1.0 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The need to motivate workers in an economy like
our is the concern of manager of both private and public established. There is
the need for managers to understand and accommodate various people that work in
one organization for the purpose of increasing productivity and for them to
induce personnel to do their job, the manager’s needs to understand different
behaviours that workers exhibit in an organization.
The motivation of administration personnel of
local education Authority, Dutsin – ma is not an exception as their performance
behaviour is akin ti that up others organization in Nigeria.
It is this premises that we intend to take a look
at the situation with a view if finding solution to them, or at least reduce
the incidence of low productivity. It is also my hope that at the end of this
exercise, the picture would be clearer in the area of motivation and increased
productivity in the organization.
An organization is composed of people who interact
at different levels toward achieving a certain goal. Management therefore
creates and maintain an environment which individual work together in-group
towards the accomplishment of the set objectives Fadeyi (1976).
The success of an organization is contingent on
the performance or effective ness of workers in that organization. The
management in that organization. The management has the responsibility to study
how best to induce or motivate the employees to put in their best. This could
be done through the management study, the organization adopts to increase
The management also ensures that the rate of staff
turnover is highly reduced to the best barest minimum. This study revolves
around the techniques of motivation employed by the management of Local
Education Authority Dustin – ma and whether the techniques when properly
planned and applied could increase productivity of such organization. Any
organization that does not recognize the importance of motivation could hardly
increase productivity and retain staff for quite long.
It is determination of this work of researcher to
examine the various component of motivation, which are essential to
establishing and sustaining productivity through effective performance, as
workers are most valuable assets in an organization that is service oriented.
OF THE RESEARCH PROBLEM
There is hardly any organization that can progress
without adequate motivation of its workers. The importance of motivation in any
organization cannot be over emphasized.
A critical examination of our governmental
organization and local organization for that matter reveal scale inadequacies.
It is possible to immediately point the high degree of inadequacies – the cause
and possible solution. The attitude of workers is generally negative and
characterized by dissatisfaction, frustration, lack of interest and
An individual group with this kind of unhealthy
disposition cannot be in a position to voluntarily cooperate to the full extend
of their ability in the interest of the organization. The aim of all
organizations is to fully utilize its human resources to the fullest towards
the attainment of it objective; such attitude to work is determine to the
survival of any organization.
The question arises, how can we gain and sustain
employee motivation for quality and productivity? Wayne (1989) state that “There has been a
declines in the rate of Industrial Productivity both in private and public”.
Although government has continued to make efforts
towards motivating its workers the recent nationwide strike shows that there is
much to be desired. It is very difficult to say categorically that motivational
effects fully meet the yearnings and aspiration of civil servants.
There is a need to handle workers to perform since
their services are vital to the development of the society.
1.2 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The aims and objectives of the study research are
1) To understand how subordinates motivate
subordinate to behave in a way that will move the organization towards its
2) To find out the motivational differences that
exists among the various levels of management.
3) To find out the effects of motivation on the staff
of Local Education Authority Dutsin - ma
4) The research is aimed at finding out the extend to
which motivation in a work place increase or decrease productivity.
5) The research will offer useful suggestions on how
to improve the work situation in an organization.
6) To enable further research into the organization
with a view to increasing the level of productivity.
7) To serve as basis of research into other areas of
interest in the organization
1.3 SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY
Employee productivity has been very low in the
country. The problem appears to have become compounded due to continuous
increase in workforce of both private and public sectors of the economy.
The situation is more worrisome in the public
sector where employment of employee does not depend on rather reduction of
unemployment and satisfaction of political desire.
The aim of any organization is to render services
or make profits and the attitude of employees to work need to be continually
studies as human beings are unpredictable.
The need for such studies was identified since the
industrial relation by theorist in an attempt to improve workers condition
towards increasing productivity.
The federal, state and local government spend
millions Naira on staff salaries alone yearly, while the amount spend does not
commiserate with output, there is need to check his imbalance.
Furthermore, employers are always kin to know how
the cause of employees attitude and behaviour with a view to motivating them to
sustain increased productivity. Through many theorists exist on motivation,
most differ in what they implicitly suggest to administration to do in order to
obtain effective performance from their employees. Effective performance from their employees.
Nigeria a peculiar problem arising from
absenteeism, lateness to work and outright condiment from duties and this has
affected productivity generally and the need to carry out studies that will
lead to the performance of the organizational task cannot be exhaustive.
1.4 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
It is important to define the scope and limitation
of this research work with respect to coverage and time dimension.
The reactions of such boundaries are usually
necessary due to the problems posed by the organization of large data.
This study is therefore confirmed to impact of
motivation on staff performance as it relates to administrative staff of Local
Education Authority Dutsin – ma. Time and money has been the constraint in the
The time given for this research was too short to
warrant intensive research work and financing of the work also contributes. The
amount of money required will not be easily sourced.
Any attempt to estimate time and money make the
exercise unattainable. It is hope that the study will serve as a representative
sample to others local education authorities in Katsina state whose inductive
finding will be generally applicable.
Finally other scholar will undertake similar
researcher in the future to put the organization in its true perspective for
the entire state
1.5 OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS
For clarity, the following terms are used in this
can be defined as an internal zeal, which activates ones behaviour towards
achieving a goal others see motivation as a process of inducing an individual
to perform a given task in order to achieve his as well as the organization
It is that which serves as stimulus to action with the use of money or other
forms of rewards not stipulated in the terms of employment e.g. loan, health
Job Satisfaction: It is the attitude feeling, sentiment which
employees has towards his/her work. It is determined by the job content. Such
as responsibility and advancement as well as job conditions
This refers to reward paid in addition to employee’s lunch, provision of care
Kilometer allowance, telephone allowance, education for children, leave grant,
This simply means an individual state of mind, which in the event of any given
activity affects performance of any given task. Good or high morale produce
confidence optimum, enthusiasm and inner drive to succeed. Lower morale produces
negative attitude towards job performance.
(1943): A theory of human motivation, Psychological Review
D.F (1976): Management Foundation and Practices: Publication
(1968): Motivating men with Money: Fortune, Magazine