One of the major problems confronting management today is that of
motivating to perform assigned task to meet or surpasses predetermined
standard. Motivation is that energizing forces that induces or compels
and maintains behaviour. Human behaviour is motivated it is goals
It is not easy to motivate an individual, for the success of any
motivational effort depends on the extent of which the motivator meets
the needs of the individual employees for whom it is intended.
Motivation is an internal psychological process whose presence or
absence is intended from observed performance.
In Nigeria today, lack of proper managerial knowledge, economic
depression and high rate of unemployment have made most workers
subjected to themselves, to deplorable working conditions, which of
course are the catalyst of low performance.
The management of most organization tends to believe that workers
are satisfied with their job but unfortunately they are not.
The disadvantage of these to the employers that workers will not put in their best and the result will be low performance.
Managers in most of the organization are aware of the situation in
the labour market, and as such went to capitalize on that to subject
workers to deplorable working condition. It is when one is satisfied
both physically and psychologically that such a person can perform his
best. Therefore, intimidating workers or threatening to sack can only
worsen the situation. But cannot solve it.
Job satisfaction presupposes going to work and getting believed of
work done. In Nigeria, most at times, the pay given to a worker is not
commensurable to the type of work done. This is the reason why
sometimes efficient and experience worker leave an organization for
another organization that pay more or stay in the organization and
perform below expectation.
Job dissatisfaction is quite prevalent in most organization. low
performance which comes as a result of job dissatisfaction is always the
basis for conflict between organization and workers. Managers always
blame the workers for not putting in their best, and on side of the
workers they blame management for not providing or creating an enabling
environment as in motivation. Whoever may be guilty, the bottom line
is satisfying the objective of the organization, which of course is to
make enough profit to keep the organization moving.
To meet the above object there need for both the management and
employee to reach a consensus, the management meeting the desires of
the workers and in turn the employees putting in their best in terms of
performance. The workers need security of all types; physical,
psychological and economic are important for effective and efficient
Security can serve as an incentive to some individual to remain
with the organization and to put in maximum effort in performance.
1.1 STATEMENT OF GENERAL PROBLEM
Some organization tends to employ more personnel in order to meet
the set target of their organization’s production and to satisfy the
primary demand of customer. However, despites all these effort, there
could still be inefficiency that is performance could still be below
This situation, which have a negative effect on sales, call for
great concern and action in order to check and make proper correction
to the problem.
When an employee is confronted with a problem in work situation,
his usual reaction will be to adopt a problem solving behaviour, which
may take the form variability in though, or action. If the variability
in action and thought does not appear to be the solution to problem,
the employees can abandon the problem and settle for less.
As a result, motivating the personnel to find out what could be responsible becomes inevitable.
- AIMS AND OBJECTIVE OF THE ESSAY
This study is aimed at looking at possible areas workers can be
motivated to increase their level of performance and high productivity.
No matter how good any organization is, it does not get any thing done properly until people who make the organization do it.
Workers in the past were satisfied with money management they
though when that money could boost the workers and their level of
performance and efficiency.
The basic salary of the lowest cadre of employees in the labour
market has been increased frequently but they still perform very much
below the normal level expected of them.
Even with the best strategy in place an appropriate organizational
architecture, an organization will be effective only if its members
are motivated to perform at a high level. A key challenge for managers
or organization both large and small is to encourage employees to
perform at a high level.
The objective of this study is aims at describing what motivation
is, where it comes from and why managers need to promote high levels of
it for an organization to be effective and achieve its goals.
- SIGNIFICANT OF THE ESSAY
The important of this study is mainly for the expansion of
knowledge to ascertain whether the employees are encourages by some
motivational factors or encourage by their habit to work hard in other
to achieve organizational goals or objectives.
From the various studies as well as discussion mentioned earlier,
it is apparent that there is enough reason to warrant a study that will
examine factors relating the effects of motivation on employees.
Since current investigations have revealed little scientific
search in this area, the studies will some what pioneer a search for
the true position.
An unmotivated employee is a threat to any organization concerned.
When an employees fails to achieve a goal or perceive that he cannot
achieve a goal, he feels frustrated and could develop other peculiarity
characteristic of the position in which he finds himself.
- SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE ESSAY
For the purpose of this study as the topic depicts, the scope of
the essay will be focused on motivational factors on employees
performance. The research covers in a comprehensive position the
principles, techniques method involved in motivational factors.
In the earlier stage of the study there is a detailed coverage of
the objective, principles, techniques and methods of motivation,
relating to the analysis and gathering of motivation and motivational
ascertainment. At each stage, concept are illustrated by practical
example and placed into context so that the readers are aware of the
importance and relationships of the various aspects of motivational
This study does not cover all the motivational factors contain in some advance books or syllabuses.
It is necessary to mention some of the limitation of this
research work. The chief limitation is the difficulty in obtaining
relevant information. The polytechnic library has related books on the
subject of the study.
The method at collected data created problem, since the
researchers has to interviewing the workers as a result of their tight
working schedule. Subsequent to this problem is the combination of
academic work with the study.
Not withstanding, in the highlighted limitation above, it is hoped
that this research will be useful to the organization studies and
other similar organization that may want to achieve high performance
through motivation of the employees.