BACTERIAL COLONIZATION ON HUMAN SKIN


1,569 marked this research material reliable.
Call or whatsapp: +2347063298784 or email: info@allprojectmaterials.com
Department: micro-biology project topics | Type: Project Topics | Project Topics and Materials | List of Project Topics | Research Project Materials | Journals | Thesis | Articles | Online Project Materials | Business Plan | Final year project topic | Format: Ms Word and PDF | Attribute: Documentation Only | Pages: 47 Pages | Chapters: Complete Research work from Chapter 1 to 5; All chapters | Inclusive: Abstract, Preliminary Pages, Table of Contents and Appendices | Cost: ₦ 5,000.00


BACTERIAL COLONIZATION ON HUMAN SKIN

PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS ON BACTERIAL COLONIZATION ON HUMAN SKIN


ABSTRACT

 

The antibacterial activity of three type of medicate soap on staphylococcus aureus isolated from wound infections was conducted. Fifty individual with would infection within the age range of 9-73 years were sampled. Swabsticks were used to collect specimens from wound infection. each swabstick was streaked separately over plates of nutrient   and  macconkey agar and later incubated at 370c. out of the fifty (50) individuals sampled 25(50%) were mostly infected with staphylococcus aureus followed by pseudomonas acruginqu (22%)  staphylococcus epidermis (10%) least by Exchericha coli b(12%) The organisms occur within the age range 9-13 years with 8 (16%) followed by 14-18 years 4(8%) next by the age range of 19-23 years 3(6%) followed by 24-28 years with 2(4%) followed 24-28 years with 2(4%) and the heart in the age range are 29-33,34-38,39-43,44-48,49-53,54-58 64-68 with 1(2%) each while there was no isolation in the age range 59-63. The study also revealed that all the staphylococcus aureus isolated were sensitive to the three medicated soap. The means of inhibition was highest in Aleppo medicated soap with 12.92 mm followed by temperate medicated soap with 11.2mm and least in carat medicated soap with 10.56 mm. Also the staphylococcus aureus isolated were also sensitive to the commercial autibutics used as couplers the means zones of inhibition was highest in ampiclox with 12.8 mm followed by gentamyain with 12.04 mm and the heart in penicillin with 10.4 mm. there was a close relationship in the zenes of inhibition between the three medicated soap and the commercial antibiotics used as coconutrels. The result showned that medicated soaps were effective against staphylococcus aureus involved in would infection in humans and  are comparable to commercial antibiotics. There fore medicated soap can be used in cleaning the skin particularly in the affected part of the skin during the time one has hurt or cut on the  skin.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Title page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgement

Abstract

Table of contents

List of table

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0            Introduction

1.1            Aims and objectives

1.2            Statement of the problem

1.3            Hypothesis

1.4            Justification of the study

1.5         Limitation Of The Study

 

 

CHAPTER TWO

2.0            Literature review

2.1            Antibacterial activity of soap

2.2            Medical relevance of antimicrobial soap

2.3            Normal skin microbiota and soap

 

CHAPTER THREE

3.0            Material and methods

3.1            Materials

3.2             sterilization

3.2.2    Collection of soap sample

3.2.3    Preparation of culture media

3.2.4    Collection of bacterial organisms from would infection

3.2.5    Microbial count, grams stain and microscopic examination

3.2.6    Biochemical test for identification of isolates

 

 

 

CHAPTER FOUR

Result

 

CHAPTER FIVE

Discussion

 

CHAPTER SIX

Conclusion and recommendation

References

Appendix

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIST OF TABLE

 

Age distribution number sampled as well as percentages with staphylococcus aureus and other organisms

Table 2

Age distribution as well as percentage of each isolated organisms

Table 3

Preliminary identification of bacterial isolates

Table 4

Biochemical test carried out for identification of bacterial isolates

Table 5

Sensitivity test using three medicated soap and three antibiotics indicating their zones of inhibition.

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

According to pelage et al (1986) antibacterial activity is the ability to either destroy bacteria or inhibit their growth. This is significant with respects to the human body in preventing sepsis and skin infections. Also Derland (1981) states that medicated soap have the germicidal substance like chloroxyhlenol potassium mercuric iodide, trichlorocarbanlide etc. incorporated into them, in order to enhance their antibacterial activity. These germicide  substance are normally added in a specified amount and percentage of the substance used are always stated on the soapcase or  inside the lesflet which certains the information on how to use the soap for various purposes.

Anon (1964) states  that soap may be defined as a chemical compound resulting from the interaction of fathy acids oil and caustic soda (alkali) possesing the characteristic soap like properties of detergents, surface tension lowering wetting and emulsifying power and gel formation. All fatty oils and fats. Are mixtures of glycoside compounds (erters) of trihydric alcohol, glycosides and some  fatty acids such as plasmatic acid the chemistry of soap manufacturing may  be expressed the following equation which is know as saponification (Anon (1964).

HzCocoG5H31)3 + Na 0H          Naoco15H31 (zH31 + c3H5(oH)3

Palliation              caustic        sodium palurtate glycerion

                             Soda                    

Amon (1964) further explain that a bactericidal soap cernirts existentially of the following 0.1 to 3% weight based on the total weight of the soap.

0 to 10% by weight based on the total weight of the soap in a compound of formular

R –Co-N1-CH2C00H

CH3

Here R represents an alkyl or  alkenye group of 8 to carbon atoms.

According to Johnson (1978) antibacterial  soap may include 2,4,4,trichloro 2,2 hydroxydiphenyl in an amount 0.05 to 5% by weight and at least one phosphorus oxyacid. Phosphorus oxyacid salt phosphoric ester is represented by

 (R1(oCH,CH2)

R2

Where R1 in (8-20 alkyl, R2 is hydrogen or  methyl and is (1-10). R1 is the same group as R2 or H alkali metal and n is H or alkali metal. Such a soap has a wide range of antibacterial activities and marked resistance of discoloration  upon exposure to sunlight (Kaw,1981) another invention relates to an autimicrobial composition consisting of ammoniated zinc sulphate optionally formulated into sufficient formulation and toilet bars. Medicated soap incorporate in their composition germicidal  agent which include hexachlorophene mercuric which trichoran, trichlorocarbaucide .

Sykes (1958) described sterilization as the complete destruction of all living matters. In medical sense, it is often used in a restricted sense to refer to  the destruction of pathogenic organisms only.

According to William (1979) wound is defined as disruption of cellular and anatomic continuity while its healing is the restoration of continuity.  That biological procen can only be accomplished by regeneration, cell proliferation and collage production which can be alleviated washing the would surface especially with medicated soap which due to its concert of pherolic compound help in keeping off organisms like staphylococcus aureus escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa always from the would to a certain stage. Wound can also result when the operative barrier of the skin is breached  by traumatic invasion or whether it is caused by trauma or internationally by surgery. The open area is susceptible to microbial invasion and once a would has become infected pus form in the injured area resulting to wound abbess.

Baker et al decried antisepsis as the most convenient way of preventing infection usually by inhibiting the growth of bacteria. And most disinfectant when  suitably diluted have the artixeptic action. Different method are employed for the destruction of bacteria or for getting rid of them and those method can  be conveniently divided into chemical physical and mechanical methods.

Baker et al (1985) explained that chemical agent function as a sterilizing agent by the following lethal mechanisms

1.                 Disruption of the cell membranes

2.                 Interfering with  orgymatic systems of the organisms emzyme poison)

3.                 Co-aqulation of protein

4.                 Oxidation 

 

 

1.1            AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

1.                 To isolate staphylococcus aureus from would infection

2.                 To determine the artibacterial activity of three medicated soap on staphylococcus aureus isolated from wound infection.

 

1.2            STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Since Dorland (1981) stated that  medicated soaps have germicidal substances like chloroxylenol pothaium, mercuric widide  trichlorocarberihide etc incorporated into them in order to greatly their antibacterial activity. It is therefore necessary to investigate the artibaterial activity of three medicated soap (Asepos carat and temperate) on staphylococcus aureus isolated from wound inflection.

 

1.3            HYPOTHESES

Medicated soap have antibacterial activity

Medicated soaps have no artibaterial activity.

 

 

1.4            JUSTIFICATION OF THE STUDY

The result of the project work will indicate the antibacterial activity of medicated soap. And if favourable, then medicated soap can be used for washing the surface of manor wound before the application of further medication

 

1.5         LIMTATION OF THE STUDY

The study is limited to three types of medicated soaps which are:

a.                 Asepso medicated soap

b.                 Carat medicated soap

c.                  Tempovate medicated soap

 

DOWNLOAD COMPLETE WORK FOR BACTERIAL COLONIZATION ON HUMAN SKIN


Additional Information

  • The Project Material is available for download.
  • The Research material is delivered within 15-30 Minutes.
  • The Material is complete from Preliminary Pages to References.
  • Well Researched and Approved for supervision.
  • Click the download button below to get the complete project material.

Frequently Asked Questions

In-order to give you the best service available online, we have compiled frequently asked questions (FAQ) from our clients so as to answer them and make your visit much more interesting.

We are proudly Nigerians, and we are well aware of fraudulent activities that has been ongoing in the internet. To make it well known to our customers, we are geniune and duely registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission of the republic of Nigeria. Remember, Fraudulent sites can NEVER post bank accounts or contact address which contains personal information. Free chapter One is always given on the site to prove to you that we have the material. If you are unable to view the free chapter 1 send an email to info@researchcub.info with the subject head "FREE CHAPTER 1' plus the topic. You will get a free chapter 1 within an hour. You can also check out what our happy clients have to say.


Students are always advised to use our materials as guide. However, if you have a different case study, you may need to consult one of our professional writers to help you with that. Depending on similarity of the organization/industry you may modify if you wish.


We have professional writers in various disciplines. If you have a fresh topic, just click Hire a Writer or click here to fill the form and one of our writers will contact you shortly.


Yes it is a complete research project. We ensure that our client receives complete project materials which includes chapters 1-5, full references, questionnaires/secondary data, etc.


Depending on how fast your request is acknowledged by us, you will get the complete project material withing 15-30 minutes. However, on a very good day you can still get it within 5 minutes!

What Clients Say

Our Researchers are happy, see what they are saying. Share your own experience with the world.
Be polite and honest, as we seek to expand our business and reach more people. Thank you.

A Research proposal for bacterial colonization on human skin:
Reviews: A Review on bacterial colonization on human skin, bacterial, colonization, human project topics, researchcub.info, project topic, list of project topics, research project topics, journals, books, Academic writer.
The antibacterial activity of three type of medicate soap on staphylococcus aureus isolated from wound infections was conducted. Fifty individual with would infection within the age range of 9-73 years were sampled. Swabsticks were used to collect specimens from wound infection. each swabstick was streaked separately over plates of nutrient and macconkey agar and later incubated at 370c. out of the fifty (50) individuals sampled 25(50%) were mostly infected with staphylococcus aureus followed by pseudomonas acruginqu (22%) staphylococcus epidermis (10%) least by Exchericha coli b(12%) .. micro-biology project topics

BACTERIAL COLONIZATION ON HUMAN SKIN

Project Information

Share Links

Download Post (MsWord)
Download Post (PDF)

Search for Project Topics

Project topics in Departments

How much does it cost to hire a writer in Nigeria?

Looking for Professional Approach and Quality Research Services ?

Estimating the cost of research writing in Nigeria: Freelance writers in Nigeria may charge anywhere from ₦5,000 to ₦50,000 or more per project, depending on the factors mentioned earlier. SEO-focused content may be on the higher end of this range due to the additional skills and research involved. For a more accurate estimate, it's recommended to reach out with us, discuss your specific requirements, and request a quote based on the scope of your project. Prices can vary, so getting personalized quotes will help you determine the cost more precisely.

Undergraduate Project Topics, economics project topics, marketing project topics, business administration project topics, engineering project topics, computer science project topics, banking & finance project topics, education project topics, law project topics, sciences project topics, public administration project topics, political science project topics, mathematics project topics, medical science project topics, mass communication project topics, research projects, geology project topics, marketing project topics, agriculture project topics, Browse Thousands of Final Year Project Topics, hire a writer, Research Works and Materials, Project topics and materials in Nigeria, Undergraduate Project Topics, Research Works and Materials, research topics, research project materials, complete project materials, computer science project material, free project topics, complete projects, accounting topics, small business topics, entrepreneurship topics, project materials, Nigerian undergraduate projects, business administration projects, computer science topics and projects, MBA Nigerian project topics, human resources, small businesses, entrepreneurship projects, economics projects, impacts projects, effect projects, university projects, polytechnic projects, investigate projects, political science projects, mass communication projects, project topics, human resource projects, education projects, French topics, project analysis, French projects, project tips, project abstract, project proposals, project bibliography, project reference, project seminar, forex, TSA, treasury single account, currency, naira, devaluation, undergraduate projects, final project research, marketing project topics, statistics project topics, mathematics project topics, statistics, mathematics, research projects, project thesis, labour force theses, NCE, OND, HND, BTECH, BSC, MBA, MSC, English projects, linguistic project topics, Free Project topics and materials in Nigeria, research topics, reseach project materials, computer science project material, free, complete, accounting topics, small business topics, materials, nigeria projects, business administration projects, computer science topics and projects, MBA nigeria project topics, human resources, small business, entrepreneurship projects, economics projects, impact projects, effects projects, training, budgets, ghana, university, polytechnic, browse Free project materials and topics in Nigeria, accounting and finance project materials, business administration project materials and topics, human resources, entrepreneurship, computer science and engineering project materials and topics, Accounting project topics, Accounting project topics and materials, Agricultural Economics Project Topics and Materials, Agricultural Science Projects topics and materials, All Project topics and materials, Architecture Project topics and materials, Aviation project topics and materials, Banking & Finance Projects topics and materials, Biology project and materials, Building project topics and materials, Business Administration & Management Projects topics and materials, Chemical Engineering Project Topics and materials, Civil Engineering Projects topics and materials, Communication & mass communication art project topics and materials, Computer Engineering Project Topics and materials, Computer Science Projects topics and materials, Criminology project topics and materials, Economics Research Projects topics and materials, Education Project Topics and Materials, Electrical Engineering Projects and materials, English Education & English Language Project topics and materials, Food Science project topics and materials, Geology Project Topics and materials, Guidance Counseling Project Topics and materials, History project topics and materials, Home Economics Project Topics and Materials, Human Resource Projects topics and Materials, Industrial Chemistry Projects topics and materials, Insurance Projects topics and materials, Law project topics and materials, Library and information science project topics and materials, Marine and Transport management project topics and materials, Marketing Projects topics and materials, Mathematics project topics and materials, Medical Sciences Project Topics and materials, Microbiology project topics and materials, Nursing and Midwifery project topics, Nursing and Midwifery project topics and materials, Optometry or nursing project topics and materials, Petroleum Engineering project topics and materials, Pharmacy project topics and materials, Philosophy project topics and materials, Photography project topics and materials, Physical and Health Education project topics and materials, Physiology project topics and materials, Political science project topics and materials, Project topics and materials, Psychology project topics and materials, Random project, Religious and Cultural Studies Project Topics and Materials, Sociology and Anthropology Project topics and materials, Sociology Project Topics and materials, Tourism project topics and materials, Vocational education project topics and materials. Project Topics: List of Project Topics | bacterial colonization on human skin | bacterial | colonization | human Project Topics | researchcub.info