TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Approval Page iii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study 1
Statement of the Problem 3
Objective of the Study 4
Significance of the Study 5
Research Questions 5
Scope of the Study 6
Definition of Terms 6
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.0 Introduction 8
2.1 The Concept of Corporate Governance 8
of Corporate Governance 10
Impact of Corporate Governance on the Performance of Corporate Organizations 12
and External Corporate governance control mechanism 15
2.5 The Systemic Problems of Corporate
2.6 Corporate Governance Models around the World 19
2.7 Regulation in Corporate Governance 22
2.8 Parties to Corporate Governance 25
2.9 Summary of the Literature Review 31
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
3.1 Introduction 32
3.2 Research Design 32
3.3 Area of Study 32
3.4 Population of the Study 32
3.5 Sample Size and Sampling Technique 33
3.6 Instrument of Data Collection 33
3.7 Validation of the Instrument 33
3.8 Reliability of Instrument 34
3.9 Method of Data Collection 34
3.10 Method of Data Analysis 34
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION
4.1 Introduction 36
4.2 Characteristics of Respondents 36
4.3 Data Analysis 37
4.4 Summary of Findings 43
4.5 Discussion of Findings 44
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.0 Introduction 46
5.1 Summary 46
5.2 Conclusion 47
5.3 Recommendations 48
of the Study
Governance is a number of process, customers, policies, laws and institutions
which impacts on the way a company is controlled. An important theme of
corporate governance is the nature and extent of accountability of people in
the business and mechanisms that try to decrease the principal agent problem
Governance also includes the relationships among the many stakeholders involved
and the goals for which the corporation is governed. In contemporary business
corporations, the main external stakeholder groups are shareholders, debt
holders, trade creditors, suppliers, customer and communities affected by the
corporation’s activities. Informal stakeholders are the board of directors,
executives and other employees. It guarantees that an enterprise is directed
and controlled in a responsible, professional, and transparent manner with the
purpose of safeguarding its long-tem success it is intended to increase the
confidence of shareholders and capital market investors.
World Bank (2009) states that corporate governance comprises two mechanisms,
internal and external corporate governance. Internal corporate governance,
giving priority to shareholder’s interest, operated on the board of directors
to monitor top management. On the other hand, external corporate governance
monitors and controls manager’s behaviors by means of external regulations and
force, in which many parties, such as suppliers, debtors (stakeholders),
accountants, lawyers, and providers of credit and investment bank.
the past, so many corporate organizations have been caught of getting involved
in unethical practices, for example the discovery of financial scam by the Central
Bank of Nigeria after the consolidation exercise, involving seven top bank
executives in Nigeria, which puts the credibility of their corporate image
under suspicion, which further shocking investors confidence. Consequently,
corporate governance mechanism has been a crucial issue discussed again.
is against this background that the researcher see the subject matter;
corporate governance and its impact on the management of Forte Oil Nigeria Plc,
Kaduna as an
issue worthy of being investigated.
the past, so many organizations in Nigeria have been involved in
unethical practices, which puts the credibility of their corporate image doubt.
As such Forte Oil Nigerria Limited just like other oil company have been
constraint with issues arising form customer’s complaint of exploitations of
workers by using contract staff as against direct engagement of workers that
would be remunerated according to their condition of service. Previous
researches into the subject has brought to light the poor governance of so many
companies with indebted accounts in Nigeria economy. Their accounting
systems did not reflect the companies financial status. A typical example is
the financial scam of Oceanic and Intercontinental Bank after the consolidation.
Most management of such outfits were not accountable to stakeholders of the
companies. Besides, the counts and the regulatory agencies were short of
authority, corruption and kickbacks were part of the system in the companies.
The poor governance practices led to the collapse of so many companies in Nigeria.
Hence the need to study corporate governance and its impact on the management
of Forte Oil Nigeria Plc Kaduna.
of the Study
main objective of the study is to examine the corporate governance and its
impact on the management of Forte Oil Nigeria Plc. The specific objectives are:
To examine the effect of corporate
governance on the performance of Forte Oil Nigeria Plc.
To examine the internal and external
corporate governance control mechanism in Forte Oil Nigeria Plc.
To identify the systemic problems of
corporate governance in Forte Oil Nigeria Plc.
To proffer workable solutions to the
identified problem of corporate governance in Forte Oil Nigeria Plc.
of the Study
study will be significant to Forte Oil Nigeria Plc especially as they utilize
the findings of this research in enhancing policy governance in their
organization. The study will also add to the existing knowledge on the subject
matter and will also be a reference material for further research on corporate
central research question is: What is the impact of corporate governance on the
management of Forte Oil Nigeria Plc? The specific questions are:
How does corporate governance affect
the performance of Forte Oil Nigeria Plc?
What are the internal and external
corporate governance control mechanism in place in Forte Oil Nigeria Plc?
What are the systemic problems
militating against corporate governance in Forte Oil Nigeria Plc?
What are the solutions to such
of the Study
study covers the examination of the impact of corporate governance on Forte Oil
Nigeria Plc. The collection of empirical data is limited to Forte Oil Nigeria
Plc Kaduna main office. The study covers a time from 2006 – 2011.
of the Study
limitation of this study arise from the shortcoming of the research design, the
instrument of data collection and the non-challant attitude of respondents. For
the fact that the survey study is used it is not certain whether other research
design such as the descriptive design, historical design or ex-post design will
yield the same result. It is not also certain if the same result would be
obtained if other kind of instrument of data collection other than the
questionnaire is used to obtain data. Besides, the non-challant attitude of the
respondents and the over exaggeration or understatement of their responses when
scoring the items in the questionnaire could affect the validity of their
responses. These limitations should be taken cognizance of by other researchers
conducting similar studies.
is relationship that exists between the different participants, and defining the
direction of the firm.
This refers to corporate entity or a body by means of which capital is
acquired, used for investing in assets producing goods and services.
People who have invested in a company through subscribing to the company’s
Structure: Management at the top comprising of
board of directors.
Structure: Shareholders and directors.
Acronym for Chief Executive Officer.