In this project work, an
attempt has been made to study how the impact of Trade Union and
industrial Relations Practice on Organizational Peace' and Harmony,
using Union bank of Nigeria as a case of Study, As Trade Union implies
as a continuous association of wage earners for the purpose of
maintaining and improving the conditions of their working lives. This
view pointed out the calibre of people forming Trade Union and the
purpose for which Trade Union is established.
Therefore, there is the
need to evaluate the role of Trade Union and Industrial Relations
practice on Organizational Peace and Harmony because Trade Union
represents any avenue through which issues relating to workers are
discussed. As a result of this, management and Union will then bargains
collectively over matters pertaining to wages, hour of work and other
conditions of employment and agreement is reached. Also" almost every
worker owes and allegiance to a particular Trade Union and such worker
will maintain an in-Group membership by confronting to the internal
decision reached by the Union.
This study was also
designed to find out the reliable way of improving worker productivity
and to know the various problems facing trade unionism in most
organizations and how the trade union contributed to organizational
growth. In the realization of the foregoing, the following serves as
the summary of the findings.
The study pointed out that
a Trade Union should not restrict itself to working for the interest of
members alone, but also for the interest of the entire Organization in
order to help the Organization to accomplish its objective. If this is
done, in the interest of the both -parts as major actors in the
Industrial Management are taking care of and growth which is joint
responsibility will be enhanced.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of contents
1. 2 Statement of problems
1.3 Research questions
1.4 Objectives of study
1.5 Significance of study
1.6 Scope and limitation of the study
1.7 Definition of terms
LITERATURE REVIEW AND THEORETICAL FRAME WOEK
2.1 Theoretical Orientation
2.2 Conceptual Frame work
2.3 Research Hypotheses
2.4 Goals of trade union
2.5 Condition necessary for effective trade union
2.6 socio-cultural facing organizational Peace
2.7 The impact of trade union and Industrial relation Practice on industrial peace
2.8 Theoretical framework
Population of the study
Sample size and sample techniques
Method of data analysis
RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS OF DATA
4.2 Section one: socio demographic data
4.3 Test of hypothesis
4.4 Summary of findings
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.3 Recommendation References Questionnaire
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
In every organization where people of different
background and interest have to interact in the collective efforts
towards achieving a common goal, there must be a cordial relationship.
As Bankole (2000) argues that Organization does not exist without people
with various skills, experience, specialization, psychological.
Disposition and the need to make out a living, but Organization exist
with people, management and Labour. Therefore, Trade Unions are the
principle institution of workers in modern capitalist societies.
In Nigeria, Trade Unionism has witnessed some
historical phases. It can be traced to the colonial era prior to the
development of Personnel Management. At any stage of Industrial
development, workers performance cannot be overlooked because it is a
major determinant for an Organizational growth. Therefore, an
organization that focuses on issues affecting Economic growth must also
have a corresponding implication on the level of workers Union in an
Organization. In the words of Matanmi (1999:17) "whatever affects
53tuworkers could also make or mar an improved productivity in an
Organization which is the condition for growth and developments".
Fadeyi (1999) defines Trade Union as continuous
association of wage earners for the purpose of maintaining and improving
the conditions of their working lives. This definition points out the
caliber of people forming Trade Union and the purpose for which Trade
Union is established. However, Yesufu (1984) defines Trade Union as
association of Employees for the. Promotion and deference of the terms
and conditions of Employment of their members including their standard
of living. Nigerian Trade Ordinance (1938) reports that A Trade Union is
any combination of workers and Employers whether temporary or
permanent, the principal purpose of which is the regulation of
relationship between workmen and workmen, or between master and masters,
whether such combination would or could not. This second definition
embraces Employees association as well as organizations of workers.
As a result of the foregoing, the study evaluates the
impact Trade Union and Industrial Relations Practice on organizational
Peace. This become necessary because Trade Union represent an avenue
through which issues relations to workers are discussed. Also, almost
every worker owes an allegiance to a 'particular Trade Union and such
worker will maintain an in-group membership by confronting to the
internal decision reached by the Union. Bankole (2000) says that the
upsurge of Trade Unions in the 1940s with the attendant Industrial
Conflicts prompted Management of most Organization to according more
time and attention to Labour problems, grievances and disputes for the
general interest of Organization.
For instance, the Nationwide General Strike of 1945 led
by a Pa Micheal Imodu was a watershed in the annals of Labour
management relations in Nigeria. The need, was felt after the strike to
appoint on full time basis persons whose responsibility would be to
receive and attend to labour matters by in sing with Trade Union
Official and negotiate labour issues before the degenerating into
National Crises (Bankole, 2000). From this Example it is clear that
Trade Union is a machinery that ensures that the working conditions and
socio-economic climate of work environment are in good condition.
This research study aim to explore the impact of Trade
Union In Union Bank of Nigeria, Ojo Branch, Lagos State. Nigeria Union
of Bankers as a Labour Union is essential to the Establishment and
maintenance of good labour relations. Whether it be a question of
defending the interest of the members of the financial institution or
determining condition of employment or of settling litigation, which may
arise In respect of institutional growth (Matanmi 1998). The studying
of Trade Union activities and the implication on Organizational growth.
It can be noted that the use of strike as an instrument of collective
bargaining has been predominant in contemporary Industrial situation in
Nigeria. In the light of this, this study intends to explore the
imperativeness of unionism engendering industrial peace in union bank of
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
The frequent occurrence of strike action, which is
usually organized by Trade Union has caused a lot of problem relation to
Organizational growth. Even in the Banking Sector, some workers are
usually less productive during the period of Industrial actions called
upon by the labour Union. On the part of worker or employee, it has
resulted in unequal hardship and principally brain drain (Obisi 1999).
Trade Union rely on industrial conflict as a means of
machinery of achieving the desired goals but industrial conflicts does
not give room for industrial harmony, and this has an adverse impact on
Organizational growth and development (Fapohunda, 1980)
In the views expressed by Fadeyi (1999) Trade Union
plays an active role in improving workers performance by setting target
which could be achieved by the workers provided they are well motivated
by their Employers. The effective functioning of Trade Union is also
facing some problems like poor leadership, rivalry, ethnicity, poor
financing and power tussle (Adeogun 1980 & Fadeyi 1999). Other forms
of problems that exist between Trade Union and Management in an
Organization are lobby, demonstration, lock-out, slowdown of production
and so on. All these industrial disputes lead to in- effective and lack
of growth in the organization, which could be avoided if strike is
totally averted. Thus, this study shall make attempts to find solutions
to some of the problems stated in this study.
1.3 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
This research project shall provide answers to the following relevant questions:
- How does trade unionism contribute to the organization growth?
- Is it compulsory for every worker to join trade union in union bank of Nigeria?
- Does there exist any relationship between the existence of trade
union and industrial- relation practices in union bank of Nigeria?
- What are the main problems facing trade Union in Nigeria.
- How can the problems facing trade Unionism be solved.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The main objectives of this study is to evaluate the
impact of trade Union and Industrial relation practice on organizational
Peace in the study area.
Other specific objectives are stated as follows:-
- To examine the strength and contribution of Trade Union as a tool to settling grievances between the employees and Management.
- To examine the relationship between Trade Union and Organizational growth.
iii. To discover a reliable method ofimprovinq workers contribution to Organizational growth.
- To examine the impact of trade union as a means of engendering workers productivity.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Since both Trade Unionism and Industrial Relation
Practice are very important to the Economic institution of the nations,
this project is very crucial because it shall provide. New knowledge
regarding the subject matter of this research. The concept of
Organizational efficiency and productivity is very important in nation
building. Therefore, there is no doubt in the fact that this project
will contribute towards improving Organizational growth through
recommendation and suggestion for further studies.
Also, this study is worth doing because it will
evaluate the relevance of Trade Unionism. That is, this project will be a
springboard that will enable people to know the reasons why workers
form Trade Unions.
The standard of living of
every citizen is important for the socio-economic development of the
effectiveness and the role of Trade Unions and Industrial Relations
Practice on organizational Peace. The relevant data of this study could
therefore be adopted by Policy planners, Government Officials. And the
General Populace for effective organizational Peace in Nigeria. Thereby
the study would have bridged gap in knowledge and public policy
formulation and implementation.
1.5 SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
This study will be limited
to Union Bank of Nigeria Pic, and the impact of Trade Union and
Industrial Relations practice on organization Peace in the study area.
The research also examines the concept of Trade Union and Industrial
Relations Practice process, its effective functioning towards the
achievement of Organizational growth, industrial peace. Thus, due time
and financial constraints, the study will be limited to Union Bank of
Nigeria pic. Headquarters office at Marina, Lagos State.
1.6 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Some of the relevant concepts, which has been used in this research study are defined as follows:-
Reynolds (1949) defines
Trade Union as a continuous association of wage earners for the purpose
of maintaining and improving the conditions of their working lives.
Organization can be
defined as consisting of group large or small collaborating in a
structured and relatively permanent ways in order to achieve one or more
This is the certainty of
being able to change, that is, which exist. It is the certainty of being
able to better today than yesterday. It is the will to improve on the
present situation, no matter how good it may look.
performance refers to the effectiveness and efficiency of any
Organization in" terms of goal setting and goal attainment. This could
be meeting up the Organization in terms of production, marketing and
sales or expansion.
Workers refer to persons
who are employed, especially as manual or industrial labour for a wage.
They are the groups who work in particular field or industry.
Collective bargaining is
the process whereby employers represented by Management and employee
represented by the Union negotiate and reach, agreement on issues of
'divergent interest such as wages and salaries, allowances, hours of
Foilet (1920) defines
Management as the act of getting things done through people. This means
that Management is an act because it depend on personal qualities and
Manager's ability to make good use of the employers in an Organization.
This is the process
whereby Trade Union members, employers of labour and respected
administrators deliberate on cases involving essential services in an
This refers to the process of arousing energy in an individual towards the gratification of a particular objective goal.