1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
residential property management is the operation, control, and oversight of
real estate as used in its most broad terms. Management indicates a need to be
cared for, monitored and accountability given for its useful life and
condition. This is much akin to the role of management in any business
residential property management is also the management of personal property,
equipment, tooling and physical capital assets that are acquired and used to
build, repair and maintain the public residential property. Property management
involves the processes, systems and manpower required to manage the life cycle
of all public residential property as defined above including acquisition,
control, accountability, responsibility, maintenance, utilization and
disposition (Njoku, 2006). According to Ebie (2012), duties involved in public
residential property management generally will include a minimum of these basic
The full and proper
screening or testing of an tenants/applicant's credit, criminal history, rental
history and ability to pay.
Lease contracting or
accepting rent using legal documents approved for the area in which the
property is located.
remediation regarding any maintenance issues, generally within a budget, with
prior or conveyed consent via a Limited Power of Attorney legally agreed to by
the property owner.
There are many facets to this public residential
property management, including managing the accounts and finances of the real
estate/residential properties, and participating in or initiating litigation
with tenants, contractors and insurance agencies. Litigation is at times
considered a separate function, set aside for trained attorneys. Although a
person will be responsible for this in his/her job description, there may be an
attorney working under a property manager. Special attention is given to landlord/tenant
law and most commonly evictions, non-payment, harassment, reduction of
pre-arranged services, and public nuisance are legal subjects that gain the
most amount of attention from public residential property managers. Therefore,
it is a necessity that a public residential property manager be current with
applicable municipal, county, state and Federal Fair Housing laws and
practices. In advanced countries, public residential property management, like
facility management, is increasingly facilitated by computer-aided facility
managers of public residential properties in Nigeria are faced with various
kinds of challenges ranging from uncooperative attitude from workers, poor
maintenance and environmental condition, security and other basic
infrastructures. Some managers in Nigeria has been able to cope with some of
this challenges but the researcher will provide an overview about the
challenges and how public residential properties can be managed effectively.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
According to Bello (2008), public residential
properties is more than a mere shelter; it includes all facilities within and
around it, embracing a bundle of services which entails both product and
process. Management of public residential building embraces in all
ramifications the maintenance and development process, be it economic, social,
physical). In fact, management of these properties has been subject of focus by
researcher in recent times based on the cumbersome nature of the process. The
problem of poor management of public residential properties is a global
phenomenon and the severity of the problem differs from one nation to another.
However, the researcher is seeking to examine the challenges of management of
public residential property in Nigeria.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
following are the objectives of this study:
examine the challenges of management of public residential properties in
analyze the effect of adequate management of public residential property on its
identify the solution to the problems of public residential property management
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
are the challenges of management of public residential properties in Nigeria?
is the effect of adequate management of public residential property on its
are the solutions to the problems of public residential property management in
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
following are the significance of this study:
outcome of this study will educate the general public on the intricacies of
public residential properties in Nigeria emphasizing on its proper management
and some other management challenges which will form a guide for estate
managers in decision making.
research will also serve as a resource base to other scholars and researchers
interested in carrying out further research in this field subsequently, if
applied will go to an extent to provide new explanation to the topic.
1.7 SCOPE/LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
scope of this study on the challenges of management of public residential
properties in Nigeria will cover all the basic problems faced by managers in
effective maintenance of both the infrastructure and finances generated from
LIMITATION OF STUDY
Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the
efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature
or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire
Time constraint- The researcher will
simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently
will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
the process of dealing with or controlling things or people.
designed for people to live in.
a thing or things belonging to someone; possessions collectively.
Bello, N. A. (2008): The Economics of Land and
Housing. (Revised Edition). Abeokuta: DENAB Publication.
Ebie, S. P. O. F. (2012): The Imperative of
Social Housing in the South-South Region of Nigeria. The Estate Surveyor and
Valuer. Vol.37(1). July-December 2012.
Njoku, J. (2006): “Why ‘Cash and
Carry’ Housing Transaction Persist’. Retrieved on 29/4/2009 from http://www.library.hbs.edu/hbsonly_cgi.
Wikipedia (2015): www.wikipedia.com