of unfair punishment. Victims
suffer tremendous amount of physical and psychological trauma. The
physical injury suffered by victim may be as apparent as cuts, bruises
or broken arms and legs. It is common for victims to be fatigued, unable
to sleep or have increased or decreased appetite.
Many victims believe that the stress caused by victimization
endangers or exposes them to physical or psychological problems later in
In our society, people are victimized because of or for many reasons.
In the ancient days and still in some places women are being victimized
after their husbands' death and when they are unable to give birth to
children. Women are often socially and psychologically victimized in the
absence of their husbands and children. Men who are impotent or
victimization by not allowing them to comfortably air their opinion in their fellowsocialmen’sgathering.
When one is denied of his rights and possessions and is maltreated
for no justifiable reasons, he is being victimized. Such a person often
tries to avoid society and especially the company of his victimizers or
those opposed to his way of life.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Nations, Organizations, Institutions and individuals especially those
mentioned in the novels understudy participate in or experience
corruption in different ways that are often overt or covert. Euphemisms
are often used to make corruption and/or victimization less offensive or
palatable in the
society. Often, their perpetrators short ―sacred ietycow—Thos‖e inpeoplthe ―respectsoc confront. This study intends to explore the terminologies the culprits invent
and often use to hoodwink the society.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
This research work is conducted as it is an area where nobody has
worked on. The study is being made to expose the problems caused by
corruption and victimization and their effects on the national and
private sectors of our national life and economy and possibly proffer
useful suggestions/solutions to the malaise.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY/LIMITATIONS
Basically, the study is focused particularly on corruption and victimization as explored in Tides by Isidore Okpewho and Children of
Oloibire by Anthony Abagha. ReferencesandAbagha’ other works and works of other writers, journals, magazines and newspapers
would also be made to enrich the study.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This research has both practical and theoretical significance to the
general public especially social organization, institutions, social
activists, psychologist, leaders and literary artists who should
understand the level of corruption and victimization operating in the
society. It will also bring to limelight the impacts of corruption and
victimization on individuals and society at large. This work is
undertaken with the intention that the result will be of help to the
leaders of the nation at all levels of government, serve as a good
material to students and scholars as well as concerned persons who
may like to make further research on this subject matter in the interest of all and sundry.
Since this study TidesisandbasedAbagha’sChildrenonOkpew of Oloibiri, the methodology will basically be literary in terms of what the
library and the internet will offer by way of critiques, journals,
magazines, newspapers and interviews on Niger Delta literature and
A Research proposal for corruption and victimization in isidore okpewho’s tides and anthony abagha’s children of oloibiri:
Reviews: A Review on corruption and victimization in isidore okpewho’s tides and anthony abagha’s children of oloibiri, corruption, victimization, isidore project topics, researchcub.info, project topic, list of project topics, research project topics, journals, books, Academic writer.
This research has both practical and theoretical significance to the general public especially social organization, institutions, social activists, psychologist, leaders and literary artists who should understand the level of corruption and victimization operating in the society. It will also bring to limelight the impacts of corruption and victimization on individuals and society at large. This work is undertaken with the intention that the result will be of help to the leaders of the nation at all levels of government, serve as a good material to students and scholars as well as concerned persons who.. english education project topics
CORRUPTION AND VICTIMIZATION IN ISIDORE OKPEWHO’S TIDES AND ANTHONY ABAGHA’S CHILDREN OF OLOIBIRI