TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER ONE: Introduction
of the Study 1
of the Problem 2
of the Study 3
of the Study 4
of the Study 4
of Terms 5
CHAPTER TWO: Literature Review
2.0 Introduction 7
of Leadership 7
Situational Approach to Leadership 14
and Blanchard’s Situational Leadership Theory 15
to Consider in Selecting Leadership Style 17
between Leadership and Productivity 19
and Motivation 20
of Motivation 25
and Decision Making 26
and Communication 28
CHAPTER THREE: Research Methodology
of Study 30
of the Study 31
and Sampling Procedure 31
for Data Collection 31
of the Data 32
Technique Used for Analyzing Data 32
CHAPTER FOUR: Data Analysis and Presentation
of Result 34
CHAPTER FIVE: Summary, Discussion, Conclusion and Recommendation
of Procedures 45
of Findings 46
of Findings 47
for Further Studies 49
CHAPTER I: Introduction
1.1 Background of the Study
The importance of leadership in an
organization can not be overemphasized. Leadership is a major element that sets
successful and unsuccessful organizations and government apart. It plays
central role in offering direction and purpose towards achieving goals of the
organization. It is also an important element in the social relationship of groups
at work. Leadership is the main factor that determines and shape group behaviour.
When it is correctly applied, each employee enjoys a feeling of strong
commitment towards achieving organizational goals. Regardless of equality of
its members, every group will tend to have a system in which it will have a
However, organizational goals can
never be achieved without proper leadership style in play. It is important to
note that the effective performance of an individual employee is a function of
both his personal characteristics and the individual environment. A careful
consideration of knowledge, skills, experience, attitude and motivation of an
employee enhance maximum productivity and efficiency in the job. Since
leadership deals with the human resource element, it provides the basis for
effective utilization of material resources in an organization through
individual skills, knowledge and ability.
Leadership can simply be defined as a
process of influencing the activities of an individual or a group towards
attainment of set goals. Leadership is the life wire of an organization.
Douglas McGregor theory X and theory Y is to the view that leaders attitude
towards human nature as a large influence on how that person behaves as a
leader and how it affects the employee under the leader. It is however
important to note that no single leadership style is likely to be effective in
all circumstances, leadership style vary based on surroundings and
However, instead of concentrating on
a single leadership style, leaders can vary their approaches depending on three
factors: forces in the leader, forces in the subordinate and forces in the
situation. An effective leader is measured by his ability to manage and
withstand forces around him and how to effectively utilize human and material
resources to attain organizational objectives. Douglas McGregor put it clear
that there is a close relationship between leaders’ expectation and the
resulting performance of subordinates. He further explains that if leaders’
expectations are high, productivity is likely to be high.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
One of the problems observed by the
researcher is the inflexibility of the leadership style by most organization
managers. They fail to adjust their style of leading to the changing situations
and business environment. This failure is as a result of the lack of
understanding of the fact that no one particular style of leadership can fit
all conditions and must be flexible to give room for change.
Another problem is close to the
first. Managers failure to consider the prevailing situation when leading their
subordinates. They fail to allow the situation dictate the particular style of
leadership to adopt.
Also is the problem of absence of an
effective line of communication between the manager and their employees. The
communication gap between leaders and their subordinate posses a big problem
for several organization as effective leadership is predicated on communication
pattern of both the managers and their subjects.
In conclusion, leaders lack
managerial experience in ensuring that workers are motivated, the absence of
motivation contributes to the inefficiency and ineffectiveness of workers.
1.3 Objective of the Study
identify the different leadership styles and their relationship with employee
determine the relationship between leadership styles and employee motivation
ascertain the effects of leadership styles on employee morale
determine the relationship between employee productivity and placement
examine the significance of leadership styles on organization survival
1.4 Significance of the Study
This research work is aimed at
improving employee productivity through the various leadership styles. It is
also aimed at highlighting the relationship between leadership styles and
employee motivation, the significance of leadership styles on organization
survival. It will also serve as reference document to students, government,
other researchers and scholars, leaders, employee by contributing towards the
advancement of knowledge in management and other field. It is also a
requirement in partial fulfillment for the award of
1.5 Research Questions
are the different leadership style and their relationship with employee
are the relationship between leadership styles and employee motivation
are the effects of leadership styles on employee morale
are the relationship between employee productivity and placement
are the significance of leadership styles on organization survival
1.6 Scope of the Study
The study centre on the concept of
leadership styles and their impact on employee productivity, to identify the
different leadership styles and their relationship with employee productivity,
to determine the relationship between leadership styles and employee
motivation, to determine the relationship between employee productivity and
placement, to ascertain the relationship between leadership styles on employee
morale, to establish the impact of leadership styles on organization survival.
1.7 Definition of Terms
The process of directing and inspiring employee to perform task and oriented
activities of the organization.
various behavior patterns favoured by leaders during the process of directing
and influencing employee.
The act of carrying out an action or a piece of work.
The force that influence, enthusian, direct employee energy towards the
attainment of set objectives.
One who rules by his own power without seeking the opinion of his subordinate.
One who adheres to, or promote individual participation as a principle.
Laissez faire: A
leader general principle of no interference with the free action of his
artificially contrived structures with procedures and objectives defining the
responsibilities and highlighting who does what type of job task.
of satisfaction derived from achieving recognition and competence.