Students’ learning in tertiary
institutions all over the world has undergone tremendous
transformations, especially since the advent of Information and
Communication Technology (ICT). There is a shift from the traditional
approach of teacher directed/didactic to modern method where computer
technology plays a significant role. ICT has promoted learning and made
it more meaningful where students can stay even in their homes or
classrooms and receive lecturers without seeing the lecturer. The
aspect of ICT that has brought about this revolution in students’
learning is e-learning.
E-learning as explained by Open Learning Centre
(2007) is an educational resource that helps in effective teaching and
learning process created through combining e-digital content with local
community and tutor support along with global community engagement. It
is also an effective and efficient system of self-paced personal
training available over the internet. The Commission of Technology and
Adult (2001) defined e-learning as instructional content or learning
experiences delivered or enabled by electronic technology. Also, Erah
(2006) stated that the term e-learning refers to computer-enhanced
training as opposed to the computer-based training of the 1980s. It is
usually delivered through personal computers and includes learning
delivered by other communication technologies.
The devices often used for this purpose include:-
laptops or personal computers, CD ROMs. Television, Personal Digital
Assistants (PDAs). MP3 players and mobile phones. Communication
technologies enable the use of internet e-mail, discussion forms,
collaborative software, classroom management software, team learning
systems, intranet, extranet, Local Area Network (LAN), Wide Area
Network (WAN), audio and videotapes, satellite down links, computerized
diagnostic assessment, competency certification and electronic
portfolios (Asogwa, 2006).
E-learning is based on electronic formats (Bodys,
2005). It can benefit any students or teacher irrespective of the
background. E-learning is a major issue in pedagogy of individualized
instruction, self pace study etc, which is; adapting the teaching to
the needs of various learners. E-learning provides this by making
available the required learning materials for teaching of these
vocational subjects which eventually leads to increased graduation
rates and lower failure rates of students.
Finally, it promotes equity by providing students
with access to courses which may not ordinarily be available and
providing teachers with materials for teaching (Asogwa, 2006).
2.2 Concept of Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
Initially in business and other organizations, internal reporting
was produced manually and only periodically, as by-product of the
accounting system and with some additional statistic(s) and gave
limited and delayed information on management performance. Data was
organized manually according to the requirements and necessity of the
organization. As computational technology developed, information began
to be distinguished from data and systems were developed to produce and
organize abstractions, summaries, relationships and generalizations
based on the data.
Early business computers were used for simple
operations such as tracking sales or payroll data, with little detail
or structure. Over time, those computer applications became more
complex, hardware storage capacities grew, and technologies improved
for connecting previously isolated applications. As more and more data
was stored and linked, managers sought greater detail as well as
greater abstraction with the aim of creating entire management reports
from the raw, stored data. The term “MIS” arose to describe such
applications providing managers with information about sales,
inventories, and other data that would help in managing the enterprise.
Today, the term is used broadly in a number of contexts and includes
(but is not limited to): decision support system resource and people
management applications, enterprise resource planning (ERP), enterprise
performance management (EPM), supply chain management (SCM), customer
relationship management (CRM), project management and database
Various authors had define ICT differently, among
them is Onuma (2007), he define ICT as the aspect of managing and
processing information through the use of electronic computers and
computers software to convert, store, protect, process, transmit and
retrieve information. It can also been seen as computer-based tools
used by people to work with information and communication processing
needs of an individual or organization. It encompasses the computer,
computer hardware and software, the network and several other devices
(video, audio, macro-electronic devices, software etc.) that convert
information (text), image, sounds and motion into common form
(Akubuilo, 2007). It is the handling and processing of information for
use by means of electronic and communication gadgets such as computers
such as computers, cameras, telephones etc.
Information is a term with many meanings
depending on the context; it is seen as organized data which is
understood to have significance and meaning or data that have been
processed and presented in a form suitable for human interpretation,
often with the purpose of revealing trends or patterns or an organized
data that has been arranged for better comprehension and understanding.
However, communication takes place when information is shared
interchangeably between two or more individual is a major component of
ICT is a process by which people exchange information or express their
thoughts and feelings.
Technology simply implies the application of
knowledge to meet the goals, goods and services desired by the people.
It is the innovation, change or modification of the natural environment
to satisfy perceived human needs and wants ICT is the scientific tool
and techniques for developing, documenting and communicating
information when especially as they concern solving problems, providing
need services in the various areas of human endeavours. ICT can also be
described as a whole range of technologies involved in information
processing. It is a term used to described technologies, which
receives, record, processes, transmit and retrieves information. It is
the handling and processing of information by means of electronic and
communication devices such as computers, cameras, telephones etc. It is
therefore, a scientific method of sharing, exchanging and sending or
moving such information from one place to another.
A Research proposal for the use of information and communication technology in teaching of vocational subjects in nigeria polytechnics:
A Review on the use of information and communication technology in teaching of vocational subjects in nigeria polytechnics, information, communication, technology project topics, researchcub.info, project topic, list of project topics, research project topics, journals, books, Academic writer.
Technology simply implies the application of knowledge to meet the goals, goods and services desired by the people. It is the innovation, change or modification of the natural environment to satisfy perceived human needs and wants ICT is the scientific tool and techniques for developing, documenting and communicating information when especially as they concern solving problems, providing need services in the various areas of human endeavours. ICT can also be described as a whole range of technologies involved in information processing. It is a term used to described technologies, which receives, record, processes, transmit and retrieves information. It is the handling and processing of information by means of electronic and communication devices such as computers, cameras, telephones etc. It is therefore, a scientific method of sharing, exchanging and sending or moving such information from one place to another. .. information technology project topics
THE USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY IN TEACHING OF VOCATIONAL SUBJECTS IN NIGERIA POLYTECHNICS