FACTORS INFLUENCING UTILIZATION OF PREVENTION OF MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION (PMTCT) SERVICES AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING ANTE-NATAL CLINIC IN UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR TEACHING HOSPITAL (UCTH)


FACTORS INFLUENCING UTILIZATION OF PREVENTION OF MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION (PMTCT) SERVICES AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING ANTE-NATAL CLINIC IN UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR TEACHING HOSPITAL (UCTH)

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FACTORS INFLUENCING UTILIZATION OF PREVENTION OF MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION (PMTCT) SERVICES AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING ANTE-NATAL CLINIC IN UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR TEACHING HOSPITAL (UCTH)

ABSTRACT

This study sought to assess the factors influence the utilization of PMTCT services among pregnant women in antenatal clinic in University of Calabar Teaching Healthcare (UCTH), Calabar. The specific Objectives of the Study were: to assess the level of knowledge about PMTCT services, determine the socio-economic factors influencing utilization of PMTCT services and to identify the cultural/religion factors influencing utilization of PMTCT services among pregnant women in UCTH. Three research questions were raised and a hypothesis formulated to guide the study as follows: There is no significant relationship between level of knowledge and utilization of PMTCT services among women. The study was a descriptive research where 85 pregnant women who attended antenatal clinic in UCTH were selected through the purposive sampling technique. Data were collected by administering questionnaire. Data were analyzed using frequency tables and percentages, the findings of the study revealed that: Majority of the respondents have good knowledge about PMTCT services. The socio-economic factors influencing utilization of PMTCT services among pregnant women were: stigmatization and discrimination by healthcare personnel; dependence of women on their husbands to make healthcare decisions; distance to PMTCT facilities; unavailability of PMTCT services and attitude of health personnel (nurses) towards people living with HIV. Cultural/religious beliefs do not hinder utilization of PMTCT services. The hypothesis was tested for significance at 0.05 level and 1 degree of freedom, using the Chi-Square (X2) analysis. The result showed that the calculated value 55.45 is higher than the critical value (3.84). Thus, the null hypothesis was rejected, indicating that there is significant relationship between level of knowledge and utilization of PMTCT services among women. Based on the findings, conclusion was drawn. It was recommended amongst others that: there is need for involvement of the stakeholders in the healthcare system in bridging the gap between knowledge and utilization of PMTCT services among women.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

Title page    -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        i

Certification-        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        ii

Dedication- -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        iii

Acknowledgement-        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        iv

Abstract      -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        v

Table of contents- -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        vi

List of tables-       -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        ix

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1            Background of the study-        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -1

1.2     Statement of problems   -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -2

1.3     Purpose of the study-    -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -3

1.4     Objectives of the study- -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -3

1.5     Research questions-       -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -4

1.6     Hypothesis-          -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -4

1.7     Scope of the study -       -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -4

1.8       Significance of the study-      -        -        -        -        -        -        -4

1.9     Limitations-          -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -5

1.10   Operational definition of terms-        -        -        -        -        -        -        -5

 

 

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW    

2.1     Theoretically-       -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -6

2.1.2 Knowledge about prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT)   among pregnant women- -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -10

2.1.3  Factors influencing utilization of PMTCT-          -        -        -        -         12 2.2         Conceptual framework- -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -19

CHAPTER THREE

METHODOLOGY

3.1       Research design-          -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -22

3.2      Research setting- -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -22

3.3     Research population-    -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -23

3.3.1  Target population-        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -23

3.3.2   Accessible population- -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -23

3.4.1   Sample Size-       -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -23

3.4.2    Sampling technique-    -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -23

3.5     Instruments for data collection-        -        -        -        -        -        -        -24

 3.6.1 Validity of the instrument-      -        -        -        -        -        -        -24

3.6.2  Reliability of the instrument-  -        -        -        -        -        -        -24

 3.7   Method of Data Collection-     -        -        -        -        -        -        -25

3.8   Method of data analysis- -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -25

3.9   Ethical considerations-    -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -25

CHAPTER FOUR

DATA ANALYSIS AND RESULTS

4.1     Socio-Demographic Variables-         -        -        -        -        -        -        -26

4.2 Results for Research Questions- -        -        -        -        -        -        -28

4.3 Result of Research Hypothesis-  -        -        -        -        -        -        -34

CHAPTER FIVE

DISCUSSION OF FINDING

5.1     Discussion of Findings-          -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -36

5.1.1 The knowledge of pregnant women in UCTH about prevention and control of HIV/AIDS.-          -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -36

5.1.2  Socio-economic factors influencing utilization of PMTCT services among pregnant women.-      -        --       -        -        -        -        -        -        -37

5.1.3  Cultural/religion factors influencing utilization of PMTCT services among

 

pregnant women in UCTH.-    -        -        -        -        -        -        -38   

5.1.4  Relationship between level of knowledge and utilization of PMTCT services among women-       -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -39

 

5.2                      Summary-   -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -39

5.3 Conclusion-    -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -41

5.4 Recommendations-  -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -41

REFERENCES

APPENDIX i (QUESTIONNAIRE)

APPENDIX ii (LETTER OF INTRODUCTION)

 

 

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1: Socio-Demographic Data

Table 2: Level of knowledge about PMTCT services among pregnant women in          UCTH

Table 3: Socio-economic factors influencing utilization of PMTCT service in     UCTH

Table 4: Cultural/ religious factors influencing utilization of PMTCT service in UCTH

Table 5: chi-square (X2 ) Analysis of the relationship between level of      knowledge and utilization of  PMTCT service

FACTORS INFLUENCING UTILIZATION OF PREVENTION OF MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION (PMTCT) SERVICES AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING ANTE-NATAL CLINIC IN UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR TEACHING HOSPITAL (UCTH)

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This study sought to assess the factors influence the utilization of PMTCT services among pregnant women in antenatal clinic in University of Calabar Teaching Healthcare (UCTH), Calabar. The specific Objectives of the Study were: to assess the level of knowledge about PMTCT services, determine the socio-economic factors influencing utilization of PMTCT services and to identify the cultural/religion factors influencing utilization of PMTCT services among pregnant women in UCTH. Three research questions were raised and a hypothesis formulated to guide the study as follows: There is no significant relationship between level of knowledge and utilization of PMTCT services among women. The study was a descriptive research where 85 pregnant women who attended antenatal clinic in UCTH were selected through the purposive sampling technique. Data were collected by administering questionnaire... health and sex education project topics

FACTORS INFLUENCING UTILIZATION OF PREVENTION OF MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION (PMTCT) SERVICES AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING ANTE-NATAL CLINIC IN UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR TEACHING HOSPITAL (UCTH)

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  • TYPE : PROJECT MATERIAL
  • FORMAT : MICROSOFT WORD
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  • PAGES : 50 Pages
  • CHAPTERS : 1 - 5
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