STUDENTS PERCEPTION OF QUALITY OF EQUIPMENT AND TEACHERS COMMUNICATION SKILLS IN SONGHAI DELTA STATE NIGERIA
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TABLE OF CONTENTSTitle page----------iiCertification----------iiiDedication----------ivAcknowledgement---------vTable of contents---------viList of Tables---------ixAbstract---------xiCHAPTER ONEIntroduction--------11.1 Background information------11.2Statement of problem-------41.3Objectives of the study------51.4Hypothesis of the study------61.5Significant of the study------7CHAPTER TWO2.0Literature review-------82.1Teaching skills in Agriculture------82.2Pedagogy--------112.3Classroom Communication------142.4Students in Agriculture------16CHAPTER THREE3.0Research methodology------183.1Study area--------183.2Population of the study------183.3Sampling techniques and sample size-----183.4Instrument for data collection------183.5Measurement of variables------193.6Data analysis techniques------21CHAPTER FOUR4.0Result and discussion-------234.1Socio economic characteristics of respondents ---234.2Respondents awareness of equipment and training received--284.3Students perception of teachers communication skills on knowledge and competence in skills-------324.4Students perception of the quality of equipment used in teaching various courses and the students competency in using the equipments during training at Songhai, Amukpe, Delta State------394.5Constraints students face during training at Songhai, Amukpe, Delta State-434.6Perception of essential services at Songhai, Amukpe, Delta State-334.7Perception of improvement strategies for a better training at Songhai, Amukpe, Delta State--------444.8Relationship between the socio-economic characteristics of respondents and their perception of Songhai services-----474.9Relationship between the socio economic characteristics and the constraints faced during training at Songhai, Amukpe, Sapele, Delta State--494.10Relationship between the quality of equipment in various sections and students competence in those sections------504.11Relationships between communication of teachers and the acquired knowledge of students---------51CHAPTER FIVE5.0Summary, conclusion and recommendation----545.1Summary of research findings------555.2Conclusion---------555.3Recommendations--------55Reference ----------56Appendix I---------58Appendix II---------66LIST OF TABLESTable 1 Demographic Characteristics of Respondents----22Table 2 Respondents Awareness of Equipment and Training Received --24Table 3 Respondents Perception of the Teachers Communication Skills on the various Practical Activities and Knowledge acquired by the Students--28Table 4 Respondents Perception of the Quality of Equipments used in teaching various Courses and Students Competence in using the Equipments.--31Table 5 Constraints students face during the training at Songhai---33Table 6 Perception of essential services at Songhai----34Table 7 Perception of Improvement Strategies for a Better Training at Songhai-35Table 8 There is no significant relationship between the socio-economic characteristics of respondents and their perception of Songhai services.--36Table 9 There is no significant relationship between the socio-economic characteristics and the constraints the students face during training at Songhai--37Table 10 There is no significant relationship between the quality of equipment in various sections and students’ competence in those sections---38Table 11 There is no significant relationship between communication of teachers and the acquired knowledge of the students.-----39ABSTRACTThis study assesses the students’ perception of quality of equipments and teachers communication skills in Songhai. The study was carried out in Songhai farm, Amukpe, Sapele, Delta State. A simple random sampling method was used to select 117 students. A structured questionnaire was used to elicit information from students. Statistical tools such as frequency, percentage and correlation analysis were used test the hypothesis of the study.Result showed that most of the equipment in Songhai (mean ≥ 2.50) were of high quality, also it reveal that majority of the student are competent in the use of the equipments (mean ≥ 2.00).The result also showed that communication skills of the teachers were effective (mean ≥ 2.00), the students’ agreed that they acquired knowledge (mean ≥ 2.50) and their competence in the skills taught was high (mean ≥ 2.00). Constraints faced by the students during training was looked at and using the students to carry out manual labour was ranked highest (mean = 3.40). The implication that students will have less time for their school and practical work, since carrying out manual labour weakens them.CHAPTER ONE1.0INTRODUCTION1.1BACKGROUND INFORMATIONSonghai is seven kilometre from the centre of Sapele town, in Delta State. It is located along the Amukpe-Eku road. It is very strategically positioned. Sapele is a crossed road for all travellers headed for the major states in Nigeria. (Imo, Bayelsa, Rivers States) ( (c) 2003 Songhai centre, Edited 20/8/2003).Songhai is involved in so many activities. Its first aim is to train young high school graduates, so that they will be able to manage the centre and consequently train the local populations of the state. Emphasis is placed on instilling a sense of responsibility, discipline, creativity and courage. Secondly, the training seeks to impart to the young people knowledge and expertise (the techniques of production and economic management of an agricultural enterprise) but above all a “knowing-how –to-be” ( a sense of social responsibility and a commitment to excellence) which will eventually lead to a self determination, to the creation of wealth in the community and to self employment ( (c) 2003, Songhai centre Edited 20/8/2003) www.GridHoster.comSome of the many activities going on in Songhai are:1.Plant production (Rice, Yams, cassava)2.Raising of poultry (Ducks, broilers, quails)3.Fish Farming (Catfish, Tilapia)4.Processing of agricultural products (production of fruit juice)5.Maintenance workshops and repair of the farm’s agricultural vehicles and tools and installation of a biogas unit.6.Craft industry and marketing7.Promotion of new technologies in information and communication through the telecenter. ( (c) 2003 Songhai centre, Edited 20/8/2003) www.GridHoster.comThenegotiations for collaboration between Songhai and Delta State began in early 1999. In the second half of 2000, several delegations from Rivers State, Delta State and Imo State came to Songhai and visited the sites in Porto Novo, Savalou and Parakou. They were given numerous presentations by Songhai’s Director on the development philosophy of Songhai, its integrated system and its integrated system and its mission. It was at this time that concrete negotiations regarding the importation of Songhai techniques to their respective regions were made. Highly impressed by the work of Songhai, the government of Delta state expressed its ardent desire to have such a project established in Nigeria and took all the necessary steps towards the effective debut of a Songhai establishment in the state.(Africa stands up, powered by Joomla).Songhai was founded in 1985 by father Godfrey Nzamujo, one of those remarkable people who makes amazing things happen. He has created a centre of excellence by finding the best people, the best technology and the right markets for agricultural products. The Songhai centre is a showcase, it is a totally integrated system, combining crop production, aquaculture and raising of livestock. The ‘output’ of each one becomes the ‘input’ of another. Maximum recycling of water and waste into biogas, fertiliser creates a system with minimum environmental impact and almost zero waste. At Songhai, they are raising thousands of animals and yet there is no hint of the smell of manure. The centre recycles waste metal and fabricates its own farm equipments. (Eliminate poverty now, powered by Blogger).Songhai is a training, production, research and development centre in sustainable agriculture. It aims at improving the living standard of the people for a sustainable socio economic development by:Using local resources, traditional and modern methods.Practising a strict management.Stimulating the taking up of responsibility and initiative through dialogue and consultation. (Songhai Africa stands up powered by Joomla).Songhai is a project of a new African society whose mission is to create a better society that can take its place in the world affairs. This is only possible if the actors in this movement experience an improvement in the quality of their social, economic and intellectual lives. The new technologies of information and communication constitutes a vital element in this process.They need to improve production, organisation and productivity led by Songhai to participate in the creation of community ‘telecenters’. The activities of the telecenters are integrated into the overall activities of Songhai. ((c)2003 songhai centre, Edited 08/20/2003). 1.2 PROBLEM STATEMENTThere is an increasing empathy towards farming and a rather uncompromising preference for white collar jobs even among semi-literate and unskilled primary school leavers who see farming as dirty and tedious. (Uwakah and Uwgbetu,1982).Practical training programme addresses the short coming in curricular of agricultural graduates enabling them to acquire knowledge and practical skills needed to become proficient in agriculture. (Oloruntoba, 2008). The main mission of agricultural educators is to convey practical knowledge, skills and attitudes into real world settings. (Phipps and Osborne, 1988).The acquisition of the desired experience by the students depends on how effective the teacher is able to present the learning experiences to them. The effectiveness of any teaching depends on the teaching strategies used (Olaitan 1986).Agricultural education has received a new emphasis considering the intent and purpose for its introduction. Some novelties in the new order required that teaches with special skills and competences be mobilized to be in the vanguard of implementing the curriculum (Okorie 1997).It is common practice these days that the agriculture professional are not the practitioners and the practitioners are not the professionals. What then is responsible for this? Could it be that students are not motivated early enough to develop interest in agriculture? Could it be that the practical lessons and skills were not well communicated?It is based on this background that the study now seeks to answer the following questions.1.What are the socio economic characteristics of students in Songhai training centre?2.What are the areas of skill acquisition and equipments the students are exposed to?3.What are the student’s perception of the teachers’ communication skills on the various skills and knowledge acquired by the students during the training in Songhai?4.What are the students perception of quality of equipments used in teaching various courses and the students competence in using the equipments during training in Songhai?5.What are the constraints students faces during training?1.3OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDYThe major objective of the study is to determine students perception of quality of equipments and teachers communication skills in Songhai, Amukpe, Sapele, Delta State.The specific objectives are to:1.examine the socio-economic characteristics of students in Songhai, Amukpe, Sapele, Delta state; 2.ascertain the area of skill acquisition and equipments students are exposed to;3.determine the student perception of the teachers communication skills on the various practical activities and knowledge acquired by the student during the training in Songhai, Amukpe, Delta state;4.ascertain the students perception of the quality of equipments used in teaching various courses and the student’s competency in using the equipments during training in Songhai, Amukpe, Delta state;5.identify the constraints student face during training.1. 4HYPOTHESES FOR THE STUDY1.There is no significant relationship between the socio-economic characteristics of respondents and their perception of the effectiveness of Songhai services2.There is no significant relationship between the socio-economic characteristics and the constraints faced during training at Songhai.3.There is no significant relationship between perceived quality of equipment in various sections and students; competence in those sections.4.There is no significant relationship between communication skill of teachers and the acquired knowledge of students.1. 5SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDYIt is hoped that this research work would help skill acquisition and training centres to identify and improve quality of equipment, area of skill acquisition and communication skills of teachers in skill acquisition centres.This encompasses identifying the constraints and introducing brilliant strategies to tackle and improve it; and also hope that this study would significantly serve as a reference source to future researchers in this area of study.
STUDENTS PERCEPTION OF QUALITY OF EQUIPMENT AND TEACHERS COMMUNICATION SKILLS IN SONGHAI DELTA STATE NIGERIA
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