Morality has been defined as
principles concerning right and wrong, good and bad behavior. However, morality
is to be seen as the right motive on which man is supposed to act, the good which
one ought to follow or achieve, the discerning power or conscience with which
one determines or knows right from wrong, the laws of mutual living able to
yield positive action otherwise known as freedom of will.
This research project is thus a search
for immoralities in churches and how this menace can be cubed.
Chapter one of the study lays a
theoretical framework for subsequent chapters. Following the general
introduction, the problem statement and the objective of the study which
provided basis for the significance of the study and the hypothesis were
stated. The limitation of this study were also highlighted.
In the literature review as contained
in chapter two, works of various authors, international and local journals were
reviewed to elicit views on the roles and relevance of the account in business
and economic development.
Chapter three, research methodology,
description of population and sampling procedure for data collection were
discussed. Methods of questionnaire design, determination of sampling size and
questionnaire distribution were also highlighted.
Chapter four was based on analysis of
data collected. This chapter was sub-divided into data analysis, hypothesis
testing and summary. Percentage table, figure and narration were carefully
employed for proper understanding and testing of hypothesis.
Finally, chapter five was divided into
summary of findings, recommendation and conclusion.
Title Page - - - - - - - - - i
Approval Page - - - - - - - - ii
Declaration - - - - - - - - iii
Dedication - - - - - - - - - iv
Acknowledgement - - - - - - - v
Abstract - - - - - - - - - vi
Table of Contents - - - - - - - vii
ONE – INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study - - - - - 1
1.2 Statement of General Problem - - - - 5
1.3 Objective of the Study - - - - - - 6
1.4 Research Questions - - - - - - 6
1.5 Significance of the Study - - - - - 7
1.6 Scope of the Study - - - - - - 8
1.7 Definition of Terms - - - - - - 8
TWO – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 Introduction - - - - - - - 10
2.2 Theoretical Framework - - - - - 11
2.3 Conceptual Framework - - - - - 14
2.4 Empirical Review - - - - - - 16
THREE – RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Introduction - - - - - - - 32
3.2 Research Design - - - - - - 32
3.3 Area of the Study - - - - - - 32
3.4 Population of Study - - - - - - 33
3.5 Sample size and Sampling Techniques - - - 33
3.6 Instrument for Data Collection - - - - 33
3.7 Validity of the Instrument - - - - - 33
3.8 Reliability of the Instrument - - - - 34
3.9 Method of Data Collection - - - - - 34
3.10 Method of Data Analysis - - - - - 34
FOUR – DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.0 Introduction - - - - - - - 36
4.1 Data Presentation and Analysis - - - - 36
4.2 Characteristics of the Respondents - - - 36
Analysis - - - - - - - 39
4.4 Testing Hypothesis - - - - - - 46
of Findings - - - - - - 51
4.6 Discussion of Findings - - - - - 52
FIVE – SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.0 Introduction - - - - - - - 54
5.1 Summary - - - - - - - - 54
5.2 Conclusion - - - - - - - - 57
5.3 Recommendations - - - - - - 58
- - - - - - - - 61
Appendix - - - - - - - - 62
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Morality today, it has been observed, is increasingly
on a daily bases. Ethics as a way of ordered living which propagates ideal
communal life and human relationship is speedily waning. There is concern
inseveral quarters that at the rate immorality is making waves in the
society;the likely tendency is that there might be serious breakdown of law and
order which might lead to anarchy. It is said that a lawless and immoral
society is prone to chaotic situation and anarchy. An ideal society is that
which is devoid of violence, civil disorder,with minimal rate of
crimeandimmoral practices cumunethical standards. This is why sound morals and
ethical standard have been the concern of many social institutions in recent
years. Hence, many campaigns in the society today are geared towards curbing
immorality and other such vices and drama is a major instrument used by various
anti-immorality and anti-corruption campaign agencies. In Nigeria, the church
has been taking one of the leading roles in the campaign against immorality
(Etire, 2002) .
Moral, according to Webster’s Universal Dictionary
and Thesaurus, is an adjectival word that is “of or related to character,
particularly as regards to right from wrong. Morality has been defined as
principles concerning right and wrong, good and bad behaviour. However, morality
is to be seen as the right motive on which man is supposed to act, the good
which one ought to follow or achieve, the discerning power or conscience with
which one determines or knows right from wrong, the laws of mutual living able
to yield positive action otherwise known as freedom of will. Ethics in
theology, especially when referred to as Christian Ethics,is the same thing as
Moral Theology. Manton (2001) thus explains Moral Theology as “the study of how
people should act in the sight of God. The term is more frequently in Roman
The prevalence of immorality in churches among
members in Nigeria cannot be overemphasized. It has grown to a level that
creates fear and tension in the heart of anyone who has concern for the future
of Nigeria as a nation and that of the teeming Christian populates of Nigeria.
The society is grappling with many behavioral problems of the church members
and clergy/pastors alike, which according to Ekundayo&Oyeniyi (2008) and
Adebule (2012) include fraud, deception, intimidation, drug offences, smoking,
flirting, stealing and armed robbery, violent conduct and demonstration,
vandalism, examination malpractices, cultism and thuggery.In addition to the
above listed widely publicizedbehavioral problems, Dotonu (2011) stated that
heterosexual and homosexual activities are also viewed as part of the behavioral
problems prevalent in some of the Nigerian churches.
They are coined in the literature as sex abuse, sex
offences, sexual misconduct, immorality, promiscuity and maladjustment
(Omoteso, Adeniyi&Bada, 2010 and Anise, 2011). However, Dotonu (2011)
observed that sex abuse and fraudulent misappropriation of money appeared to be
one of the most serious and most common immorality among the youths and leaders
of the churches involved in this mess.
According to the new testament of the Holy Bible,
jealousy, killing, lies, adultery, fornication, theft, heresies, pride and
several immoral acts are against the will of God. However, the church is guided
by the word of God which is against all forms of immorality, but there are
still some level of immorality in churches.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Without doubt, there is an increasingly low level
of morality and ethical standard in the society today especially in the church,
many interest groups have laid blame on modernism and developments especially
the advent of modern technology and the internet.
One of the outstanding remarkable virtues of a good
society should be sexual purity which has received little or no attention from the society
today. Also, sexual immorality has eaten deep into the fabric of the society.
It has become the mainstay of the peoples’ behaviour (Adebule, 2012).
Fraudulent accumulation of wealth has also been the order of the day in
Researches have shown (Omoteso, Adeniyi&Bada,
2010; Anise, 2011 and Odebiyi, 2001) that sexual immorality and corruption has
thousands of destructive effects on the society. However, the researcher is
examining the issues of immorality in church with the hope of identifying the
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
following are the objectives of this study:
examine the issues of immorality in churches.
determine the way forward on the issue of church immorality.
identify the factors encouraging immorality in churches.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
is the level of immorality in churches?
is the way forward on the issue of church immorality.
are the factors encouraging immorality in churches?
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
following are the significance of this study:
of this study will educate the church leaders and the general public on the
issues of immorality in the church and identifying the way forward on the issue
of church immorality.
2. This research will also serve as a
resource base to other scholars and researchers interested in carrying out
further research in this field subsequently, if applied will go to an extent to
provide new explanation to the topic.
1.7 SCOPE/LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
study on immorality in churches will cover all forms of immoral activities that
exist in churches today with a view of finding a lasting solution to the problem.
Limitations of study
Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the
efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature
or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire
Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously
engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down
on the time devoted for the research work.
Adebule, S. O. (2012). Moral discipline
and academic performance of secondary school students in Ekiti State of
Nigeria.Journal of Ireland International Conference on Education.
Anise, E. O. (2011).HIV/AIDS risky
behaviours among commercial drivers in Ekiti State.An unpublished M.Ed. thesis,
University of Ado-Ekiti.
Dotonu, T. O. (2011). An assessment of
the prevalence of sexual immorality among secondary school students in Ido/Osi
Local Government Area of Ekiti State.An unpublished B.A.Ed. project, University
Ekundayo, H. T. &Oyeniyi, P. (2008).Issues
in examination malpractices in Nigerian educational system.Journal of
Educational Foundations and Management. 6(1): 158—166.
Etire, Rufus T. Principles and
Practice of Christian Ethics. Port Harcourt: R. T. Etire,2002.
Manton, M.E. A Dictionary of Theological Terms.
Grace: London, 2001